Infographic to Accompany ICAS Pensions Paper Scotland's Pensions Future

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ICAS has published a new report, Scotland’s Pensions Future: What Pensions Arrangements Would Scotland Need?, a major contribution to the debate on Scotland’s future, its meaning and the implications for those in Scotland, the rest of the UK and beyond.To download the full report, go to ICAS.org.uk/scotlandspensionsfuture.pdf

Text of Infographic to Accompany ICAS Pensions Paper Scotland's Pensions Future

AND RETIREMENT PENSION PROVISIONWhen it comes to pensions, Scottish Independence could have a major impact on UK businesses in particular as outlined in the ICAS report Scotlands Pensions Future.

SCOTTISH INDEPENDENCE

The European question rivate sector pension schemes operating P between an Independent Scotland and the remainder of the UK would be classed cross-border under EU law. Strict EU solvency rules would apply requiring: Cross-border pension schemes to be fully funded at all times Underfunding to be rectified immediately rather than through a staged recovery plan Annual instead of triennial actuarial valuations Potentially causing major cost and cash flow issues for businesses on both sides of the border.

The State Pension: who pays?Which government would be responsible for the State Pension entitlements of Scots built up before Independence?

UK Pension Bill (2010-2011)

74bn 8bn 40% 13%

state pensions

=82bnof UK social benefit payments of all UK expenditure

pension credits

Scotlands opening balance sheetAny negotiations leading to independence would involve identifying what share of UK assets and liabilities including public sector pension liabilities would feature on the opening balance sheet of an Independent Scotland.

ING N E P O E C n A BAL

?

2,421bn

UK liabilities at 31 March 2011Other liabilities

1,461bn (60%)UK unfunded public sector pension liabilities

893bn (37%)UK public sector funded pension liabilities

67bn (3%)*Source: 2010-11 UK Whole of Government Accounts

86bn

Scottish public sector pension liabilities arising from devolved activities at 31 March 2012

60bn (70%) 26bn (30%)*Source: Scottish Public Pensions Agency

Scottish unfunded public sector pension liabilities arising from devolved activities

Scottish funded public sector pension liabilities arising from devolved activities

Scotlands share of pension liabilities relating to UK-wide public sector pension arrangements would need to be identified.

icas.org.uk @ICASaccountingICAS takes a neutral stance on the issue of Scottish Independence but recognises that it has a duty to act in the public interest by contributing information and insights to the debate.