Interoperability models in Brazil - IBTTA ... Interoperability models in Brazil IBTTA GENERAL SESSION

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  • Interoperability models in Brazil

    IBTTA GENERAL SESSION

    - INTEROPERABILITY -

    Plano, TX. May 15th, 2011

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    Dr Dario Sassi Thober, Director WERNHER VON BRAUN LABS thober@vonbraunlabs.org

    mailto:thober@vonbraunlabs.org

  • Intelligent Transportation Systems in Brazil

    • National System for Automated Vehicle Identification (SINIAV) – Based on ISO18000-6C – Added Custom Commands for Security

    • National System for Product and Cargo Identification, Tracking and Authentication (Brasil-ID) – Based on SINIAV; same infrastructure

    • Integrated Vehicles’ Automated Tracking and Registration System (SINRAV) – GPS/GPRS/Satellite Vehicle Tracking

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  • SINIAV systems

    • Local (State) Back-Office – Based on the same systems that emits regular License

    Plates – Link w/ State Police and National Dept of Transportation

    (Denatran)

    • National/Federal Back-Office – At Denatran; Integrates and exchange data between States

    • License-Plate Issuing/Initialization Offices – Operates on the same site regular license plates are issued

    • Multi-Lane Free-Flow RFID Portals – Both for Highways and Cities

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  • Brasil-ID systems

    • Local (State) Back-Office – Secretary of Treasure of Each State – Based on existing Electronic Invoice System

    • Integrated (National) Back-Office – System in cooperation w/ IRS – Operation: Centralized in Sao Paulo

    • Transponder Initialization Mechanisms – At the product/pallet manufacturing/closure (as w/ cigarettes in

    Brazil today)

    • Government’s Fiscal Check-Points – Approx. 1,000 check-points in Brazil today

    • Figure of “Operators” being defined in detail

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  • SINRAV systems

    • Systems’ Operators Back-Office – Private Tracking Services defined a common protocol

    to address a single GPRS chip

    • Integrated (National) Back-Office – Located at the Department of Transportation

    – Roaming and Activation is controlled by Denatran

    • Tracking-devices installation by the Car-Makers – Tracking device is mandatory for new vehicles

    – Service activation upon acceptance of the Car owner

    – Besides Tracking, a remote engine shut-off control

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  • About SINIAV

    • SINIAV is organized by the Ministry of the Cities (MC) and the National Traffic Committee (CONTRAN) in Brazil, based on Resolutions Nr. 212 issued on November 13, 2006, and Resolution Nr. 338 issued on December 17, 2010, by CONTRAN [RES:212:2006, RES:338:2009], referring to LAW 121 of 2006.

    • SINIAV foresees mandatory electronic registration for all vehicles in the country, including passenger cars, trucks, motorbikes and etc. The official deployment phase of SINIAV starts on June 30, 2011, to be completed by June 30, 2014.

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  • SINIAV BackOffice

    • A Centralized Back Office system module, operated by the National Department of Transit – DENATRAN:

    – To provide essential, integrated and processed information on Vehicles available to Public Transportation and Security Agencies across the country

    – To keep and manage configuration and cryptographic keys related to security and management of the national system;

    – The management of an exception list, keeping the records of violations and any other non-conformation events detected by all SINIAV operating units. This exception list refers to vehicles that are irregular in terms of legal and/or fiscal obligations

    • A Local (Back-Office) system operated by State authorities including:

    – License-Plate emission

    – Connection to Police and other Public and Private Services

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  • SINIAV Data-Flow

    • Through the Operator's Console, Detran's officer requests an electronic plate configuration; in this operation, he/she needs to manually input vehicle data (RENAVAM – Vehicle National Registration Number, Plate, Model, Type) using a console.

    • Siniav Core (Denatran's Back Office) checks all the data of the vehicle in RENAVAM-backoffice, the national database of vehicles in Brazil.

    • Siniav Core generates a 'key' to this transponder and includes this electronic plate in one of the national “Group Keys". This association between electronic plate and security-key is stored in Denatran's Back Office Database.

    • Siniav Core connects to the License-Plate Emission Device (LPED), checking if a valid, official and blank tag is inserted and ready to be initialized. If all the needed verifications are valid, SINIAV Core sends a command with data to the LPED, which automatically and securely writes the data to the electronic plate. The success of the writing operation is then double checked with a reading request from Siniav Core, and LPED does the first encrypted reading of the electronic plate, using the Siniav Protocol.

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  • Electronic Plate Configuration and Initialization – Data-Flow

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  • Exception List management

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    Denatran is responsible for synchronizing all registers of the exception list, distributing the changes to Detran’s. The registers can be included in the list by RENAJUD, an official system to which Judiciary has direct access, Federal Police, States Police, and other entities that can generate 'security exception events'. Besides that, each Detran can generate custom events to track vehicles in its state, such as situations of debts.

  • SINIAV standards

    • VON BRAUN LABS is responsible for the technical definitions (BackOffice to Tag) on the Government side

    • A Siniav Protocol was developed as Custom-Commands over ISO18000-6C standard

    • This protocol was protected (patent-filled) to ensure competitiveness and interoperability among Siniav solution-providers

    • Objective is to provide secure and standardized transponder-reader communication under royalty-free mechanisms

    • This protocol is serving as a basis for Brazil’s participation in International standards 

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  • SINIAV standards

    • VON BRAUN LABS is actively participating in national and international RFID standardization activities, including: – Direction of Technical Commission ABNT/CE-21:031.07 - Automatic

    Identification and Data Capture Techniques - Security for Item Management, as part of the Brazilian Committee ABNT/CB-21 - Computers and Data Processing.

    • Formal representation of ABNT Brazil and Head of Brazilian Delegation to the following ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 working groups: – ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4 - Radio frequency identification for item

    management, special groups SG1 and SG3; – ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 5 - Real time locating systems (RTLS); and – ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 7 - Automatic identification and data capture

    techniques - Security for item management. – GS1 EPCglobal HAG UHF Air Interface 1 and 2 Working Group (UHF AI

    1&2 WG).

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    AES128 Encryption mechanisms on top of ISO18000-6C

  • SINIAV License-Plate Reference Platforms • Ministry of Science and Technology request (from

    VON BRAUN LABS) a License-Plate Reference- Platform capable of implementing SINIAV [and other ISO-related] Protocols

    • Semi-active solution already available (BOM+ manufacturing cost ~$4 for 10k units-order); Passive version first tape-outs already achieved (product-stage in 2012 @ ~$0.20)

    • Government offers direct access (no fee) to Semi- active design; Chip availability (passive) in one year (for OEMs to develop sticker-casings).

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  • SINIAV License-Plate Reference Platforms

    Brazilian R&D

    Institutions

    CMs/OEMs

    SEMICONDUCTOR FOUNDRIES

    Industry- partners

    Solution- Providers

    Collaboration

    Other R&D partners

    Semi-Active Passive

    Semi-Active Passive

    IC-design of the Passive version: VONBRAUNLABS and other IC DHs

  • SINIAV Pilot in Rio de Janeiro (April, 2011)

    MLFF architecture

    Local-State BackOffice

    License-Plate Emission Site

  • SINIAV was designed to MLFF in urban and Hways’ environments

    • VON BRAUN LABS developed technical requirements in accordance to the SINIAV Regulations to work in Multi-Lane Free-Flow  solution does not rely on the physical layer (frequency or Tag devices).

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    Private developments in RJ

    Private developments in SP

    VON BRAUN LABS Test-site

  • SINIAV is the base for Electronic Invoicing • Brasil-ID is a system developed by

    VON BRAUN LABS with all Brazilian States plus the Brazilian equivalent to “IRS” 

    • It embeds Siniav/ISO18000-6C- ISO29167 RFID devices into Products / Cargo Seals as an unique/indelible ID containing all Fiscal [Invoicing] information;

    • Electronic Invoicing is

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