Introduction London is the United Kingdom and the United Kingdom within the capital city, metropolis, the former British Empire, the capital of the world's political, financial and cultural center. Greater London's population is 7 172 091 people , but with more agglomeration million higher. Populations of many different nations, cultures and religions are represented, including Europe and the world's legkozmopolitbb and most populous city in the European Union. London a lot of institutions, organizations and companies is home to several world-famous museum, theater, concert hall, airport, railway station, and offices located in the palace. 2005th On 6 July London was chosen for the 2012 Summer Olympics where to, so this will be the first city where the famous sporting event hosted by a third time.
Location Today, London is usually the Greater London is also known throughout the city are called, which is downtown (City) and consists of thirty-two London Borough. Historically, the name of the City, which grew out of the city today. Between 1889 and 1965, the former London counties also referred to as the Inner London area of today's match. The center of the ancient Roman city of Londinium London stone has been nominated. A Landsat 7 satellite-West London. In the middle of the green space of Hyde Park, to the right of the Green Park and St. James's Park London location in Europe Greater London area of 1579 square kilometers. London is a port on the Thames River. The river was heavily influenced by the city's development. London, the Thames on the north coast and founded hundreds of years, one bridge, London Bridge over the river led. Therefore, the center of town on the northern shore was a long time. When the 18th century, several bridges were built, the pace began to expand into more cities in the surrounding flat and slightly hilly areas. London, therefore, roughly circular in Latvian. The River Thames past the river was much wider and shallower than it is today. The banks are incorporated, and several tributaries of the underground is today. Since the city lies close to the point where the Thames flows into the sea, the alternation of tidal flooding risk. This increases the sea's slow but steady increase. This attempt to control barriers. Budapest, 1670 km away.
The climate London temperate climate, with warm but seldom hot summers, cool but rarely cold winter and constant rainfall is not low (on a daily basis). The summer temperatures are rarely higher than 30 C, although the last few years some increase was observed. The highest temperature ever measured was 37.9 C at Heathrow airport in 2003. Snowfall is rare. The average annual precipitation is about. 800-1000 mm. London special microclimate characterized by the densely built-up area of the heat store, so the city is often increased by 5 C warmer than the surrounding areas. The number of sunshine hours in November, December, January, February months, minimum: 0-1 hours a day average.
History The pre-Roman era finds a few have survived. London was founded by the Romans as the capital of province of Great Britain, after AD In 43 the Emperor Claudius conquered most of modern England. They called it Londinium. The name is Latin, but also of Celtic origin, probably the result of a personal Londinos Celtic.  Another theory is that the name of a pre-Celtic era (seurpai) Plowonida derived from the word, which means about that "settlement of the wide river."  After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Romans had left London. 7 A century Lundenwic called Saxon town was built near the west today Aldwychtl. The old Roman town on the 9th century or the 10th century, inhabited again. Westminster was once a separate city, since the Middle Ages to the English royal court is established. Finally, the two built together with the city, was formed in today's London base, but was not yet the capital (the PRC Winchester Hampshire was the 12th century.) London started to grow, and in the next few centuries absorbed the surrounding towns and villages. 16 of the 20th century the beginning of the century was the capital of the British Empire. 1666th On September 2, started the Great Fire of London, which destroyed a large part of the city. The fire started in a baker fahzbl the next three days more than 13 000 houses destroyed, including St Paul Church. The city is rebuilt in ten years. 18 century, the development accelerated. 19 the beginning of the century, the world's largest Latvian city.
The local government tried to meet the requirements due to rapid growth. Founded in 1855, the Metropolitan Board of Works for the purpose is to ensure that the appropriate infrastructure for the rapidly growing city. Instead, in 1889, was created in London County, which controlled London County Council - the first organization that controlled the entire administration of London. In London, a German rocket after burning (1941) 20 century Londoners heated with coal, which is a huge smoke damage. This, combined with the climatic conditions are often caused by smog, the well-known "London fog" of five. In 1956, the law has been in the clean air, after 1952nd December 5 and 9 five days of heavy smog of the city, more than 4,000 people, causing death. Under the law, smoke-free zones have been developed, where smoke does not cause fuel to be used. Image London is the largest change in the past 100 years has been caused by the bombing of the German II. During World War II. The bombing in more than 30 000 people were killed and many buildings destroyed. The destroyed parts of the 1950's, 60's and 70's saw a variety of different styles were built new and is therefore characteristic of London, an architectural landscape that is not uniform. In 1965, London County Council was replaced by Greater London Council (Greater London Council, GLC). More new town is a part of the Latvian city, the 20th of the current districts The GLC was abolished in 1986, it came into conflict with the Thatcher-government and jurisdiction has been transferred to individual districts. In 2000 it was re-centralized power over the city and mayor Ken Livingstone elected individually. 2008th May 4 since the Greater London Mayor Boris Johnson. The 1997 cease-fire in London is often a target of the IRA in Northern Ireland was over because of a disagreement. 2005th 7 July London terrorist attacks, just 24 hours after receipt of the London 2012 Olympic Games right to settlement.
Today, Greater London and 32 in the downtown district (borough, including the City of Westminster s). The most important center in Westminster, located in the West End, London, the most important cultural, entertainment and shopping, this is where the majority of financial institutions other than the company's headquarters is located in the United Kingdom and government buildings. The City of London is the world's banks and the center of Europe's main business center. Here you will find Europe's 500 largest companies in more than a hundred of the headquarters. The London stock market higher turnover, such as New York and Tokyo together. The City is very busy on weekdays, weekends, but rather a quiet, residential areas because little can be found here. London attracts many visitors and tourists. The tourist attractions are mainly in the central part of the city (Central London), in the City, West End, Westminster (Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace, Kensington and Chelsea district (Science Museum, Victoria and Albert Museum) and Hyde Park. It is important to tourist attractions expect more of the St. Paul's Cathedral, the National Gallery, the Globe Theater, the Tate Gallery, London Bridge, Tower Bridge and the Tower, the London Eye, the British Museum in Bloomsbury, and many other museums and attractions.