Introduction to Engineering Computer to Engineering Computer ... Science, Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering ... Differential Equations and Linear Algebra

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Text of Introduction to Engineering Computer to Engineering Computer ... Science, Electrical Engineering...

  • Introduction to Engineering & Computer Science

    with emphasis on Computing and Electrical Fields

    Version 4.0 printed on September 2012 First published in September 2006

  • Introduction to Engineering & Computer Science (ECS) Page 2

    Background and Acknowledgements This text is prepared for students who intend to start their education in Engineering or Computer Science fields with emphasis in Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering and Computer Science. The content is derived from the authors educational, technical and management experiences, in-addition to teaching experience. Many other sources, including the following specific sources, have also informed the content and format of this text:

    Katz, R. Contemporary Logic Design. (2005) Pearson. Lumsdaine, E. Creative Problem Solving and Engineering. (1999) Prentice Hall. Wakerly, I. Digital Design. (2001) Prentice Hall. Sandige, R. Digital Design Essentials. (2002) Prentice Hall. Nilsson, J. Electrical Circuits. (2004) Pearson. Eide, A. Engineering Fundamentals & Problem Solving. (2002) McGraw Hill MathWorks. MATLAB Reference Material Version R2000a. (2007) MathWorks

    I would like to give special thanks to my students and colleagues for their valued contributions in making this material a more effective learning tool. I invite the reader to forward any corrections, additional topics, examples and problems to me for future updates. Thanks,

    Izad Khormaee www.EngrCS.com

    Copyright 2010 Izad Khormaee, All Rights Reserved.

  • Introduction to Engineering & Computer Science (ECS) Page 3

    Table of Contents

    Chapter 1. Introduction ................................................................................................ 51.1 Key Concepts and Overview ................................................................................................................... 51.2. Engineering and Computer Science (ECS) ........................................................................................... 61.3. Education ............................................................................................................................................... 71.4. Careers .................................................................................................................................................. 91.5. Achievements and Benefits ................................................................................................................. 111.6. Societies and Certification ................................................................................................................... 131.7. Key Success Factors ........................................................................................................................... 141.8. Patents ................................................................................................................................................. 151.9. Code of Ethics ...................................................................................................................................... 161.10. Additional Resources ......................................................................................................................... 211.11. Problems ............................................................................................................................................ 22

    Chapter 2. Teamwork and Communication .............................................................. 242.1. Key Concepts and Overview ................................................................................................................ 242.2. Thinking Modes .................................................................................................................................... 252.3. Thinking Mode Assessment Based on Herrmann Whole Brain Model ................................................ 282.4. Teamwork ............................................................................................................................................ 302.5. Communication .................................................................................................................................... 322.6. Additional Resources ........................................................................................................................... 362.7. Problems .............................................................................................................................................. 37

    Chapter 3. Creative Problem Solving ....................................................................... 383.1. Key Concepts and Overview ................................................................................................................ 383.2. Creative Problem-Solving Process ...................................................................................................... 393.3. Step 1 - Customer Issues/Needs Identification .................................................................................... 413.4. Step2 - Problem Definition ................................................................................................................... 423.5 - Step 3 - Idea Generation .................................................................................................................... 443.6. Step 4 - Optimal Solution Selection ..................................................................................................... 473.7. Step 5 - Solution Implementation ......................................................................................................... 513.8. Additional Resources ........................................................................................................................... 523.9. Problems ............................................................................................................................................. 53

    Chapter 4. Electrical Circuits .................................................................................... 544.1. Key Concepts and Overview ................................................................................................................ 544.2. Charge, Current and Voltage ............................................................................................................... 554.3. Circuit Model ........................................................................................................................................ 574.4. Power Sources ..................................................................................................................................... 594.5. Circuit Simplifications ........................................................................................................................... 684.6. Kirchhoffs Laws and DC Circuit Analysis ............................................................................................ 714.7. Capacitor, C ......................................................................................................................................... 794.8. Inductor, L ............................................................................................................................................ 814.9. Transformers ........................................................................................................................................ 834.10. Additional Resources ......................................................................................................................... 844.11. Problems ............................................................................................................................................ 85

    Chapter 5. Digital Logic ............................................................................................. 895.1. Key Concepts and Overview ................................................................................................................ 895.2. Digital vs. Analog ................................................................................................................................. 905.3. Digital Design Overview ....................................................................................................................... 92

  • Introduction to Engineering & Computer Science (ECS) Page 4

    5.4. Binary Number Systems ...................................................................................................................... 945.5. Binary Algebra ...................................................................................................................................... 975.6. Standard Logic Gates .......................................................................................................................... 995.7. Simple Input and Output Configurations ............................................................................................ 1015.8. Logic Design Examples ...................................................................................................................... 1035.9. Beyond Standard Logic ...................................................................................................................... 1105.10. Additional Resources ....................................................................................................................... 1135.11. Problems .......................................................................................................................................... 114

    Chapter 6. Computer Architecture and Programming Fundamentals ................. 1156.1. Key Concepts and Overview ............................................................