Islamic Worldview

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School Work described about Islamic Worldview.

Text of Islamic Worldview

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    ABSTRACT

    Worldview comes from German Weltanschauung or in Arabic as Ruyatul li al-

    wujud. It is defined as a set of attitudes on a wide range of fundamental matters.

    Worldview encapsulates answers regarding broad questions of life understanding. There

    are many types of worldview such as Islamic worldview, scientific worldview and the

    other. In this paper, we will discuss about Islamic worldview in term of concept,

    objectives and humanity. First and foremost, Islamic worldview is defined by Syed

    Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas as a metaphysical survey if the visible as well as the

    invisible worlds including the perspectives of life as a whole.

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    The concept of Islamic Worldview

    Islamic worldview manifested the general ideas about the core elements in human

    for life understanding. Islamic worldview is not a worldview that is created simply by

    amalgamation or historical concoction of various cultural values. It is well established

    framework derived from the revelation and interpreted by Muslim scholars throughout

    Islamic history. Islamic worldview provides its believer with the correct and consistent

    answers to the ultimate element in humans life which are God, revelation and

    Prophethood, Gods creation, man and the psychological of human soul, knowledge,

    religion itself, freedom, values and virtues, hereafter and also happiness.

    Besides, Islamic worldview encompasses both element of al-dunia and al-akhirah

    in which the dunia aspect must be inextricably linked to the akhirah aspect. This is very

    crucial for human in order to give them guides in leading their life in this world also

    brings peace and harmony to the world (dunia).

    Firstly, Islamic worldview clarifies about God. The question about God is very

    popular and complicated to explicate for the humans understanding from a long time ago,

    as the element of God is the fitrah of human1. Every person that living in this world must

    and should have the feeling to seek about the element of great power that presence

    surrounds themselves. For instance, since the living of Neolithic people they are

    worshipping the fire, the sun and the others because they claimed that these things are the

    powerful elements that assist them in continuing their life2.

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    The worldview of Islam has given the most comprehensive explanation pertaining

    God. The Muslims should not face the complicity in the issue of God. Muslims will not

    ever to criticize about the worship to God as they knew that every person in this world

    has made a pledge with our God, Allah S.W.T for worshipping Him and follow all his

    rules.

    When thy Lord drew forth from the Children of Adam - from their loins - their

    descendants, and made them testify concerning themselves, (saying): "Am I not your

    Lord (who cherishes and sustains you)?"- They said: "Yea! We do testify!" (This), lest ye

    should say on the Day of Judgment: "Of this we were never mindful. (7;172)3

    This is exceedingly different from what happen in the west especially when they

    are facing a serious problem pertaining God. This is prove when their philosophical

    scholar, Friedrich Nietzsche has made a statement God is dead and consequently give a

    massive impact and influence to their religion framework4.

    Secondly, Islamic worldview appeared to elucidate regarding revelation and

    Prophethood. The term of prophet is defined completely and there is a comprehensive

    guideline about the characteristics and aspects. Thus, Muslims will not face any problem

    when there has an obstacle regarding to this thing. To set an example, Muslims in

    Malaysia should not believe about the presence of Rasul Melayu, where they be

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    supposed to know that our very beloved prophet Rasulullah S.A.W is the last prophet that

    Allah has sent to the humankind5.

    Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and

    the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things. (33;40)

    Besides that, the framework of Islamic worldview told us that Holy Quran is the

    absolute guidance for human being especially Muslims. There will be no changes even

    for a small piece in the content and text. We also know that the Sunnah Rasulullah S.A.W

    will be the second guidance in term to reveal the hidden meaning in Holy Quran. Thus,

    there should not have the people who only prefer Holy Quran as their guidance and

    throwing the Sunnah Rasulullah S.A.W from their life. Furthermore, we must know that

    only an authorized person have a specialty in translated the Holy Quran and interpret the

    hidden meaning inside it. Nowadays, there has a group of people called liberalist where

    they interpret the Holy Quran without posses any required knowledge in order to translate

    and interpret it. As a result, the interpretation will not follow the right way and lead to the

    misunderstanding about Islam and its teaching. 'Abdullah b. 'Amr reported Allah's

    Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Verily, Allah does not take away

    knowledge by snatching it from the people but He takes away knowledge by taking away

    the scholars, so that when He leaves no learned person, people turn to ignorant as their

    leaders; then they are asked to deliver religious verdicts and they deliver them without

    knowledge, they go astray, and lead others astray. (Narrated by Al-Bukhari)6

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    Thirdly, the powerful of Allah S.W.T has been mentioned in the framework of

    Islamic worldview when Allah S.W.T created this whole world. Praise to Allah S.W.T,

    that we have got the chance to get pleasure from all creatures in this world such as

    animals, flora and fauna and many more. The body that we have own now is not absolute

    ours as Allah S.W.T lend it to us in order to worship and doing amar makruf nahi munkar.

    Therefore, all creatures that exist in this world should make us remind to Allah S.W.T as

    when we see these creatures we will wonder who the creator is.

    It is Allah Who has created the heavens and the earth, and all between them, in six Days,

    and is firmly established on the Throne (of Authority): ye have none, besides Him, to

    protect or intercede (for you): will ye not then receive admonition?. (32;4)7

    Previously, there has a man named Charles Darwin has claimed that species is

    originated by means of natural selection. Without deeper research and investigation, he

    made a conclusion that species has coming from the other species when the species has

    made an adaptation to its environment and progress to be the other species as a result of

    evolution. Then, there is a statement that human is coming from the most developed apes8.

    This is very serious crisis for human thinking as they will refuse the existence of

    the power of God in the creatures. This is because all species come from other species by

    a natural process called evolution. In fact, there is no evolution in the real world as Allah

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    S.W.T has created all creatures in this world in a blink of eye. Unfortunately, all people

    just simply digest the hypothesis of Darwin although there are many aspects that can be

    refute. The impact of this hypothesis is the spreading of the new thought which called

    secularism.

    Eventhough secularism was started from the refusal of the existence of church in

    West in a daily life matter, because of this new finding by Darwin which led to the denial

    of the power of God; this thought has been absorbed by the society at that time9. It is

    becoming worse where the thought now has been immersed too by Muslims32

    .

    Fourthly, Islamic worldview embraces the aspects of man and the psychological of

    human soul. As a matter of fact, Muslims has been given two roles by Allah S.W.T. The

    roles are as a slaves and vicegerences of the world10

    . There are no doubts that when we

    always realize our roles and duty in this world there will be no deviation and astray. This

    is because Muslims should be the peacemaker of this world by following the absolute

    guidance by Allah S.W.T.

    Ye are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding

    what is wrong, and believing in Allah. If only the People of the Book had faith, it was

    best for them: among them are some who have faith, but most of them are perverted

    transgressors. (3; 110)

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    Islam is the religion that takes a good care of the spiritual part in man. The only

    difference between the practical of Islam and the other religion is every action done by

    Muslims is based on the concept of Tawhid. All of our action is because of Allah S.W.T.

    Moreover, paying a great attention to the quality of the soul or spiritual is very crucial in

    Islam. It is the equal significant as we take a good care of our physical element11

    .

    The Islamic worldview framework explains the presence of Ruh in human body.

    The humans ibadah in daily life was considered as the healthcare of the spiritual. In

    addition, there has a branch in healthcare known as spiritual healthcare which focus on

    the spiritual quality in one person. Even the other religions have their own ways in taking

    care their spiritual side such as meditation12

    .

    Fifthly, Islamic worldview comprises about the main thing in huma