Job Stress (Short) Ppt

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JOB STRESS

JERRY JOHN B.A(PSYCHOLOGY)1

INTRODUCTIONSTRESS IS A C NSEQUENCE F R A GENERAL RESPONSE TO AN ACTION OR SITUATION THAT PLACES SPECIAL PHYSICAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DEMANDS OR OTH, ON A PERSONS ENVIRONMENT . THE PHYSICAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DEMANTS FROM THE ENVIRONMENT THAT CAUSE SRESS ARE CALLED STRESSORS.

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DEFENITIONJOSEPH E.McGRATH CAME UP WITH THIS INTRESTING DEFINITION IN SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS IN STRESS. STRESS IS DEFINED AS THE ANTICIPATION OF INABILITY TO RESPOND ADE UATELY TO PERCI ED DEMAND, ACCOMPAINED BY ANTICIPATION OF NEGATI E CONSE UENCES FOR INADE UATE RESPONSE

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CAUSES OF STRESSTYPICAL CAUSES OF STRESS ON THE JOB ARE THE FOLLOWING WORK OVERLOAD. TIME PRESSURES. POOR QUALITY OF SUPERVISION. INSECURE JOB CLIMATE. LACK OF PERSONAL CONTROL. INADEQUATE AUTHORITY TO MATCH RESPONSIBLITIES. ROLE CONFLICT AND AMBIGUITY. DIFFRENCE BETWEEN COMPANY AND EMPLOYEE VALUES. FRUSTRATION. TECHNOLOGY WITH INADEQUATE TRAINING AND SUPPORT.

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EFFECTS OF STRESSSTRESS AND PERFORMANCE THE INVERTED-U CURVE IS THE BEST EXPALINATION FOR STRESS AND PERFORMANCE . THE LOGIC UNDERLYING THE INVERTED-U IS THAT LOW TO MODERATE LEVELS OF STRESS STIMULATE THE BODY AND INCREASSES ITS ABILITY TO REACT. INDIVIDUALS THEN OFTEN PERFORM THEIR TASKS BETTER, MORE INTENSELY, OR MORE RAPIDLY.BUT TOO MUCH STRESS PLACES UN-ATTAINABLE DEMANDS OR CONSTRAINTS ON A PERSONS, WHICH RESULTS IN LOWER PERFORMANCE. THIS INVERTED U-PATTERN MAY ALSO DESCRIBE THE REACTION TO STRESS OVER TIME, ASWELL AS TO CHANGE IN STRESS INTENSITY.

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EFFECTS OF STRESSJOB S TIS TIO ABSENTEEISM AND TURNOVER O LABOUR ORCE. IT IS THE ONE O THE MOST OBVIOUS COSTS O STRESS TO EMPLOYEES WIDESPREAD AND ACCELERATED PROBLEM IN MANY OCCUPATIONS. EMPLOYEES TURNOVER REFERS TO THE VOLUNTARY AND INVOLUNTARY PERMANENT WITHDRAWAL FROM THE ORGANISATION.

SEVERAL STUDIES I DI ATES A DECREASE I JOB SATIS ACTIO WHEN STRESS LEVEL IS INCREASED .

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EFFECTS OF STRESSSTRESS AND JOB BURNOUT JOB BURNOUT REFERS TO THE ADVERSE EFFECTS OF WORKING CONDITIONS WHERE STRESSOR SEEMS INAVOIDABLE AND SOURCE OF JOB SATISFACTION AND RELIF FROM STRESS SEEMS UNAVAIBLE. IT IS A CONDITION THAT OF JOB STRESS THAT RESULT FROM OVERWORK. EMPLOYEES SUFFERING FROM BURNOUT BECOME LESS ENERGETIC AND LESS INTERESTED IN THEIR JOBS. THEY ARE EMOTIONALLY EXHAUSTED, APATHETIC, DEPRESSED, IRRITABLE AND BORED.

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STRESS AND JOB BURNOUT

THEY TEND TO FIND FAULT WITH ALL ASPECTS OF THEIR WORK ENVIRONMENT,INCLUDING CO-WORKERS AVD REACT NEGATIVELY TO THE SUGGESITIONS OF OTHERS.

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3 COMPONENTS OF BURNOUTA STATE OF EMOTIONAL EXHAUSTION. THE FEELING OF BEING DRAINED AND EMPTY, THAT IS CAUSED BY EXCESSIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL AND EMOTIONAL DEMANTS, OFTEN BROUGHT ABOUT BY WORK-OVERLOAD OR UNREALISTICALLY HIGH EXPECATIONS. DEPERSIONALIZATION OF INDIVIDUALS IT REFERS TO THE TREATMENT OF PEOPLE AS OBJECTS. FEELING OF LOW PERSONAL ACCOMPLISHMENT IT IS THE FEELING THAT ONES ACTION AND EFFFORT ARE WASTED AND WORTHLESS.

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BURNOUT STUDIESA SCALE WAS DEVELOPED TO MEASURE THE BURNOUT CONDITIONMASLACH BURNOUT INVENTORY IT CONSIST OF FOUR SUB SCALE TO ASSESS THE COMPONENTS OF EMOTIONAL EXHAUSTION, DEPERSONALIZATION,AND PERSONAL ACCOMPLISHMENT,AND RELEATED FACTORS CALLED PERSONAL INVOLMENT STUDIES SHOWS THAT THE TEST HAVE HIGH RELIBALITY AND VALIDITY

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FI

I

FROM

RNOUT TUDI

WOMEN MANNAGERS SHOW MORE FREQUENT AND INTENSE EFFECTS FROM THE EMOTIONAL EXHAUSTION COMPONENT OF BURNOUT THAN DO MEN MANNAGERS.

SINGLE AND DIVORCED PERSONS HAVE BEEN FOUND TO BE MORE LIKELY THAN MARRIED PERSONS TO EXPERIENCE EMOTIONAL EXAUSTION.

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FACTORS DETERMINING THE STRESS EXPERIENCETHE PERSONS PERCEPTION OF THE SITUVATION . THE PERSONS PAST EXPERIENCES. THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF THE SOCIAL SUPPORT. INDIVIDUAL DIFFRENCES WITH REGARD TO STRESS REACTION.12

THE RELATION B/W STRESSOR AND STRESS

THE INDIVIDUAL STRESS. PERCEPTION, PAST EXPERIENCE, SOCIAL SUPPORT, INDIVIDUAL DIFFRENCE.

THE ENVIRONMENT STRESSOR.

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COPING STRESSSTRESS MANAGEMENT PROGRAME & TRAINING EMPLOYER. EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION. EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAME.

CULTIVATE A FRIENDLY SOCIAL CLIMATE.

ORGANISAIONAL CHANGE THAT IMPROVE WORKING CONDITION.

CONSLUT YOUR EMPLOYEES.

FINICAL ASSISTANCE.

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EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT TECHINIQUESET A GOOD GOAL. REALIZE THE LIMITS & KNOW WHAT WE CAN DO. CHANGE YOUR PERSONAL ATTITUDE. POSSITIVE REINFORCEMENT. ENCOURAGE POSSITIVE SELF TALK. MAINTAIN A SENSE OF HUMOR.

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MY FINDINGS ON STRESS16

5 STAGES OF STRESS IN LIFECHILDHOOD STRESS. PUBERTY STRESS. STRESS OF ADOLESCERE. TRANSITIONAL STRESS. SENILE STRESS.17

MY SUGGESTIONS TO REDUCE STRESS

7 TECHNIQUE TO REDUCE STRSS. PHYSICAL EXECRISE. DO ONE ACTIVITYOR JOB AT A TIME. PLAY WITH PETS. WORK & TAKE A BREAK. SEARCH THE HELP OF THE CO-WORKER TIME MANAGEMENT. ATTEND FOR THE TRAINING PROGRAMES.

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SHAKESPEAR SAID

DONT WORRY.. BECAUSE IF YOU ARE WORRIED YOU GET A WRINKLE. SO WHY DONT YOU SMILE AND GET A DIMPLE .ALWAYS SMILE AND BE HAPPY..

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THANK YOU20