Johan 5 Famous Places

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    Johan Tysland

    5 famous placesTaj Mahal

    Great Wall of ChinaEiffel TowerGolden Gate

    Sydney Opera House

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    Taj Mahal

    The Taj Mahal represents thefinest and most sophisticatedexample of Mughalarchitecture. Its origins lie inthe moving circumstances of

    its commission and the cultureand history of an IslamicMughal empire's rule of largeparts of India.

    The distraught MughalEmperorShah Jahan

    commissioned the mausoleumupon the death of his favouritewife, Mumtaz Mahal.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mughal_architecturehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mughal_architecturehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mughal_empirehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mughal_Empirehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Mughal_emperorshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shah_Jahanhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mausoleumhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumtaz_Mahalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumtaz_Mahalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mausoleumhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shah_Jahanhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Mughal_emperorshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mughal_Empirehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mughal_empirehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mughal_architecturehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mughal_architecture
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    Taj Mahal

    Today it is one of the mostfamous and recognisablebuildings in the world andwhile the white domedmarblemausoleum is the most familiar

    part of the monument, the TajMahal is an extensive complexof buildings and gardens thatextends over22.44 Hectares[a] and includessubsidiary tombs, waterworks

    infrastructure, the small townof 'Taj Ganji' and a 'moonlightgarden' to the north of theriver.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marblehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mausoleumhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taj_Mahalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taj_Mahalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Origins_and_architecture_of_the_Taj_Mahalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Origins_and_architecture_of_the_Taj_Mahalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taj_Mahalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taj_Mahalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mausoleumhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marblehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dome
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    Taj Mahal

    Construction began in1632 CE, (1041 AH), onthe south bank of theRiver Yamuna in Agra,

    India and was completedin 1648 CE (1058 AH).The design wasconceived as both anearthly replica of the

    house of Mumtaz inparadise and aninstrument of propagandafor the emperor.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_erahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_calendarhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamunahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indiahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumtazhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumtazhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indiahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamunahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_calendarhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_era
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    Taj Mahal

    Who designed the TajMahal is unclear;although it is known thata large team of designers

    and craftsmen wereresponsible with Jahanhimself taking an activerole. Ustad Ahmad

    Lahauri is considered themost likely candidate asthe principal designer.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ustad_Ahmad_Lahaurihttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ustad_Ahmad_Lahaurihttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ustad_Ahmad_Lahaurihttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ustad_Ahmad_Lahauri
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    Taj Mahal

    Soon after the TajMahal's completion, ShahJahan was deposed byhis son Aurangzeb and

    put under house arrest atnearby Agra Fort. UponShah Jahan's death,Aurangzeb buried him in

    the Taj Mahal next to hiswife.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurangzebhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agra_Forthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agra_Forthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurangzeb
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    Taj Mahal

    By the late 19th century, partsof the Taj Mahal had fallenbadly into disrepair. During thetime of the Indian rebellion of1857, the Taj Mahal wasdefaced by British soldiers and

    government officials, whochiseled out precious stonesand lapis lazuli from its walls.At the end of 19th centuryBritishviceroyLord Curzonordered a massive restorationproject, which was completedin 1908. He alsocommissioned the large lampin the interior chamber,modeled after one in a Cairomosque.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rebellion_of_1857http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rebellion_of_1857http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lapis_lazulihttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdomhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viceroyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Nathaniel_Curzon%2C_1st_Marquess_Curzon_of_Kedlestonhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cairohttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cairohttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Nathaniel_Curzon%2C_1st_Marquess_Curzon_of_Kedlestonhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viceroyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdomhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lapis_lazulihttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rebellion_of_1857http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rebellion_of_1857
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    Taj Mahal

    During this time the garden was remodeled with British-looking lawns that are visibletoday.

    In 1942, the government erected a scaffolding in anticipation of an air attack byGerman Luftwaffe and later by Japanese Air Force. During the India-Pakistan wars of1965 and 1971, scaffoldings were again erected to mislead bomber pilots. Its recentthreats have come from environmental pollution on the banks of Yamuna Riverincluding acid rain due to the Mathura oil refinery, which was opposed by SupremeCourt of India directives. In 1983, the Taj Mahal was designated a UNESCOWorldHeritage Site.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftwaffehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Japanese_Navy_Air_Servicehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India-Pakistan_warshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_pollutionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamuna_Riverhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acid_rainhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathurahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_Indiahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_Indiahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNESCOhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Heritage_Sitehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Heritage_Sitehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Heritage_Sitehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Heritage_Sitehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNESCOhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_Indiahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_Indiahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathurahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acid_rainhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamuna_Riverhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_pollutionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India-Pakistan_warshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India-Pakistan_warshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India-Pakistan_warshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Japanese_Navy_Air_Servicehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftwaffe
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    The Great Wall of China

    The Chinese werealready familiar with thetechniques of wall-building by the time of theSpring and Autumn

    Period, which beganaround the 8th centuryBC. During the WarringStates Period from the5th century BC to 221

    BC, the states of Qi, Yanand Zhao all constructedextensive fortifications todefend their own borders.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spring_and_Autumn_Periodhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spring_and_Autumn_Periodhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warring_States_Periodhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warring_States_Periodhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warring_States_Periodhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qi_(state)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yan_(state)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhao_(state)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhao_(state)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yan_(state)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qi_(state)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warring_States_Periodhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warring_States_Periodhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spring_and_Autumn_Periodhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spring_and_Autumn_Periodhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wall
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    The Great Wall of China

    Built to withstand theattack of small armssuch as swords and

    spears, these wallswere made mostly bystamping earth andgravel between board

    frames.

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    The Great Wall of China

    Qin Shi Huang conqueredall opposing states andunified China in 221 BC,establishing the Qin

    Dynasty. Intending toimpose centralized ruleand prevent theresurgence of feudallords, he ordered the

    destruction of the wallsections that divided hisempire along the formerstate borders.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_Shi_Huanghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_Dynastyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_Dynastyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_Dynastyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_Dynastyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_Shi_Huang
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    The Great Wall of China

    To protect the empireagainst intrusions by theXiongnu people from thenorth, he ordered thebuilding of a new wall to

    connect the remainingfortifications along theempire's new northernfrontier. Transporting thelarge quantity of materials

    required for constructionwas difficult, so buildersalways tried to use localresources.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiongnuhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiongnu
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    The Great Wall of China

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