Judicial Branch Article 3 of the Constitution Article 3 of the Constitution Unit 5 Vocabulary

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  • Slide 1
  • Judicial Branch Article 3 of the Constitution Article 3 of the Constitution Unit 5 Vocabulary
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  • Dual Court System Federal Courts State Courts The United States court system based on Federalism. The two court systems are: 1. Federal 2. State Dual Court System
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  • The 4 levels of the VA state court system VA Supreme Court Court of AppealsCircuit CourtDistrict Court SACD
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  • U.S. Supreme Court U.S. Court of Appeals U.S. District Court SAD The organization of the federal courts S upreme Court Appeals Court District Court
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  • The power of the Supreme Court to strike down a law as unconstitutional. The power of the Supreme Court to strike down a law as unconstitutional. Established in the case of Marbury v. Madison Established in the case of Marbury v. Madison
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  • The authority of a court to hear a particular type of case The authority of a court to hear a particular type of case The geographic area in which a court has authority to hear cases. The geographic area in which a court has authority to hear cases. Jurisdiction
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  • A courts authority to be the first point of entry into the court system for a particular kind of legal case.
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  • The authority of a court to hear an appeal of a case from a lower court. The authority of a court to hear an appeal of a case from a lower court.
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  • To ask a higher court to review a case already heard in a lower court.
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  • Established the principal of judicial review Established the principal of judicial review
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  • Supreme Court Hears appeals from state courts and lower federal courts
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  • Court of Appeals Hears appeals and reviews Decisions made in the U.S. District Court
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  • District Courts Hears cases involving: People from different states Disputes between states themselves The Constitution and Constitutional rights Violations of federal laws
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  • Justices Judges that serve at the U.S. Supreme Court or the Virginia Supreme Court.
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  • The constitutional requirement that the government must follow fair rules in a fair manner Due process is guaranteed by the 5 th and 14 th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Due Process
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  • This amendment to the U.S. Constitution says the national government cannot deny any citizen due process of law. Fifth Amendment
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  • justice Fairness or proper treatment under the law Fairness or proper treatment under the law
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  • Week 2 Vocabulary
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  • A serious crime such as murder, kidnapping or armed robbery Felony
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  • misdemeanor A less serious crime or violation of law that carries a maximum sentence of no more than one year injail
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  • Civil Law A legal case in which one party sues Another party in a disagreement, and Asks the court to settle the disagreement
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  • Criminal Law A case in which the government accuses an individual of breaking the law
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  • In a civil case, money being sought by a person or group to compensate them for a wrong or injury done to them by another person or group. Damages
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  • In a trial, the person accused of a crime or the person being sued
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  • In a civil case: the person or group bringing the case to court In a civil case: the person or group bringing the case to court In a criminal case: the plaintiff is the government bringing charges against the accused criminal In a criminal case: the plaintiff is the government bringing charges against the accused criminal
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  • The level of evidence needed to make an arrest or get a search warrant. The evidence must be more than just suspicion, but does not have to be absolute proof that the person committed the crime. Probable Cause