Kanji Grade 1

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  • 8/6/2019 Kanji Grade 1

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    ONEICHI ITSU hito- hito(tsu)

    one

    one person January

    TWONI futa futa(tsu)

    two

    two people

    February

    THREE

    SAN mi mi(tsu) mit(tsu)

    three

    triangle

    three days; third day of the

    month

    FOUR

    SHI yo yo(tsu) yot(tsu) yon

    square, quadrilateral

    four people

    four times

    FIVE

    GO itsu itsu(tsu)

    May

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    five days; 5th of the month

    fifth floor

    SIXROKU mu mu(tsu) mut(tsu) mui six o'clock

    six days; 6th of the month

    hexagon

    SEVEN

    SHICHI nana nana(tsu) nano July

    seven days; 7th of the month

    seven weeks

    EIGHT

    HACHI ya ya(tsu) yat(tsu) you

    eight

    eight days; 8th of the month

    bamboo flute

    NINE

    KYUU KU kokono kokono(tsu)

    nine times

    September

    nine days; 9th of the month

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    TEN

    JUU JIT- too to

    ten o'clock

    full, enough, sufficient

    ten days; 10th of the month

    HUNDREDHYAKU

    100 yen (100

    100 times, hundredfold

    300

    THOUSANDSEN chi

    one thousand yen

    to tear to pieces

    a thousand years, a very longtime

    DAY,SUN, JAPANNICHI JITSU hi -bi -ka

    Sunday

    Japan

    three days ago

    MOON,MONTHGETSU GATSU tsuki

    moon

    Monday

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    December

    FIREKA hi -bi ho-

    Tuesday

    Mars

    fireworks, firecrackers

    WATERSUI mizu mizu-

    Wednesday

    bathing suit, swim suit

    seawater

    TREE,WOODBOKU MOKU ki ko-

    Thursday

    tree

    wooden sword

    METAL,GOLD,MONEYKIN KON kane kana- -gane

    Friday

    money

    metal

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    SOILDO TO tsuchi

    Saturday

    clay (special reading) souvenir

    UPJOU SHOU ue -ue uwa- kami a(geru) a(garu) a(gari) nobo(ru) nobo(ri) nobo(seru)nobo(su)

    on top of that, moreover

    go up, rise

    raise, lift up

    DOWN, UNDER, BASEKA GE shita shimo moto sa(geru) sa(garu) kuda(ru) kada(ri) kuda(su) -kuda(su)kuda(saru) o(rosu) o(riru)

    underline go down, descend

    please

    RIGHT

    U YUU migi

    right side right hand

    right turn

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    LEFTSA hidari

    left side

    left-handedness, left-hander;

    drinker

    left hand

    BIG,GREATDAI TAI oo- oo(kii) oo(ini)

    big, large

    university, college

    mass meeting, tournament

    (special reading) adult

    MIDDLE,INCHUU naka

    center, middle

    back (of body)

    in the morning

    SMALLSHOU chii(sai) ko- o-

    elementary school

    small

    whisper, low voice

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    ENTER,PUTINNYUU i(ru) -i(ru) -i(ri) i(reru) -i(re) hai(ru)

    enter

    put in, insert

    entrance entrance examination

    GO OUT,PUT OUTSHUTSU SUI de(ru) -de da(su) -da(su)

    exit, exit ramp

    memory

    departure, starting out

    MANDAN NAN otoko

    man

    boy

    male, man

    WOMAN

    JO NYO NYOU onna me

    woman

    girl

    goddess

    CHILD,SMALLTHINGSHI SU ko -ko -(k)ko

    girl

    boy

    hat

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    HUMAN BEINGJIN NIN hito -ri -to

    Japanese person

    popularity

    lover, sweetheart

    MOUTHKOU KU kuchi

    mouth

    entrance

    (human) population

    EYE,ITEMMOKU BOKU me -me ma-

    eye alarm clock

    item one

    HAND,HOLDER OFAN OCCUPATIONSHU ZU te te- -te ta-

    hand skilled, good at

    singer

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    EARJI mimi

    ear

    right ear

    left ear

    FOOT,SUFFICESOKU ashi ta(riru) ta(ru) ta(su)

    foot

    ankle

    lack, shortage, insufficiency

    Note: Although foot and leg are both pronounced ashi, the kanji are different. The kanji

    for foot is. The kanji for leg is .

    WHITEHAKU BYAKU shiro shira- shiro(i)

    white (adj.)

    pure white

    confession

    REDSEKI SHAKU aka aka(i) aka(ramu) aka(rameru)

    red (n.)

    red (adj.)

    baby

    BLUE,GREENSEI SHOU ao ao(i)

    blue (adj.)

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    blue sky

    green grass

    STUDY,SCHOOLGAKU mana(bu)

    school

    learn

    math

    SCHOOL,CHECKKOU

    school

    principal, headmaster

    proofreading

    AHEAD

    SEN saki ma(zu)

    teacher, doctor

    last week

    senior, superior

    LIFE, BE BORN,STUDENTSEI SHOU i(kiru) i(kasu) i(keru) u(mareru) u(mare) umare u(mu) o(u) ha(eru) ha(yasu)ki nama

    student, pupil

    teacher, doctor

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    raw foods, uncooked food

    YEARNEN toshi

    every year

    this year

    last year

    MOUNTAINSAN yama

    mountain

    Mt. Fuji

    volcano

    RIVERSEN kawa

    river, stream, brook

    upstream, upriver

    brook, small stream

    FLOWERKA hana

    flower

    fireworks

    vase

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    RAINU ame ama- -same

    rain

    heavy rain

    rain gutter

    RICE FIELDDEN ta

    country, rural district

    rice paddy

    Tanaka (common Japanese last

    name)

    STONE

    SEKI SHAKU KOKU ishi

    small rock

    pebble

    coal

    SHELLFISHkai

    seafood

    shellfish

    shell

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    FORESTRIN hayashi

    small forest; Hayashi (Japaneselast name)

    pine forest

    apple (usually written inhiragana or katakana)

    FOREST (Larger/thicker than hayashi)SHIN mori

    forest, woodland

    SEEKEN mi(ru) mi(eru) mi(seru)

    look, see

    be able to see, be visible

    show, let see

    STAND, ESTABLISHRITSU RYUU ta(tsu) tate- -da(te) -da(teru)

    to stand

    stand out, be conspicuous

    standing up, rising

    RESTKYUU yasu(mu)

    rest, vacation

    holiday, day off

    weekly holiday

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    HEAVENTEN ame ama-

    weather

    angel

    Milky Way

    GAS,SPIRITKI KE

    health, good spirits

    weather

    sickness

    BOOK, BASIS,THIS, ORIGINHON moto

    Japan

    book

    real thing, genuine article

    DOGKEN inu inu-

    dog

    puppy

    watchdog

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    BUG,INSECTCHUU mushi

    bug, insect

    hairy caterpillar

    decayed tooth

    GRASSSOU kusa kusa- -gusa

    grass

    seaweed

    weed

    VEHICLE,WHEELSHA kuruma

    car, vehicle

    bicycle

    train, electric train

    NAMEMEI MYOU na -na

    name

    surname, family name

    famous

    RIGHTSEI SHOU tada(shii) tada(su) masa masa(ni)

    right, correct

    right answer

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    noon

    SOUNDON -NON IN oto ne

    sound

    music

    pronunciation

    EARLY, QUICKSOU SA- haya(i) haya(maru) haya(meru) sa-

    early, quick

    early, quickly

    Good morning.

    KINGOU

    king

    queen, mistress

    Pope

    VILLAGESON mura

    villager

    cities, towns, and villages

    Azuma Village (a village inGunma Prefecture, Japan)

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    TOWNCHOU machi

    town mayor

    cities, towns, and villages Town of Nitta

    BAMBOOCHIKU take

    (or) stilts

    bamboo grove

    (special reading) bamboo sword (used in kendo)

    AIR,SKY, EMPTYKUU sora a(ku) a(ki) a(keru) kara muna(shii)

    airport

    karate

    empty can

    THREADSHI ito

    woolen yarn

    thread end, beginning, clue

    cotton yarn (thread)

    CHARACTERJI aza

    Roman letters

    kanji (Chinese characters)

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    numbers

    EVENINGSEKI yuu

    evening

    supper

    setting sun

    GEM,ROUND OBJECTGYOKU tama tama- -dama

    eyeball

    10 yen coin

    egg (alternate characters)

    LETTER,WRITINGSBUN MON fumi

    (also read) letter, character

    grammar

    literature

    POWERRYOKU RIKI chikara

    human power [strength]

    electrical power

    force, strength, energy

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    CIRCLE,YENEN maru(i) maru

    roundness

    12 yen (12) round, circular