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Key road safety challenges and identification of solutions Safety-Cambodia.pdf · ចចចចចចច ៨៧ ១០៦ ១០៤ ១០៧ ១៣៦ ៦ % - ២៩ ២៧ % ចចចចចចចច

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  • November 2015

    CAMBODIAKey road safety challenges and

    solutions

  • Driving License Helmet wearing & drink

    driving policy

    Law enforcement National action plan Public awareness

    WHAT WE WILL COVER

    2

  • ID rId3

    3200

    1600

    2020

    3

  • Population: above 14 Millions in 2014 Motor vehicles registered:

    1990: 49,450 vehicles 2014: 344,249 vehicles (almost seven time increase) 1990-2014 (cumulative): 2,786,454 Motorcycle: 84% and Car and others mode of vehicles: 16%

    Road Traffic death rate: 14.7/100,000 pop (2014) Leading causes of death:

    Speeding (43%) Drink-driving (17%)

    Vulnerable road users (VRU): 86% of all traffic deaths: Motorcycle users (MC): 73% Pedestrians: 10% and Cyclists: 3%

    Economic loss: $337M ($43M due to drink driving) in 2013, it takes about 2.7% of GDP.

    Introduction

    4

  • Data collection flow of traffic accident

    Injury person

    Hospital or Clinic District Police office

    Ministry of Health

    Ministry of Interior

    Surveillance of road crash injuries in Cambodia (RCVIS)

    5

  • Trend of road traffic death / number of population / vehicles registration 2005-2014

    100200300400500600

    populationregistered vehicles deaths

    6

  • Road Traffic death ratio by population and registration vehicles, 2006-2014

    12.3

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    , , number of death/100.000 pop number of death/10.000 registered vehicles

    14.7

    12.3

    18.1

    9.67.9

    7

  • Comparison of death ratio with neighboring countries 2014

    Cambodia

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    Cambodia Laos Viet Nam

    number of death/100.000 pop number of death/10.000 registered vehicles

    14.9

    10.0

    2.0

    14.7

    7.9 6.7

    5.0

    10.0

    15.0

    20.0

    8

  • Death ratio by time in 24hrs 2014

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  • Number of Road Traffic deaths during main National Holliday in the country 2011-2014

    Khmer new year

    Ancestor day

    water festival

    Chinese new year

    2014201320122011

    20

    40

    60

    80

    100

    10

  • Death ratio by road types 2013

    #

    #

    #

    # # #

    National highway

    Rural road

    Small city road

    Big city road

    Provincial road

    Other

    19

    5

    3

    16

    66

    11

  • Death ratio by road condition 2014

    #

    #

    # # #

    X

    T

    Straight road

    Bent road

    X Junction

    T Junction

    Other

    433

    10

    80

    12

  • Black spot locations in country along the national highways in 2014

    13

  • Road traffic deaths statistic in Phnom Penh City and Provincial Town 2010-2014

    % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % % - % - - -

    % - %

    /

    14

  • % % % % % - - % % - - % % % % - - % % - - % % % - - - % - -

    % %

    Road traffic deaths statistic along the highways 2011-2014

    15

  • 16

    Trend of Road Traffic deaths in Cambodia 2006-2014

    Source: Preliminary RCVIS 2014

    1292

    15451638 1717

    18161905 1966 1950

    2226

    250 287 284 284 279 272 254 290378

    0

    500

    1000

    1500

    2000

    2500

    2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

    Total RT death

    DD

  • Trend of MC deaths (all traffic deaths) %

    of M

    C d

    eath

    s

    72%

    75%

    77%

    71%

    67%66%

    68%69%

    73%

    2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 201417

  • CAMBODIA2014

    18

    86%of all road traffic deaths are pedestrians, cyclists and motorcycles.

    68%73%3%

    10%

    64% of all traffic deaths aged 15-29y

    56% of all MC deaths aged 15-29y

    In 2014, the trend of traffic death has been increasing dramatically for people of young ages from 20 to 24Y (about 23%) in which they have only 11% of the total population. This is the great loss for the country. source: RCIVIS 2014

  • National Strategy and Coordination

    Pillar 6Law

    Enforcement

    Pillar 8Management and evaluation

    on transport service

    Pillar 7Driving

    Licenses

    19

  • Established the National Road Safety Committee (NRSC) on 26 June 2005 RS Core Working Group at the end of 2010 TWG on legislation in 2011

    Launch of UN Decade of Action in 2011 Developed Nat. RS Policy and Action Plan 2011-2020 Amendment of the traffic law ( promulgated on 9 Jan 2015) Alcohol policy and law Improvement of infrastructures.

    National Strategy and Coordination

    20

  • Three key risk factors: Drive over Speeding ( 46%) Non use of helmet (HM)

    Helmet wearing rate among Drivers: 65% Extra seat passengers: 9%

    Only 12% of MC casualties have been wearing helmet during the crash.

    Leading causes of death: head trauma (69%) Drink-driving law enforcement:

    17% of all traffic dead 20% of all MC deaths used to DD

    Key Road Safety Challenges

    21

  • Public awareness: Social marketing:

    Developed TV/radio spots, billboards on HM & DD Awareness workshops

    among youth, moto-taxi drivers, government staff, members of commune councils...

    TV/Radio talk show, televised debate, comedy , songs, drawing competition etc.

    Press conference: Alcohol ad and RTI Journalist training

    National Actions

    22

  • 23

  • Wear a Helmet, Anywhere, and Anytime!Protect yourself from severe head injury!

    24

  • 25

    If You Drink, Dont Drive!

    If you drink and drive, you may end up like this!

  • Major revision: ( more than 50% of articles revised ) now called the new road traffic law ( promulgated on 9 January 2015)

    Helmet: mandating MC passengers to wear helmet

    Fines and Penalties; Increased to five times: Penalties followed criminal code ( 2009)

    Legislation

    26

  • Current RTL (Ch. 3, Article 9)

    Drivers of motorcycle two and three-wheelers (Remork or trailers) must wear helmet.

    Amendments in the NRTL(Ch. 3, Article 8)

    Motorcycle driver and pillion passengers including children age from 3 years old must wear helmets correctly and with quality standard

    Drivers of motorcycle two and three-wheelers must wear helmet correctly (e.g., properly strapping on the helmet).

    Motorcycle can carry two people and one child.

    FINES: (five times increased) Increased fine from 0.75$ to

    $5.

    Status/Issues

    - Fine from 1 stJanuary 2016 ( five times increased)

    Helmet Law

    27

  • Current RTL (Ch. 10, Article 79)

    DD with BrAC content from 0.25mg-039mg per liter of air, or BAC from 0.05g-0.079g/dL of blood will be fined as following:

    - Motorcycles two and three wheelers: Riel 6.000 or $US1.5- Light vehicle (family car, etc): Riel 12000 or $US3- Heavy vehicle (truck, bus, etc): Riel 25000 or $US6.25

    Amendments in the NRTL(Ch. 10, Article 66 )

    DD with BrAC content from 0.25mg-039mg per liter of air, or BAC from 0.05g-0.079g/dL of blood:

    Vehicle will be impounded for 3 days and Fine will be 5 times increased from the current RTL ( A.66). (Fines and penalties will be detailed in the sub-decree).

    Status/Issues

    Will implement on 1st January 2016

    Drink Driving (DD)

    28

  • Capacity building: Traffic police trained on

    enforcement operation Equipped with:

    Alcolyzer, mouthpieces Generators Helmets, reflective vest Traffic batons, etc

    Enforcement operation: HM & DD at evening

    and night times Visible and consistent

    29

    Enforcement Activities

  • Expected outcomes

    Increasing knowledge on road safety system;

    Exchange knowledge and best practices among road users;

    Apply best practices in the country:1- Speeding, alcohol law and helmet enforcement2- Motorcycle clothing3- Data collection on alcohol4- Legislation and tax policy

    30

  • Thank you 31

    CAMBODIAKey road safety challenges and solutions 2 3Introduction Data collection flow of traffic accidentTrend of road traffic death / number of population / vehicles registration 2005-2014 Road Traffic death ratio by population and registration vehicles, 2006-2014Comparison of death ratio with neighboring countries 2014Death ratio by time in 24hrs 2014Number of Road Traffic deaths during main National Holliday in the country 2011-2014Death ratio by road types 2013 Death ratio by road condition 2014Black spot locations in country along the national highways in 2014Road traffic deaths statistic in Phnom Penh City and Provincial Town 2010-2014Road traffic deaths statistic along the highways 2011-2014 16Trend of MC deaths (all traffic deaths) CAMBODIA 2014National Strategy and CoordinationNational Strategy and CoordinationKey Road Safety ChallengesNational Actions 23Wear a Helmet, Anywhere, and Anytime!Protect yourself from severe head injury!If You Drink, Dont Drive!LegislationHelmet LawDrink Driving (DD)Enforcement ActivitiesExpected outcomes 31