Keys Final

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<p>1</p> <p>Keys of HanNanai: aboli.- 1</p> <p>Han-Tungus-prototype: *abduMeaning: 1 cattle, herd 2 household, property 3 cloth, fabric Evenki: abdu 1, 2 Even: abdu. 2, 3 Negidal: abdu.n 1 Spoken Manchu: adun 'herd, flock' (2319) Literary Manchu: adu 3 Evenki: awus 1 Jurchen: ad-hu (551) 3 Even: a:wu.s 1, 2 Orok: abdu. 2 Negidal: awu.s 1, 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *abguUlcha: au.si. 3 Meaning: 1 to pull out, take from 2 (refl.) to appear Nanai: aosi. 3 Even: abgi.n- 2 Oroch: aus/a" 3 Negidal: abgu.- 1 Udighe: auhi 3 Ulcha: aGbu.mbu.- 1, aGbu.n- 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *ac^uOrok: aGbu.nMeaning: 1 to slander, slander 2 to answer Nanai: aGbi.-mboGo- 1, aGbi.ac^i.- 2 Literary Manchu: ac^ux/a-da-, ac^ux/an 1 Oroch: a:bu- 1 Nanai: ac^o:go- 2 (IJ.) Udighe: agbu- 1 Han-Tungus-prototype: *adaHan-Tungus-prototype: *abuMeaning: 1 twins 2 to unite, attach 3 close, neighbour Meaning: 1 to lack, be insufficient 2 to become exhausted, lean 3 to be tired 4 to bleed Negidal: adaxu. 1 Evenki: abul- 1, abu- 4 Even: ab.l- 1 Negidal: abu.l- 1 Literary Manchu: absa- 2, abuliqabi 3 Ulcha: abu.li.- 1 Orok: abu.li.- 1 Literary Manchu: ada- 2, adaki 3 Ulcha: adau. 1 Orok: ada:w 1 Nanai: ada- 2, ado: 1 Oroch: adawu 1 Oroch: abuli- 1 Udighe: abuli- 1 Solon: abu.l- 1 Han-Tungus-prototype: *abusi Meaning: 1 husband of elder sister 2 husband of father's or mother's younger sister 3 brother-in-law, son-in-law</p> <p>2</p> <p>Keys of HanUdighe: aja 1, ai-sigi- 3 Solon: ai, aja 1 Han-Tungus-prototype: *ajaraMeaning: 1 to take off fat (while melting) 2 spoon for taking fat off Ulcha: ajara- 1, ajaraqu. 2</p> <p>Udighe: ada`u 1 (QRST. 204) Han-Tungus-prototype: *aga Meaning: rain Spoken Manchu: aha: (2015) Literary Manchu: aGa Jurchen: ah-ga (8)</p> <p>Nanai: ajarax|o 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *agula:n Han-Tungus-prototype: *ak- / *kaka Meaning: meadow, plain Meaning: 1 man 2 elder brother Evenki: awla:n, ag|la:n Evenki: aka:, akin 2 Even: awln Negidal: awlan Ulcha: awda(n) Spoken Manchu: hah@ 1 (829) Orok: awla(n) Literary Manchu: xaxa 1, axun 2 Nanai: aoda? Jurchen: xaxa-aj (298) 1, axun (axun-un) (286) 2 Oroch: auda, aula Ulcha: aGa 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *aja, *ajuOrok: aGa / aqa 2 Meaning: 1 good 2 handsome, beautiful 3 to save, help Nanai: a: 2 Evenki: aja 1, aj(u:)- 3 Oroch: aka, akin 2 Even: aj 1, aj(i.)- 3 Udighe: aga` 2 (QRST. 203) Negidal: aja 1 Solon: axa:, axin 2 Literary Manchu: aj-lun|Ga 2, aj-sila- 3 Han-Tungus-prototype: *aKa Jurchen: aju-bulu (419) 3 Meaning: loon, diver Ulcha: aja 1 Negidal: axani:. Orok: aja 1, aju.- 3 Literary Manchu: aqa n/exe Nanai: ai, aja: 1 Ulcha: an/i Oroch: aja 1, ai-c^i- 3 Nanai: a:n/i Even: aqa, aq.n 2 Negidal: aga / axa 2</p> <p>3</p> <p>Keys of HanOroch: alu.- 1, alaw- 2 Udighe: alau- 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *albaMeaning: 1 to be unable 2 lazy Evenki: alba- 1 Even: alb.- 1 </p> <p>Han-Tungus-prototype: *alMeaning: 1 dirt 2 to poach (in dirt) 3 bay, shore inlet Evenki: aldi- 2 Orok: ala:q 1 Nanai: alian 3 (IJ.) Han-Tungus-prototype: *ala-</p> <p>Meaning: 1 to cross (a mountain) 2 mountain 3 mountain Negidal: alba- 1 pass 4 ravine Orok: alba- 1 Evenki: ala- 1, alaki:t, alan 3 Nanai: albaqto 2 Even: al.n- 1, al.n 3 Han-Tungus-prototype: *alda-n Negidal: alan- 1, alaxi:.t 3 Meaning: distance between Spoken Manchu: alin 2 (2067) Literary Manchu: andan, aldaLiterary Manchu: alin 2 Jurchen: an-dan-do (816) 'to follow' Jurchen: ali-in (39) 2 Ulcha: alda(n) Nanai: ala 3 (Bik.) Orok: alda(n) Udighe: ala 4 Nanai: alda? Han-Tungus-prototype: *alaOroch: agda(n) Meaning: 1 to tell 2 (caus.) to teach, explain 3 to offer as sacrifice 4 to be responsible 5 royal decree Udighe: agda(n) Evenki: alawu:- 2 Negidal: ala-c^i.- 3 Spoken Manchu: al@- 'to tell, to inform' (1346) Literary Manchu: ala- 1 Jurchen: alawa-gi (576) 5 Ulcha: alau.- 2, 4 Orok: alau.- 2 Nanai: alo:-si.- 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *alga Meaning: net Evenki: alga Literary Manchu: alGan Ulcha: arGa Nanai: alGa Oroch: agga Solon: alga</p> <p>4</p> <p>Keys of HanEvenki: alug| 1 Negidal: aloj 1 Ulcha: a:lu. 1 Orok: allu. 1 Oroch: a:la": ~ a:li 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *amMeaning: 1 quick, quickly 2 to be in time, to catch up 3 to reach, touch Evenki: ama, ama-ka:n 1, amin-, ami-lta"n-</p> <p>Han-Tungus-prototype: *al(i)Meaning: 1 take, receive 2 give, hand over Evenki: al- 1 Even: al- 1 Negidal: al- 1 Spoken Manchu: iali- (1404) Literary Manchu: ali- 1 Jurchen: ali- (242) 2 Ulcha: alu:.- 2 Orok: ali.- 1 Nanai: ali.- 1</p> <p>Even: a:mr.q 1, a:m.lt.n- 2 Spoken Manchu: am@c^@- 2 Literary Manchu: am-bu-, am-c^a- 3</p> <p>Oroch: alo:- 2 Nanai: am-qa-c^i.- 3 Bik. Udighe: ali- 1, alu- 2 Solon: amari: 1 Solon: ali- 1 Han-Tungus-prototype: *ambaHan-Tungus-prototype: *ali-, *alakMeaning: 1 big 2 many 3 very Meaning: 1 to be angry 2 to endure 3 to regret 4 to envy Spoken Manchu: am@ 'big, large' (2398) Evenki: ali- 1 Literary Manchu: amba 1 Even: ale?l- 1 Jurchen: amban (amban-an) (668) 1, amban-lar (724) 2 Negidal: ali.- 1, alaxi.- 4 Ulcha: amba(n) 1, 3 Literary Manchu: al/a- 3 Orok: ambaramz^|i. 3 Ulcha: ali.- 2 Nanai: amba(n) 1 Nanai: ali.- 2, alaqi. 4 Oroch: amba 3 Oroch: ali- 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *amn|a, *amtaSolon: al/e:?-, ali:- 1 Meaning: 1 mouth 2 to taste Han-Tungus-prototype: *aluEvenki: amn|a 1, amta- 2 Meaning: 1 currants 2 a k. of berry (Tp) Rno</p> <p>5</p> <p>Keys of HanHan-Tungus-prototype: *andi Meaning: scoter, a k. of duck</p> <p>Even: amn| 1, amt- 2 Negidal: amn|a 1, amta- 2 Spoken Manchu: an|@ 1 (27), an|a 1</p> <p>Evenki: anni, andi, ende Literary Manchu: an|ga 1 Negidal: ani. Jurchen: am-n|a (494) 1 Nanai: a:ni, a:n|gi (IJ.) 'diver' Ulcha: an|ma 1 Han-Tungus-prototype: *ani:Orok: amn|a / an|ma 1 Meaning: to present a gift Nanai: amGa 1 Evenki: ani:Oroch: amma 1 Even: ani.Udighe: an|ma 1 Ulcha: ajban ( &lt; *ani-pan) 'gift' Solon: amma, angai 1 Han-Tungus-prototype: *an/n|a Han-Tungus-prototype: *anaMeaning: year Meaning: very Evenki: ann|ani: Nanai: anam Even: ann|.n Oroch: ana, ani:, anu Negidal: an/n|ani:. Han-Tungus-prototype: *anda Spoken Manchu: ani (2723) Meaning: friend Literary Manchu: an/a Evenki: anda Jurchen: ania (79) Negidal: anda Ulcha: an/a(n) Literary Manchu: anda Orok: anan/i. Jurchen: al-da-xaj (330) cf. *alda (1-31), an-dan-do (816) 'to follow' Nanai: ajn|an/a, ajn|ani. Ulcha: anda Orok: anda Nanai: anda Oroch: anda Udighe: anda Oroch: ann|an/i Udighe: an|a(n) Solon: an/e:?, an|a Han-Tungus-prototype: *antaga Meaning: slope of a mountain</p> <p>6</p> <p>Keys of HanNanai: an|z^|i.ni. 1, an|Gaz^|a? 2 Oroch: an|nain/i 1, an|az^|a 2 Udighe: an|naxi 1, an|az^|a 2 Solon: an|az^|i? 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *an|aMeaning: 1 wild game 2 mountain ram 3 to graze (of deer) 4 enclosure for deer Evenki: an|a 1, anan| (dial.) 2, an|a- 3, an|an 4</p> <p>Evenki: antag|a Even: ant.g| Negidal: antag|a Literary Manchu: antu Nanai: antaz^|i.a Udighe: anta Han-Tungus-prototype: *anz^|a Meaning: plough Literary Manchu: anz^|a Ulcha: anz^|a</p> <p>Even: an.n| 2, an|- 3 Negidal: an|a- 3 Orok: a:n|a- 3</p> <p>Nanai: anz^|a Han-Tungus-prototype: *an|(g)a Han-Tungus-prototype: *an|aMeaning: net (for catching fish under ice) Meaning: 1 dig 2 crack, hole 3 open Negidal: an|a Evenki: an|a- 1, an|a-/ a:n|a:- 3, an|a 2 Ulcha: an|Ga Even: an|- 1, a:n|a- 3 Orok: an|Ga Negidal: an|a- 1, 3, an|a 2 Nanai: an|ga Ulcha: an|Gala 2 Oroch: an|ga Orok: a:n|Ga- 1 Han-Tungus-prototype: *apa Han-Tungus-prototype: *an|aMeaning: 1 foreigner 2 orphan Evenki: an|naki: 1, an|az^|aka:n 2 Even: an|.z^|a 2 Negidal: an|naxi:. 1, an|az^|axa:n 2 Literary Manchu: anaqu (z^|uj) 2 Ulcha: an|az^|a, an|an/i. 2 Orok: an|ada 2 Meaning: grandfather; uncle (elder brother of father, mother) Negidal: apa Nanai: papa (Naikh.), fafa (Bik.) (redupl.) Han-Tungus-prototype: *apaMeaning: 1 to attack 2 to fight Spoken Manchu: af@- 1 (789) Literary Manchu: afa- 1</p> <p>7</p> <p>Keys of HanEvenki: aran Even: ar.n Spoken Manchu: ar@q@n (2952)</p> <p>Nanai: apa- 1 Solon: apaldi- 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *apka Literary Manchu: arqan Meaning: sky Solon: ara? Spoken Manchu: abka, apka Han-Tungus-prototype: *arka-n Literary Manchu: abqa Meaning: back Jurchen: a-pu-ha Evenki: arkan Nanai: apqa (Kur.-Urm.), afqa (Bik.) Han-Tungus-prototype: *arMeaning: 1 to make, work, construct 2 to come to one's senses 3 to cause fear (Rf an evil ghost), to appear in one's imagination 4 shape, form 5 evil spirit Evenki: arit- 3, aru:- 2, arinka 5 Udighe: aka(n) Even: ar-, ari.- 3, ar- 2, ari.n|q. 5 Negidal: aji. 5 Han-Tungus-prototype: *arpa Spoken Manchu: ar@v@n, ar@vun 'appearance, form' (2342) Literary Manchu: ara- 1, arbun 4, ari 5 Nanai: ari. 5 Han-Tungus-prototype: *araMeaning: 1 open space 2 open ritual court Evenki: arag|an 1 Even: ar.g|.n 1 Ulcha: arac^u. 2 Oroch: ara:c^u 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *araMeaning: scarcely Meaning: barley; oats Literary Manchu: arfa Han-Tungus-prototype: *asi: Meaning: 1 wife of elder brother 2 woman 3 wife Evenki: asi: 2 Even: asi. 2 Negidal: asi: 2 Spoken Manchu: as^@, as@ 3 (908) Literary Manchu: as^a 1 Ulcha: asi. 3 Orok: asi. 2 Solon: arka? Even: arq.n Negidal: ajkan Orok: atta(n) Oroch: akka(n)</p> <p>8</p> <p>Keys of HanNanai: ao- 1, 2 Oroch: a:- 1 Solon: a:-s^/in- 1 Han-Tungus-prototype: *a:buMe a ning: a k. of duck (o-TRSJop) p Even: a:wu.ldu.qa Orok: awu.n|Ga Oroch: aun|a Udighe: aun|ga Han-Tungus-prototype: *a:gaMeaning: 1 arrow point, notch 2 whetstone Evenki: a:g|en 2 Even: a:g|n 2 Negidal: ag|at 1, ag|an 2 Literary Manchu: atan 1 Nanai: an|a? 2 Oroch: a:ta 1, awa 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *a:jMeaning: 1 swift 2 to run quickly 3 to step (on sand, snow) Even: aji.n| 1</p> <p>Nanai: as/a 2 Oroch: asa 2 Udighe: ahanta 2 Solon: as^/e:, as^/i: 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *axiriMeaning: to sweep, rake up snow Ulcha: ax|i.ri.Orok: ax|i.ri.Nanai: ax|i.ri.Han-Tungus-prototype: *az^|i-n Meaning: a k. of salmon Evenki: az^|in Negidal: az^|i.n Literary Manchu: az^|in Ulcha: az^|i.(n) Orok: az^|i.(n) Nanai: az^|i.? Oroch: az^|i.(n) Udighe: az^|i(n) Han-Tungus-prototype: *a:(b)Meaning: 1 to sleep 2 to lie 3 to entertain</p> <p>Literary Manchu: aja- 2 Evenki: a:- 1 Orok: aja-mu.nz^|i. 1 Even: awu.n- 3 Nanai: a:i- 3 (IJ. 30) Negidal: a:- 1 Han-Tungus-prototype: *a:liUlcha: au.- ~ aw- 1, 2 Meaning: to get tired Orok: a:(wu.)- 1, 2 Negidal: a:li:.-</p> <p>9</p> <p>Keys of HanLiterary Manchu: omo 1 Jurchen: omo (45) 1 Nanai: amoa? 1 Oroch: amu 1</p> <p>Ulcha: a:l(i.)Orok: a:li.Nanai: a:li.Han-Tungus-prototype: *a:li-</p> <p>Meaning: 1 to crumble (of earth, snow) 2 to kill an animal Udighe: amuli 'name of a river' (QRST. 207) (after a long hunt) Solon: amu.z^|i 1, amur 2 Negidal: a:li.-w- 1 Han-Tungus-prototype: *a:(n)Udighe: ali- 2, alip- 'to become spoiled (of meat)' (QRST. 205, 206) Meaning: not Han-Tungus-prototype: *a:mMeaning: 1 to sleep 2 to be sleepy Evenki: a:me- 2 Even: a:mol- 2 Negidal: a:ma- 2 Spoken Manchu: am@h@- 1 (528) Literary Manchu: amga- / amxa- 1 Ulcha: amasi.- 2 Orok: a:ma- 2 Nanai: a:malo-, a:masi.- 2 Oroch: a:ma-si- 2 Udighe: amahi 2 Han-Tungus-prototype: *a:muMeaning: 1 lake 2 river Evenki: a:mut 1 Even: amar, a:ma:r 2 Negidal: amu.t 1 Spoken Manchu: om@ 1 (2082) Evenki: a:c^in Even: a:n, a:c^ Negidal: a:c^in Spoken Manchu: aqu (3017) Literary Manchu: aqu Jurchen: a-c?wi (705) Ulcha: ana Orok: ana Nanai: ana: Oroch: ana Udighe: anc^i Solon: as^/i? Han-Tungus-prototype: *a:n/iMeaning: 1 to enjoy 2 feast Even: a:n/i.- 1 Nanai: an/a: 2 (IJ.) Han-Tungus-prototype: *a:n|(gi)Meaning: right</p> <p>10</p> <p>Keys of HanEvenki: bagda-ma, -rin 1, bag|urin 2 Even: ba:wu.n, ba:i. 2</p> <p>Evenki: ann|u:, a:n/n|u: Even: a:ng.g| Negidal: an/n|i.-da: Solon: bagdarin, bogdarin 1 Ulcha: anz^|i. Han-Tungus-prototype: *bajOrok: a:n/z^|e: Meaning: rock, cliff Nanai: a:n|gi.a Evenki: bajtu Oroch: a:n/z^|a" Han-Tungus-prototype: *baj-li Udighe: ajan|az^|a Meaning: favour, mercy Solon: angida Literary Manchu: bajli Han-Tungus-prototype: *a:z^|iHan-Tungus-prototype: *baKMeaning: 1 first child 2 small child 3 the most Meaning: 1 separate 2 to break, divide bread Even: a:z^|i.n 1 Evenki: bakla 1 Spoken Manchu: az^|ig@ 2 (2403) Literary Manchu: az^|i-ge 2, az^|i 1 Nanai: az^|i:. 3, az^|i.-go- 'SR~ p'nJS Udighe: az^|iga 'girl' Han-Tungus-prototype: *baMeaning: 1 to propose for marriage 2 proposed for marriage since childhood Evenki: ba- 1 Han-Tungus-prototype: *baKaLiterary Manchu: ba-c^ixi 2 Meaning: to find, obtain Han-Tungus-prototype: *badara Evenki: bakaMeaning: dun-bird Even: baqEvenki: badara Negidal: baxaHan-Tungus-prototype: *bagSpoken Manchu: bah@- (1562) Meaning: 1 white 2 clear (of sky, weather) Literary Manchu: bax|aMeaning: 1 muscles of thigh 2 knucklebone (of a horse); fetlock Literary Manchu: baqalaz^|i 2 Nanai: bagdixi?. 1 Even: be:kl 1 Nanai: baqta- 2 (dial.) Han-Tungus-prototype: *baKNegidal: bagdaji:n 1</p> <p>11</p> <p>Keys of HanOrok: balz^|i.Nanai: balz^|i.Oroch: ba:gdiUdighe: bagdiSolon: baldiHan-Tungus-prototype: *baliMeaning: sable (one year old) Evenki: balini Han-Tungus-prototype: *ban|-salaMeaning: to kick Literary Manchu: bas^ilaUlcha: basalaOrok: basalaNanai: ban|salaOroch: ban|salaUdighe: ban|c^alaHan-Tungus-prototype: *baraMeaning: 1 many 2 to increase 3 capacious Evenki: bara-ma 1, bara-l- 2 Even: baran 3 Negidal: baja 1 Literary Manchu: baran 1 Orok: bara 1 Solon: bara: 1 Han-Tungus-prototype: *bargiMeaning: 1 opposite 2 enemy, inimical</p> <p>Jurchen: baxa-biar 'obtain' (366) Ulcha: ba:Orok: ba:Nanai: ba:Oroch: ba:Udighe: ba`- (QRST. 210) Solon: baxaHan-Tungus-prototype: *baksa Meaning: prop, central pole Evenki: baksa Ulcha: baqsa Nanai: baqsa Han-Tungus-prototype: *balaMeaning: ancient, earlier Ulcha: balana Orok: balana Nanai: balana Han-Tungus-prototype: *baldiMeaning: to bear, be born Evenki: baldiEven: bald. Negidal: baldi.Spoken Manchu: banz^|i-, banz^|@- (694, 2146) Literary Manchu: banz^|iJurchen: boldi-xaj (388) Ulcha: baldi.-</p> <p>12</p> <p>Keys of HanNegidal: batu.xi.n Ulcha: batu.xu.n Nanai: bartoxi.? Oroch: ba:tuxa": Udighe: batixi Han-Tungus-prototype: *batu-n Meaning: frozen soil Evenki: batun Even: bat.n Literary Manchu: batun Ulcha: ba:tu.(n) Nanai: bato? Han-Tungus-prototype: *baz^|iMeaning: early Evenki: baz^|i-kir Even: baz^| Negidal: baz^|i.g| Oroch: ba:z^|ika Udighe: baz^|i Han-Tungus-prototype: *ba:da Meaning: 1 face 2 shape, form, colour Evenki: ba:de 1 Even: ba:d 1, 2 Nanai: ba:do 'opposite to', ba:do-ba:do 'face to face' Han-Tungus-prototype: *ba:gba Meaning: 1 stake, bar, spear 2 to delve with a stake, spear</p> <p>Evenki: bargi: 1, bargu:k 2 Even: barg.g| 1, barg.q 2 Negidal: bajgi.- 1, bajgu.n 2 Literary Manchu: baz^|i-la 1, baqc^in 1, 2 Jurchen: bai-z^|u-mij di:- 'to be inimical' (797) Ulcha: baz^|i. 1, baz^|u.(n) 2 Orok: baz^|z^|e:? 1 Nanai: bajGi. 1, bajGo:(n) 2 Oroch: baggi- 1, baz^|ug|i 2 Udighe: baga" 1, bagia 2 Solon: bargi:Han-Tungus-prototype: *baru-n Meaning: 1 thick 2 round, full Even: baru.-n 1 Literary Manchu: barun 2 Nanai: baro? (Kur-Urm.) 2 Oroch: bau(n) 1 Udighe: bau 1 Han-Tungus-prototype: *basaMeaning: payment Literary Manchu: basa, base Han-Tungus-prototype: *bas^aMeaning: to drive, urge Literary Manchu: bas^aHan-Tungus-prototype: *batu-kin Meaning: rope (made of bark)</p> <p>13</p> <p>Keys of Ha...</p>