KICKING GAME. FORCE. Responsibility for forcing the ball from the field of play across a goal line is attributed to the player who carries, snaps, passes, fumbles or kicks the ball, unless a new force is applied to a grounded backward pass, kick or fumble. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
FORCEResponsibility for forcing the ball from the field of play
across a goal line is attributed to the player who carries, snaps,
passes, fumbles or kicks the ball, unless a new force is applied to
a grounded backward pass, kick or fumble.
The muffing or batting of a pass, kick or fumble in flight is
not considered a new force
RULE 8-5-art 1
Force can be categorized into two types Initial force
New force3Initial ForceCarryFumbleKickPassSnap
4New ForceCan occur after a backward pass, fumble or kick has
been grounded.May result from:
5Now What?Whos responsible for putting the ball across the goal
line?It is attributed to the player who carries, snaps, passes,
fumbles or kicks the ball.UNLESSA new force is applied to either a
backward pass, kick or fumble that has beenGROUNDED.6Remember,
grounded.A muff, bat of a pass, kick or fumble in
IS NOT Considered a new force.7Force is not a factorOn kicks
going into Rs end zone.When a backward pass or fumble is declared
dead in the EZ of the opponent of the player who passed or fumbled,
with no player possession. 8MOMENTUMWhen a defensive player
intercepts an opponents forward pass, intercepts or recovers an
opponents fumble or backward pass, or an R player catches or
recovers a scrimmage kick or free kick between his five yard line
and the goal line and his original momentum carries him into the
end zone where the ball is declared dead in his teams possession or
it goes out of bounds in the end zone, the ball belongs to the team
in possession at the spot where the pass or fumble was intercepted
or recovered or the kick was caught or recovered.
Rule 8-5-2a exception
9 Got Momentum?Dont panic! Drop bean bag at spot of recovery if
momentum rule applies.
10Things to remember:Be sure and bean bag spot of recovery.Keep
officiating & maintain good position.Communicate with crew on
what happened with the play when momentum applies.SLOW WHISTLE.
11TOUCHBACKIt is a touchback if any free kick or scrimmage
A. Which is not a scoring attempt or which is a grounded three
point field goal attempt, breaks the plane of Rs goal line, unless
R chooses a spot of first touching by K.
B. Which is a three point field goal attempt, in flight touches
a K player in Rs end zone, or after breaking the plane of Rs goal
line is unsuccessful.
C. If any free kick or scrimmage kick becomes dead in the
kickers end zone while no player has possession, it is a safety or
D. Any scrimmage kick or free kick becomes dead on or behind Ks
goal line with the ball in possession of K (including when the ball
is declared dead with no player in possession) and the new force is
Rs muff or bat of the kick after it has touched the ground
E. A fumble is the force, or a muff or bat of a backward pass or
a fumble after either has touched the ground is the new force,
which send the ball to or across the opponent's goal line and
provided such opponent is in team possession or the ball is out of
bounds when it becomes dead on or behind its goal line.
F. A forward pass is intercepted in Bs end zone and becomes dead
there in Bs possession
Table 6-4Result of Activities during Scrimmage Kicks and Free
KicksScrimmage KickFree KickKick recovered beyond the neutral zone
may be advanced only by R.Kick recovered in or behind the neutral
zone may be advanced by either team.Kick not recovered by either
team belongs to R.Kick jointly recovered by R and K belongs to R.A
kickoff including the kick following a safety, cannot score a field
goal.Kick following a fair catch or awarded fair catch may score a
field goal.Kick may not be advanced by K.Kick not recovered by
either team belongs to R.Kick jointly recovered by R and K belongs
to R.NOTE: K is in team possession during a kick. A kick ends when
a player gains possession or when the ball becomes dead by rule. R
gains possession of the ball when a player of R catches or recovers
the live ball.IF THE KICK BECOMES DEAD IN RS END ZONETouchback in
all cases unless a field goal is scored.IF THE KICK BECOMES DEAD IN
KS END ZONEIf the force is:The kick or any other new force by
A new force by R.Then the ruling is:Safety, if the kick is out
of bounds or K has possession, including when the ball is loose or
Touchdown if R is in possession.Touchback, if the kick is out of
bounds, or K has possession, including when the ball is loose, or
Touchdown if R is in possessionFIRST TOUCHINGIf any K player
touches a free kick before it crosses Rs free kick line and before
it is touched there by any R player, it is referred to as first
touching of the kick
Results R may take the ball at the spot of first touching, or
any spot if there are more than one spot of first touching or they
may choose to have the ball put in play as determined by the action
which follows first touching.
Such touching is ignored if it is caused by R pushing or
blocking K into contact with the ball. The right of R to take the
ball at the spot of first touching by K is cancelled if R touches
the kick and thereafter during the down commits a foul or if the
penalty is accepted for any foul committed during the down.
Free Kick 1st touchingK touches FK before it crosses Rs FK line
& before kick is touched by R.1st touching is ignored if R
pushes or blocks K into ball.1st touching is cancelled if R touches
kick & then commits a foul or accepted penalty for any foul
during the down.15Rs Options?May take ball at spot of 1st
touching.Or any spot of 1st touching if there is more than one spot
of 1st touching.Or result of the play.16Scrimmage Kick 1st
touchingK touches a scrimmage kick that:Goes beyond expanded NZ to
Rs GL &Before it is touched by R beyond the NZ &Before ball
has come to rest.
Such touching is ignored if R:Pushes or BLOCKS K into the
ball.17Rs options May take ball at spot of 1st touching.Or any spot
of 1st touching if there is more than one spot of 1st touching.Or
result of the play.18If you have 1st touching on a FK or SKremember
toMake sure it was K that touched it 1st.Drop bean bag on yard line
of 1st touching.Keep officiating.SLOW WHISTLE.Notify Referee you
have a spot of 1st touching.19
FAIR CATCHA fair catch is a catch by a receiver of a free kick
in or beyond the neutral zone to the receivers goal line, or of a
scrimmage kick beyond the neutral zone to the receivers goal line,
after a valid signal, under conditions in which the receiver
forfeits the right to advance the ball in return for protection
from being blocked or tackled by an opponent.
An awarded fair catch occurs when the offended team chooses to
take the ball at the spot of the kick catching interference rather
than accepting the distance penalty from the previous spot and
replaying the down.
A valid fair catch signal is the extending and lateral waving of
one arm at full arms length above the head, by any R player.
An invalid fair catch signal is any signal by a receiver before
the kick is caught or recovered.a. That does not meet the
requirements of a valid signal.b. After the kick has touched the
ground.c. After the kick has touched a receiver.
An illegal fair catch signal is a signal by a runner.a. After
the kick has been caught.b. After the kick has been recovered.
FAIR CATCHAny receiver may signal for a fair catch while any
legal kick is in flight. Any receiver who has given a valid or
invalid fair catch signal is prohibited from blocking until the
kick has ended.
It is a fair catch and the ball is dead if any receiver gives a
valid fair catch signal and he catches a free kick in or beyond the
neutral zone to Rs goal line, or a scrimmage kick beyond the
neutral zone to Rs goal line.
Only the receiver who gives a valid signal is afforded
protection. If after a receiver signals, the catch is made by a
teammate, it is not a fair catch but the ball becomes dead.
FAIR CATCHThe captain may choose to free kick or snap anywhere
between the hash marks on the yard line through the spot of the
catch when a fair catch is made or through the spot of
interference, when a fair catch is awarded. These choices remain in
affect if a dead-ball foul occurs prior to the down, or a foul or
an inadvertent whistle occurs during the down and the down is to
No receiver may advance the ball after a valid or invalid fair
catch signal has been given by any R player.
While any free kick is in flight in or beyond the neutral zone
to the receivers goal line, or any scrimmage kick is in flight
beyond the neutral zone to the receivers goal line, K shall not:a.
Touch the ball or R, unless blocked into the ball or R, or to ward
of a blocker: orb. Obstruct Rs pass to the ball
NOTE; This prohibition applies even when no fair catch signal is
given, but does not apply after a free kick has been touched by a
receiver, or after a scrimmage kick has been touched by a receiver
who was clearly beyond the neutral zone at the time of
touching.EXCEPTION - K may catch, touch, muff, or bat a scrimmage
kick in flight beyond the neutral zone if no player or R is in
position to catch the ball.
By giving a fair catch signal, R is giving up his right to
advance the kick.
B position slightly behind of and to the side of receiver on Ls
side of field. F and S line up 5 yards in front of receiver
watching keys (widest gunners for K)B brief receiver on his fair
catch provisions. View initial trajectory of ball & then eyes
on kick returner.
24Fair Catch signal given & madeSlow whistleGive time out
signalBean bag spotInform Referee of FC made.
25Fair Catch signal given & not madeStay with ball.Be aware
of 1st touching by K.Kick is dead when it breaks plane of Rs
GLInform Referee of ball status.26Things to remember:No blocking
allowed by a receiver if he gives a valid or invalid FC signal
until the kick has ended.Ball is dead if FC signal is given &
ball is caught or recovered.Only receiver giving signal is afforded
protection. Other receiver catches(ball dead)Watch for muff by R
& slow whistle. K cannot advance a muff.27Valid? Invalid? Or
Illegal?Valid: One arm high and waving.
Invalid: Signal given before ball is caught or recovered: A.
that doesnt meet valid requirements B. After the kick has touched a
receiver C. After the kick has touched the groundIllegal: Signal
given by a runner: A. After the kick has been caught B. After the
kick has been recovered28No advancement after valid or invalid FC
signal.Slow whistle, dont anticipate.Bean bag end of kick.29
FIELD GOALSA field goal is scored as follows:
a. The field goal attempt shall be a place kick or a drop kick
from scrimmage, or from a free kick following a fair catch, or an
awarded fair catch.
b. The kicked ball shall not touch any player of K beyond the
neutral zone or the ground before passing through the goal.
c. The kicked ball shall pass between the vertical uprights or
the inside of the uprights extended and above the crossbar of the
After a field goal, the opponent of the scoring team shall
designate which team shall kickoff.
Alabama High School Athletic AssociationBasic Positions For Kick
Trys and Field GoalsCrew of
BoxBJ33LJ33Alabama High School Athletic AssociationBasic Positions
For Kick Trys and Field GoalsCrew of
Goal Points to rememberBe comfortable behind your upright.Count
team and B time 25 sec. count.B rule on your upright &
crossbar.F rule on your upright.S moves in to double Umpire.Whistle
successful kick or unsuccessful kick that breaks GL plane.B
Communicate with F verbally & visually.Move straight out, stop
LONG RETURNSREVERSE MECHANICS