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<ul><li><p>Front MatterSource: Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, Vol. 352, No. 1358, Knowledge-basedVision in Man and Machine (Aug. 29, 1997), p. 1115Published by: The Royal SocietyStable URL: .Accessed: 03/05/2014 21:27</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact</p><p> .</p><p>The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to PhilosophicalTransactions: Biological Sciences.</p><p> </p><p>This content downloaded from on Sat, 3 May 2014 21:27:44 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p></p></li><li><p>ISSN 0962-8436 </p><p>'Rtyat Jbciy </p><p>Philosophical Transactions: </p><p>Biological Sciences </p><p>Knowledge-based vision in man and machine </p><p>A Discussion organized and edited by J. Anderson, H. B. Barlow and R. L. Gregory </p><p>Volume 352 Pages 1115-1290 Number 1358 29 August 1997 </p><p>Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London SERIES B </p><p>This content downloaded from on Sat, 3 May 2014 21:27:44 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p></p></li><li><p>PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS: BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Editor: Professor S. Zeki </p><p>EDITORIAL BOARD </p><p>DR Q. BONE, Marine Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB DR G. A. BOXSHALL, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD PROFESSOR G. FRYER, Elleray Cottage, Windermere, Cumbria LA23 lAW PROFESSOR J. P. HUGHES, Parke-Davis Neuroscience Research Centre, Addenbrookes Hospital Site, Hills Road, </p><p>Cambridge CB1 2QB PROFESSOR T. M. JESSELL, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Research Laboratories, Columbia University College of Physicians </p><p>and Surgeons, Hammer Health Sciences Center, 10th Floor, 701 West 168th Street, New York, New York 10032, USA SIR JOHN MADDOX, 9 Pitt Street, London W8 4NX PROFESSOR K. L. MAGLEBY, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Miami School of Medicine, </p><p>P.O. Box 016430 (R-430), Miami, Florida 33101, USA PROFESSOR J. G. NICHOLLS, Biocenter, Universitat Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 70, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland PROFESSOR J. M. O'KEEFE, Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, University College London, Gower Street, </p><p>London WC1E 6BT PROFESSOR G. B. PETERSEN, Department of Biochemistry, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand PROFESSOR J. M. RITCHIE, Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, Sterling Hall of Medicine, </p><p>333 Cedar Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06510-8066, USA PROFESSOR S. ROSE, Department of Biology, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA PROFESSOR L. WEISKRANTZ, Department of Experimental Psychology, South Parks Road, Oxford OXI 3UD </p><p>NOTICE TO AUTHORS </p><p>Scope. Philosophical Transactions Series B concentrates on invited Discussions, Themes and Reviews concerning any aspect of biological science. Proposals for Themes and Reviews are welcomed for consideration by the Editor. These should be sent to our Editorial Office at the address given below. The journal is complementary to Proceedings Series B, which considers unsolicited papers in the same subject. Publication. We aim to publish papers within five to seven months of receipt The journal is published monthly in a two-column format, allowing flexibility of presentation. Editorial address: Editorial Office, Philosophical Transactions B, The Royal Society, 6 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG, UK (tel: +44 (0)171 839 5561; fax: +44 (0)171 976 1837; e-mail: Web address: </p><p>COPYRIGHT ? 1997 The Royal Society </p><p>Except as otherwise permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication may only be reproduced, stored or transmitted, in any form or by any means, with the prior permission in writing of the publisher, or, in the case of repro- graphic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of a licence issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. In particular, the Society permits the making of a single photocopy of an article from this issue (under Sections 29 and 38 of the Act) for an indi- vidual for the purposes of research or private study. </p><p>SUBSCRIPTIONS </p><p>Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Series B (ISSN 0962-8436) is published in monthly parts. The subscription price for 1997, including postage, is ?654 (U.S. $1064) in the UK and European Union, ?697 (U.S. $1115) in the USA and Canada, and ?716 (U.S. $1146) in all other countries. Air-speeded post is included for overseas subscribers. Full details of subscriptions may be obtained on request from the Publications Sales and Marketing Department, The Royal Society, 6 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG, UK (Tel. +44(0) 171 839 5561, ext. 2645; Fax. 0171 976 1837). The Royal Society is Registered Charity no. 207043. </p><p>This content downloaded from on Sat, 3 May 2014 21:27:44 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p></p></li><li><p>Knowledge-based vision in man and machine </p><p>A DISCUSSION ORGANIZED AND EDITED BY J. ANDERSON, H. B. BARLOW AND R. L. GREGORY </p><p>Discussion held 12 and 13 February 1997 </p><p>CONTENTS PAGE </p><p>INTRODUCTION 1117 </p><p>R. L. GREGORY Knowledge in perception and illusion 1121 </p><p>J. A. D. W. ANDERSON </p><p>Representing geometrical knowledge 1129 </p><p>H. B. BARLOW The knowledge used in vision and where it comes from 1141 </p><p>M. CARANDINI, H. B. BARLOW, L. P. O'KEEFE, A. B. POIRSON </p><p>ANDJ. A. MOVSHON </p><p>Adaptation to contingencies in macaque primary visual cortex 1149 </p><p>D. KERSTEN </p><p>Perceptual categories for spatial layout 1155 </p><p>D. CLIFFANDJ. NOBLE </p><p>Knowledge-based vision and simple visual machines 1165 </p><p>G. E. HINTON AND Z. GHAHRAMANI Generative models for discovering sparse distributed representations 1177 </p><p>S. EDELMAN AND S. DUVDEVANI-BAR A model of visual recognition and categorization 1191 </p><p>I. BIEDERMAN AND P. KALOCSAI </p><p>Neurocomputational bases of object and face recognition 1203 </p><p>C. FRITH AND R. J. DOLAN Brain mechanisms associated with top-down processes in perception 1221 </p><p>M. F. LAND AND S. FURNEAUX The knowledge base of the oculomotor system 1231 </p><p>M. BRADY The forms of knowledge mobilized in some machine vision systems 1241 </p><p>A. D. MILNER Vision without knowledge 1249 </p><p>A. F. BOBICK </p><p>Movement, activity and action: the role of knowledge in the perception of motion 1257 </p><p>C. J. TAYLOR, T. F. COOTES, A. LANITIS, G. EDWARDS, P. SMYTH AND A. C. W. KOTCHEFF </p><p>Model-based interpretation of complex and variable images 1267 </p><p>G. W. HUMPHREYS, M. J. RIDDOCH AND C. J. PRICE </p><p>Top-down processes in object identification: evidence from experimental psychology, neuropsychology and functional anatomy 1275 </p><p>A. PENTLAND Content-based indexing of images and video 1283 </p><p>1115 </p><p>This content downloaded from on Sat, 3 May 2014 21:27:44 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p></p><p>Article Contentsp. nilp. nilp. 1115</p><p>Issue Table of ContentsPhilosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, Vol. 352, No. 1358, Knowledge-based Vision in Man and Machine (Aug. 29, 1997), pp. 1115-1290Front Matter [pp. 1115 - 1115]Introduction [pp. 1117 - 1120]Knowledge in Perception and Illusion [pp. 1121 - 1127]Representing Geometrical Knowledge [pp. 1129 - 1139]The Knowledge Used in Vision and Where It Comes from [pp. 1141 - 1147]Adaptation to Contingencies in Macaque Primary Visual Cortex [pp. 1149 - 1154]Perceptual Categories for Spatial Layout [pp. 1155 - 1163]Knowledge-Based Vision and Simple Visual Machines [pp. 1165 - 1175]Generative Models for Discovering Sparse Distributed Representations [pp. 1177 - 1190]A Model of Visual Recognition and Categorization [pp. 1191 - 1202]Neurocomputational Bases of Object and Face Recognition [pp. 1203 - 1219]Brain Mechanisms Associated with Top-Down Processes in Perception [pp. 1221 - 1230]The Knowledge Base of the Oculomotor System [pp. 1231 - 1239]The Forms of Knowledge Mobilized in Some Machine Vision Systems [pp. 1241 - 1248]Vision without Knowledge [pp. 1249 - 1256]Movement, Activity and Action: The Role of Knowledge in the Perception of Motion [pp. 1257 - 1265]Model-Based Interpretation of Complex and Variable Images [pp. 1267 - 1274]Top-Down Processes in Object Identification: Evidence from Experimental Psychology, Neuropsychology and Functional Anatomy [pp. 1275 - 1282]Content-Based Indexing of Images and Video [pp. 1283 - 1290]Back Matter</p></li></ul>