Kyung Rae Min

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    IMO Activities to enhance

    Maritime Security

    Captain KyungRae Min

    Head, Cargoes and Facilitation Section

    Maritime Safety Division

    IMO

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    11 September 2001

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    Resolution A.924(22)(20 November 2001)

    - A call for a review of measures andprocedures to prevent acts of terrorismwhich threatenthe security of passengerand crews and the safety of ships;

    - A boost to the Organizations technical

    co-operation programme of 1.5 millionto help developing countries to addressmaritime securing issues.

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    LimburgOctober 2002

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    Diplomatic ConferenceDecember 2002

    Conference resolution 1

    Amendments to SOLAS

    Chapter V

    Chapter XI-1

    Chapter XI-2

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    Diplomatic Conference

    December 2002Conference resolution 2

    International Ship &Port Facility Security Code

    (ISPS Code)

    Part AMandatory

    Part B - Recommendatory

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    Diplomatic ConferenceDecember 2002 (1)

    Other Conference resolutions:

    Resolution 3 .-Further work by the InternationalMaritime Organization pertaining to the enhancement of

    maritime security; Resolution 4 .-Future amendments to Chapters XI-1

    and XI-2 of the 1974 SOLAS Convention on specialmeasures to enhance maritime safety and security;

    Resolution 5 .-Promotion of technical co-operationand assistance;

    Resolution 6 .-Early implementation of the specialmeasures to enhance maritime security;

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    Diplomatic ConferenceDecember 2002 (2)

    Resolution 7 .-Establishment of appropriate measuresto enhance the security of ships, port facilities, mobileoffshore drilling units on location and fixed and floatingplatforms not covered by chapter XI-2 of the 1974 SOLASConvention;

    Resolution 8 .-Enhancement of security in co-operationwith the International Labour Organization;

    Resolution 9 .-Enhancement of security in co-operationwith the World Customs Organization;

    Resolution 10 .-Early implementation of long-rangeships identification and tracking; and

    Resolution 11 .-Human element-related aspects andshore leave for seafarers.

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    SOLAS Chapter XI-2 (1)

    Regulations:

    1 Definitions

    2 Application

    3 Obligations of Contracting Governmentswith respect to maritime security

    4 Requirements for Companies and ships5 Specific responsibility for Companies

    6 Ship security alert system

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    ISPS Code (1)

    Preamble

    Part A and Part B

    1 General (introduction, objectives andfunctional requirements) / Introduction

    2 Definitions

    3 Application

    4 Responsibilities of ContractingGovernments

    5 Declaration of security

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    ISPS Code (2)

    6 Obligations of the Company

    7 Ship security

    8 Ship security assessment9 Ship security plan

    10 Records

    11 Company security officer

    12 Ship security officer

    13 Training, drills and exercises on ship

    security

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    ISPS Code (3)

    14 Port facility security

    15 Port facility security assessment

    16 Port facility security plan17 Port facility security officer

    18 Training, drills and exercises on port

    facility security19 Verification and certificationfor ships

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    Rationale

    -- Risk management activity

    - Appropriate security measures

    - Risk assessment

    - ISPS Code standard framework evaluating risk

    change threat level

    change vulnerability of ships/port facility

    - Functional security requirements forships and port facilities

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    Responsibilities of Governments (1)

    - Determination ofPort Facilities

    - DesignatedAuthorities

    - Recognised

    SecurityOrganizations

    (RSOs)

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    Responsibilities of Governments (2)

    Three security levels:

    Security Level 1, normal: at which shipsand port facilities normally operate

    Security Level 2, heightened: applying aslong as there is a heightened risk of a

    security incident

    Security Level 3, exceptional: applying forthe period of time when there is the probable

    or imminent risk of a security incident

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    Responsibilities of Governments (3)

    - Port Facility Security Assessment

    - Approval of security plans

    - Communication of information

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    Responsibilities of Governments (4)

    - Verification and certification for ships

    - International Ship Security Certificate

    (ISSC)

    - Seafarer identification document

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    Responsibilities of Governments (5)

    - Port statecontrol

    - Additional

    controlmeasures

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    Responsibilities of the Company

    and the Ship (1)- Company security

    officer (CSO)

    - Ship securityofficer (SSO)

    - Ship securityassessment (SSA)

    - Ship securityplan(s) (SSP)

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    Responsibilities of the Company

    and the Ship (2)

    - International Ship Security Certificate

    (ISSC)

    - Automatic identification system (AIS)

    - Ship security alert system (SSAS)

    - Declaration of Security (DoS)

    - Training

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    Responsibilities of the Port

    Facility (1)- Port facility security

    assessment (PFSA)

    - Port facility securityofficer (PFSO)

    - Port facility security

    plan(s) (PFSP)

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    Responsibilities of PFSO (1)

    - Operational andphysical security

    measures- Respond to

    security level

    - Declaration ofsecurity (DoS)

    - Training

    ISPS Code

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    ISPS Code

    Set Security Level

    Manage DifferentSecurity Level

    Request Declaration

    of Security

    PFSA

    ContractingGovernment

    Port FacilitySecurity Officer

    CompanySecurity Officer

    Ship SecurityOfficer

    Localdministrator

    SSA

    PFSP

    SSP

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    SOLAS AMENDMENTS

    AND THE ISPS CODEENTRY INTO FORCE

    1 JULY 2004

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    Recent Progress

    MSC 77 (1)

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    Provision of SSASMSC/Circ.1072

    Directives for MRCCs on acts of

    violenceMSC/Circ 1073 Interim guidelines for the

    authorization of RSOsMSC/Circ 1074

    Revised performance standards forSSASMSC.147(77)

    Amendments to resolution A.890 SafeManning

    MSC 77 (1)(May/June 2003)

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    Guidance on implementation

    of SOLAS XI-2 and ISPS Code

    (MSC/Circ.1097) Mobile and immobile floating units

    International Ship Security Certificate

    Issuance

    Subsequent failures or suspension

    Training and Certification

    Implementation of the new regime

    MSC 77 (2)(May/June 2003)

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    Future Work Programme

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    - Long-range identification/tracking

    - Functional requirements

    - Carriage requirements

    - Co-operation between IMO/WCO

    - Co-operation between IMO/ILO

    - Seafarer ID

    - Joint ILO/IMO WG on Port Security

    Future Work Programme(1)

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    - Model courses for CSO, SSO andPFSO

    - Review of resolutions A.787 andA.882 (Port State Control)

    - Guidance on control andcompliance

    - Further guidance on uniform andconsistent implementation of SOLASXI-2 and ISPS

    Future Work Programme(2)

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    - Review of facilitation aspects

    - FAL Forms

    - EDI

    - Review of resolution A.872

    Prevention and suppression of illicit

    smuggling of drugs

    Future Work Programme(3)

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    - Review of cargo related IMO instruments:

    1 Recommendations on the safe transport of dangerous

    cargoes and related activities in port areas(MSC/Circ.675);

    2 IMO/ILO/UNECE Guidelines for packing of CTUs

    (MSC/Circ.787); and

    3 Model course on safe packing of CTUs (3.18)

    Future Work Programme(4)

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    Co-operation IMO / WCO

    Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)-Integrity of the multi-modal transport chain

    -Container examination

    -Container sealing

    -Ship/port interface

    -Exchange of information-Project activities

    -Reciprocalrepresentation

    i IMO

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