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Language and Culture

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Language and Culture. Language- The ability to communicate with others orally and/or in writing. Can be both unifying and dividing. Unifying= nations use their political power to ensure the widespread adoption of a language - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Language and Culture

  • Language Ties Us TogetherLanguage- The ability to communicate with others orally and/or in writing.Can be both unifying and dividing Unifying= nations use their political power to ensure the widespread adoption of a languageDividing= Many independence movements fueled by desire to use ones own language

  • Monolingual vs. Multi-lingualMonolingual- has only one official language in which all government business is conductedMultilingual -has more than one official languageEx: Switzerland has four official languages (German, French, Italian, Romansh)

  • Lingua FrancaEnglish is the most widespread Lingua Franca in the world.Lingua Franca- a common tongue among people who speak diverse languages, often to conduct business.Ex: All airline pilots communicate in English

  • Development and Lingua FrancaThe more developed a country is the more its language will be used in worldwide commerce.Ex: Mandarian Chinese is becoming more and more important to learn. It is being taught more and more in U.S schools. Ex: As business becomes more global it is becoming more important to speak another language.

  • DialectsDialect- a form of a language that is different in sound, speed and syntax( the grammatical arrangement of a language, and vocabulary.

    EX: U.S Dialects- Northeastern accent, Southern accent, Midwestern accent, Cajun accent, accents based on age.

  • What is an isogloss?Isogloss- the boundary of a dialectGeographers and Linguists interview people from different regions to determine speech patterns.Ex: North- You guys = a group of peopleEx: Appalacia- youuns = a group of peopleEx: South- Yall= a group of peopleThe boundary for all of these is determine by an isogloss.

  • Isogloss of Dialects

  • Another isogloss map showing dialects

  • What do you call these products?

  • Dialects ContinuedNortheastern- elimination of letter r when a short a precedes it.Ex: Party becomes Pahty

  • Pidgin, Trade, and Creole LanguagesWhen cultures collide, languages mix. Ex: Cajun- mix of English and FrenchEx: Spanglish- mix of English and SpanishPidgin- Mixture of languagesOften very elementary as far as grammar, vocabulary but they allow TRADE to occur. Trade Language- a made up language that is used by people who want to trade

  • Hawaiian PidginThe Old Woman Who Lived in a Shoe translated into Hawaiian Pidgin

    Dere waz one ol Tutu

    Stay living in one slippa

    She get choke kids

    Planny braddahs and one sistah

    She geev um lau lau

    But no mo da poi

    Den broke dere okoles

    And sent dem moi moi


    Tutu- grandmother Slippa- sandals Choke- a lot Planny plenty Braddahs- brothers Sistah- sister Poi- a Hawaiian food made from taro plant Okoles- butt Moi Moi- sleep

  • Creole LanguageCreole Language- a stable language resulting from a blend of two or more languages which does not include features of either.Ex: Haiti- speak a creole language that is a blend of African languages with French.

    (Dont confuse this use of creole with Creole people who are of European decent born in a European colonial era, particularly Latin America or the Caribbean)

  • What happens to languages when a dominant culture interacts with a less dominant culture?

  • Extinct LanguagesA language no longer spoken or read in daily activities by anyone in the worldExamples:Native American LanguagesGothicIndigenous African LanguagesMinority Languages/Endangered LanguagesLanguage spoken by a minority of the population of a countrySometimes forced to give up language Examples: Gaelic, Welsh, Cherokee

  • What is AAVE or Ebonics?Ebonics Notes and DiscussionJohn R. Rickford December, 1996 (1) Some sample sentences in AAVE/Ebonics, with discussion of the ways in which they show the systematicity of AAVE: AAVE: "She BIN had dat han'-made dress" (SE: She's had that hand-made dress for a long time, and still does.) AAVE: "Befo' you know it, he be done aced de tesses." (SE Before you know it, he will have already aced the tests.) AAVE: "Ah 'on know what homey be doin." (SE: I don't know what my friend is usually doing.) AAVE: "Can't nobody tink de way he do." (SE: Nobody can think the way he does.) AAVE: "I ast Ruf could she bring it ovah to Tom crib." (SE: I asked Ruth if/whether she could bring it over to Tom's place.)

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