Language power lg and age!!!

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2. INTRODUCTION Language variation allows us asspeakers to locate ourselves in a multi-dimensional society. Age is one of the dimensions on whichwe construct identities for ourselves andothers. 3. consider three life stages and how people construct an age identity for themselves and others at those stages.:Children:The teenage years:The elderly 4. Age as afactor inlanguagevariation 5. Age as a factor in languagevariation In English the age description is the mostdefining characteristic for classifying people .its placed closest to the person:Example: The intelligent old woman The attractive teenage singer The dishonest young man 6. Their attempt to initiate a new topic isignored They are to be interrupted andoverlapped Elderly people communicate moreconfidence. 7. How people talk..ChildrenYoung people Elderly people 8. CHILDHOOD Children naturally acquire language Infancy and early childhood is the idealtime to immerse a child in a foreignlanguage They can differentiate the sounds of anylanguage in the world They can acquire two languages at asame time 9. ADULTHOOD/YOUNG PEOPLE Use informal style of language Use language as a range of everyday personal skills 10. CONTINUE.Difficulties in some areas1.Poorer quality of communication2.Inappropriate register3.Narrative skills 11. ELDERLY PEOPLE Use simple sentences Ask more questions Repeating or paraphrasing what hasjust been said. 12. TALKING WITH ELDERLYPEOPLE Use clear and precise sentences Make an eye contact Adjust voice tone appropriately Talk slow, be patient and smile 13. Importance of age as a culturalcategoryYour age can determine whether you can attend school, marry, drink alcohol, vote, draw a pension, or get into the movies at half price.To see just how important age labels : (a)Intelligent woman the old (b)singer the teenage attractive (c)dishonest man young the (d)middle-aged the nurse kind 14. Most people produce the following:(a) the intelligent old woman(b) the attractive teenage singer(c) the dishonest young man(d) the kind middle-aged nurse 15. The age description is placed closer to the theperson than the other description Even though intelligence, honesty, physicalattractiveness and kindness are all important tous, they somehow seem to be secondary to apersons age. 16. Labeling age groupsUnder 5 20-60 Over 65 youngster adult adult girlmature person elderly person boy woman senior citizen minor man retired person newborn ladyaged kid/kiddy gentleman infant baby Toddler 17. Talking about age groups Have you ever noticed that some adjectivesseem to belong to a particular age group There seem to be several adjectives, bothpositive and negative foolish that are usedvery frequently to describe both thesegroups. 18. Definition of Language. Any code employing signs, symbols, or gestures used for communicating ideas meaningfully between human beings. 19. There are three theories oflanguage1. Behavioristic by skinner.2. Nativistic or psycholinguistic: Chomsky3. Interactionistic: Piaget 20. There are five language components :a)Phonology,b)Morphology,c)Syntax,d)Semantics ande)Pragmatics 21. A. Phonology Study and use of individual sound units in alanguage and the rules by which they arecombined and recombined to create largerlanguage units. Phonemes are the unit of sound such as /s/ or/b/, / d/ they do not convey meaning. Phonemes alter meaning of words whencombined. For an example for the phonemes /s/ is sat 22. Phonological DeficitsFrequently appear as articulationdisorders Child omits a consonant: oo for you Child substitutes one consonant: wabbitfor rabbit Discrimination: child hears go get thenail instead of mail 23. First video is a Speech sample Second video is about how a Speech-LanguagePathologist teaches student /r/ production. 24. B. Morphology. Study and use of morphemes, the smallestunits of language that have meaning. A morpheme is a group of sounds that refers toa particular object, idea, or action Free morphemes that can stand alone Affixes are bound such as prefixes andsuffixes and when attached to root wordschange the meaning of the word. 25. Morphological Deficits Elementary aged: may not use appropriateinflectional endings in their speech (e.g.,"He walk or Mommy coat). Middle school: lack irregular past tense orirregular plurals (e.g., drived for drove ormans for men). 26. D. Semantics Language meaning; the meaning ofindividual words as well as the meaningthat is produced by a combination of words. More than single words, includes complexuse of vocabulary, including structures suchas word categories, wordrelationships, synonyms, antonyms andfigurative language. 27. Semantic Deficits Limited vocabulary especially in adjectives,adverbs, prepositions, or pronouns Lack of understanding of how context canchange the meaning of words Figurative language problems 28. C. Syntax Syntax: rule system governing the order andcombination of words to form sentences, andthe relationships among the elements within asentence. Referred to as the grammar of the languageand allows for more complex expression ofthoughts and ideas by making references topast and future events 29. Syntactic Deficit Lack the length or syntactic complexity Problems comprehending sentences that express relationship between direct or indirect objects. 30. E. Pragmatics Pragmatics: use of language incommunication; may include verbal, vocal,or motoric expression Knowledge and ability to use languagefunctionally in social or interactivesituations. 31. Pragmatic Deficits Problems understanding indirect requests Example : may say yes when asked Mustyou play the piano?). 32. Q & A SESSION 33. The end