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PresentContinuous(l am doing)

Studl' this examplesituation: Ann is ir-r car. Sheis on her way to rt,ork. her Sheis driving to rvork. This means:sheis driving noq at the time of speaking.The action is not finished. Am/is/are -ing is the presentcontinuous:

I am doing something = I'm in the middle of doing something;I've started doing it and I haven't finished yet. Often the action is happening at the time of speaking: s Please don't make so much noise. I'm working. (not I work) "'Where'sLauren?" "She'stiking a bath." (zor Shetakes a bath) s Let's go out now. It isn't raining anymore. (notIt doesn't rain) s (at a party) Hello, Lisa. Are you enioying the party? (not Do you enjoy) I'm tired. I'm going to bed now. Good night! But the action is not necessarily happening at the time of speaking.For example: Tom and Ann are talking. Tom says:

2chtEr ItTom is not readingthe book at the time of speakrng. He meansthat he has startedit but has not finishedit yet. He is in the middle of reading*1iffi-*S f :ir,:.:i.nt;ri *rg!i::i1;:':i'r,ilir :.i:*;'g$-,E.*i,g4!;ic.i#tr.ii


Here are some more examples: s Maria wants to work in Italn so she is studying ltalian. (but perhapsshe isn't studying Italian exactly at the time of speaking) s Some friends of mine are building their own house. 'We use the presentcontinuous when we talk about things happeningin a period around now (for example, today / this week / tonight, etc.): 3F "You're working hard today." "Yes, I have a lot to do." (not You work hard today) s "Is Sarahworking this week?" "No, shet on vacation." We use the presentcontinuous when we talk about changeshappeningnow or around now: s The population of the world is rising very fast. (zof rises) s Is your Englishgettingbetter?(notDoes your Englishget berter?)

Present Continuous and Simple Presnt Units 3-4

Present Continuous with a Futur Meaning Unit 18A


Exerciqes1.1 Complete the sentencesusing one of the following verbs in the correctform. come get happen look make start stay try rr,oFk ,1 . "You 're working hard today." "Yes,I have a lot to do." 2 . I - __ ___ for Chrisrine.Do you know where she is? ,_____ J. dark. ShouldI turn on the lieht? - It 4. They don't h;;. ;;t*d;;t;; live at the momenr. Thev


with friendsuntil thevfind a place. 5. "Ann! Let'sgo!" 'OK, I 6. Do you have an umbrella?It to rain. 7 You a lot of noise. Could you pleasebe quieter?to concentrate. 8. IThy are all thesepeople here?'What 1.2 Use the words in parenthesesto complete the questions. l. " /s Brad working this week?" "No, he's on vacation.', (Brad / work) 2. Why at me like that? Vhat's the matter? (vou / look) 3. "Jennyis a student at the universiw." "Is she?'What ?" (she srudy) / 4. to the radio, or can I turn it off? (anybody / listen) 5. How is your English? better? (it / get) 1.3 Put the verb into the correctform. Sometimes you need the negative (l'm not doing, etc.). 1. I'm tired. I (go) to bed now. Good night! 2. We can go out now. lt isn't rainina (rain) anymore. 3. Laura phoned me last night. She'son vacation in France.She (have) a great cime and doesn't want to come back. 4. I want to Iose weight, so this week I (eat) lunch. 5 . Angela has iust started evening classes. She (study) German. 6 . I think Dave and Amy had an argument. They (speak)to each other. 1.4 Readthis conversation between Brianand Sarah.Put the verbs into the correctform. Sarah: Brian! I haven'r seenyou in ages.What (1) are vou doina (you / do) thesedays? Brian: | (2 ) (train) to be a police officer. Sarah: Really?'S7hat's like? (3) it (you / enioy) it? Brian: It's all right. How about you? Sarah: 'Well, actually l (4) (not / work) right now. (5) (try) to find a iob, but it's not easy.Bur I'm prerfy busy. I r (5) (paint) rny apartment. Brian:'(7) (you / do) it alone? Sarah: No, some friends of mine (8) (help)me. 1.5 Complete the sentencesusing one of these verbs: change fall get increase +rsie You don't have to use all the verbs, and you can use a verb more than once. 1. Th9 population of the world is rising very fast. 2. Robert is still sick. but he better slowly. 3. The rvorld _ . Things neversray the same. cosr of li'ing ----. Everyvear things are more expensive. 1 llr. 5. The economic situarion alread'ver' bad,and ir is worse.



(l SimplePresent do)

Study this examplesituation: Alex is a bus driver br.rt now he is in bed asleep. So: He is not drivinga bus.1Heis asleep.) htrt He drivesa bus.{He is a busdriver.,) drive(s)/work(s)/do(es), is thesimplepresent. erc.,

'We use the simplepresentto talk about things in general.'Weuseit to say that something happensall the time or repeatedlyor that somethtg is true in general.It is not important whether rhe action is happeningat rhe time of rp."kir,g, s Nurses take care of patientsin hospitals. s I usually leavefor work at 8:00 e.l,r. * The earth goesaround the sun. Rememberthat we say he/she/ir Don'r forget the s: -s. * Iwork... but Heworks... Theyteach... but Mysisterteaches... For spelling (-s or -es),seeAppendix 5.We use do/does to make questions and negative sentences:

s I come from Canada.'lfhere do you come from? * "Would you like a cigarette?""No, thanks.I don,t smoke." 'Sfhat s doesthis word mean?(not 'What meansthis word?) s Rice doesn'tgrow in cold climates. In the following examplesdo is also the main verb: * l'Ifhat do you do?" (='!fhat's your job?) "I work in a department store." He's so lazy.He doesnt do anything ro help me. (not He ioesn't anything) 'V7e use_the simple presentwhen we say how often we do things: s I get up at 8:00 everymorning. (not I,m getting) e How often do yo,ugo to the dentist?lnot How ofren are you going?) * Julie doesnt drink coffee very ofren. * In the summerJohn usually plays tennis once or twice a week. Note the position of always/never/usually, (beforethe main verb): etc. s Sue always looks happy. (zor Suelooks always) s I never drink coffee at night. '$Thattime s do you usuallyget home after rvork? For rvord order,seealso Unir 107.Present Continuous and Simple Present units 3-4 Simple present with a Future Meaning unit 188


Exercises2.1 Completethe sentences using one of the following: cause(s) close(s) connect(s) drink(s) live(s) open(s) spak{s} take(s) 1. Ann speaks _ ). I never coffee. 3. The swimmingpool , . ___ at 9:00 and __** *_---at 6:30 evert' day.


N lt


4. B a d d ri v i n g ( My parents 6. The Olympic Games 7. The Panama CanaF' 2.2 Put the verb into the correct form. 2. 3. 4. 5.

manv accloenrs. in a very small apartment.

- - place every four years. the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

1. Jason doesn f drink 'Whattime I have a car. but I "S7hat It

5. 1

(not / drink) coffee very often. (the banks / close)? (not I use) it very ofren. (you / do)?" "I'm an electricalengineer." - (take) me an hour to get to work. How long (ir / take) you? (play)the piano, but I (this word / mean)?

(not / play) very well. 7. I dont understandthis sentence. vhat

2.3 Use one of the following verbs to complete these sehtences. Sometimesyou need the negative. believe eat flow g+ g*rxr make rise tell translate 1. The earth goes around the /. An interpreter from one sun. language to another. 2. Rice doesn't at-ow in Canada. 8. A liar is someonewho 3 . The sun the truth. 4 . Bees honey. 9. The Amazon River into 5 . Vegetarians meat. the Atlantic Ocean. 6 . An atheist in God. 2.4 Ask Liz questions about herself and her family. 1. You know that Liz plays tennis. You wanr to know how often. Ask her. How often do vou p/aulennrs 2. Perhapsfi, your sister 3. You know thatLiz readsa newspaper."iiy J"y. V" 4. You know that Liz's brother works. You want to know what he does. Ask Liz. 5. You know thatLiz goesto the movies a lot. You want to know how often. Ask her. 5. You don't know where Liz's mother lives. Ask Liz. 7' You know that Liz works every da6 but you want to know what time she starts work. Ask her.



Present Continuous and SimplePresent (1) (l am doing and I do)Present continuous (I am-doing) We use the present coutinttotts ior s o me th i n g th a t i s h a p p e n i n e ar or around t h e ti me o f s p e a k i n g . T h e a c ri on i s not f in i s h e d . I am doing

Simple present lI do) We use the simple presentfor things in generalor things that happenrepeatedl,v




future'W'ater boils at 100 degrees Celsius. * Excuseme, do you speakEnglish?




The water is boiling. Could you turn ir off? Listen to those people.What language are they speaking? Let's go out. It isn't raining now. A: Don't disturb me. I'm busy. '!fhy? B: Vhat are you doing? I'm going to bed now. Good night. Maria is in Vancouver now. She's learning English.

It doesn't rain very much in the summer. 'S7hat F do you usually do on weekends? 'V/hat * do you do? (='What'syour job?) K I always go to bed before midnight. s Most people learn to swim when they are children. Use the simple presentfor permanenr sltuatrons: s My parentslive in Boston. They have lived thereall their lives. s John isn't lazy. He works very hard most of the time. SeeUnit 2 for more informarion.

Use the present continuous for temporary situations: s I'm living with some friends until I find an apartment. s "You're working hard today." "Yes, I've got a lot to do." See Unit 1 for more information.

I always do and I'm always doing Usually we say "I always do something" (= I do it every time): * I always go to work by car (notl'm always going) You can also say "I'm always doing something," but this has a different meaning. For example: Ilve lost m11keyagain "I'm always losing things" does not mean that I lose things every time. It meansthat I lose things too