Legal Rights & Responsibilities

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Legal Rights & Responsibilities. Business Law. Last Class…. Differentiate between ethical and legal behavior. Compare ethical practices and legal behaviors. Examine ethical dilemmas in business and in law. Today’s Objectives. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Legal Rights & Responsibilities

Legal Rights & Responsibilities

Legal Rights & ResponsibilitiesBusiness Law

Differentiate between ethical and legal behavior.Compare ethical practices and legal behaviors.Examine ethical dilemmas in business and in law.Last ClassIdentify the legal rights & responsibilities of citizens/non-citizens.Define citizens and identify examples of non-citizens.Differentiate between legal and illegal immigrants.Describe the legal rights of citizens and non-citizens.Describe the legal responsibilities of citizens and non-citizens.Compare the legal rights and responsibilities of minors and adults.Identify the age of majority.Understand examples of rights afforded to adults but not extended to minors.Todays ObjectivesU.S. CitizensBorn in the United StatesBorn to parents who are U.S. citizensWhat makes you a citizen?

Enjoy all freedoms, protections, and legal rights promised by the ConstitutionCitizens of the United States

People from foreign countries can become U.S. citizens through the naturalization process.People who were not born as citizens but who become citizens are known as naturalized citizens.Becoming a Citizen

Be at least 18 years oldLive in the U.S. as a legal resident for at least 5 yearsBe of good moral character and loyal to the U.S.Be able to read, write, speak, & understand basic EnglishHave basic knowledge and understanding of the history, government, and Constitution of the U.S.Be willing to take an oath of allegiance to the U.S.Requirements to Becoming a CitizenNon-citizens file an applicationTake a naturalization examinationAppear for a court hearingThe Naturalization Process

Non-CitizensAliens people who are permanent residents of a country but do not hold citizenshipNationals natives of American territoriesNon-Citizens include

Emigrated from a foreign country and legally reside in the U.S. with a green cardReceive the same treatment of citizens with regard to the inalienable rights of the ConstitutionGreen cards are forAdoptionEmploymentInvestmentMarriageRelativeResident AliensInalienable: life and security, protection against unlawful interference with privacy (family & home), equality before courts including free assistance of an interpreter, marry & found a family, freedom of speech, retain lauguage/culture/tradition/religion, right to transfer money abroad12Receive the following rights as long as they do not interfere with national security, public safety, U.S. laws, customs of citizensLeave countryExpression / assemblyWork & own propertyBring spouse or dependent children to U.S. from another countrySocial services, education, social securityNo political (voting) rightsAlien Rights

Live in U.S. territoriesDo not have full political rightsEnjoy all legal protections afforded to citizensNationals & their Rights

Aliens who have entered the United States without government permission or stayed beyond the termination date of a visa (green card)Subject to deportationIllegal Immigrants

Minors vs. AdultsA minor is a person who has not yet reached the age of adulthood.The age of majority is 18 in most states.Age 19 in Alabama & NebraskaAge 21 in Mississippi, Pennsylvania, and Puerto RicoAn emancipated minor is one who is no longer under the legal control of his or her parents.Automatically emancipated if married or independentMinors who claim to be adults are committing fraud.Who is considered a minor?Driving is a privilege, not a right.Must be earned then kept under conditions of good behaviorUsually states will not permit licensure under the age of 16Minors as StudentsMay be searched in school if officials have reason to suspect the law or a school rule has been brokenFreedom of speech/expression may be restrained in school-sponsored settings

Rights and Duties of MinorsRights of Adultsbut not MinorsJuvenile courts deal with offenders who are minors.Most juvenile matters are sealed (not open to the general public).Hearings are often more informal.No right to a trial by juryNo right to be released on bailMay be convicted as an adult if there is proof beyond a reasonable doubt

Minors & the LawMinors may not possess alcohol.Zero-tolerance in most statesMust be 21 or olderMinors may not possess tobacco products.Usually granted by age of majority (which is 18 in most states)Possession

Vary from state to stateMinors may not use cell phones while drivingIn Virginia, minors must follow laws pertaining to the number of passengers in the vehicle.Driving Privileges

Contracts made by minors are voidable by the minor.For this reason, minors are usually not allowed to enter into contracts.Contracts