Lesson 4 Tenses of Verb - Quia 4 Tenses of Verb Grammar A. Tenses of Verbs Simple tenses Continuous/ Progressive tenses ... Active Voice Passive Voice TENSES of VERBS Simple tenses: Present tense, Past Grammar tense and Future

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  • Module 2

    Lesson 4

    Tenses of Verb

  • Grammar A. Tenses of Verbs

    Simple tenses

    Continuous/ Progressive tenses

    Perfect tenses

    B. Subject Verb Agreement

    C. Voices of Verb (Transitive Verb)

    Active Voice

    Passive Voice

  • TENSES of VERBS

  • Grammar Simple tenses: Present tense, Past tense and Future tense

    Progressive tenses: Present progressive, Past Progressive and

    Future Progressive

    Perfect Tenses: Present Perfect, Past Perfect and Future Perfect

  • Module 2

    Lesson 4A

    Tenses of Verb: The Simple Tenses

  • Module 2

    Lesson 4A-2

    The Simple Past Tense

  • The Past Tense

    Definition: The past tense is the tense of the verb that indicates an action, state or situation that happened or existed in the past at a specific time.

  • Common Time Expressions Used for Past Tense

  • The Simple Past Tense Other time expressions used for past tense:

    last (night, Sunday, week, month, year, etc)

    a/an/one (minute, hour, day, week, while, etc) ago

    the day before yesterday

    the (day, night, week, etc) before last

    in 2001

    last Christmas

    in the 20th century

    on my last birthday

    when mother was a girl

  • Format of Past Tense

    For regular verbs:

    a) verb + d or ed: taste-tasted; walk-walked

    b) Verb with y ending- change y to i then add ed: study-studied, carry-carried

    For irregular verbs: format of the past tense may vary.

    a) Past form is the same as present form

    Ex. cut-cut; set-set; broadcast-broadcasted; hit-hit; let-let

  • Format of Past Tense b) Past form ends with t

    Ex. sleep-slept; keep-kept; sweep-swept; kneel-knelt

    c) Past form undergoes an internal vowel change

    Ex. rise- rose; ride rode; fall-fell; sit-sat; swim-swam; ring-rang; come-came; sing-sang

    d) Past form ends with ught

    Ex. buy- bought; catch-caught; fight-fought; teach-taught; think thought, seek-sought

  • The Simple Past Tense Conditions that use the past tense:

    1) Completed action in the past the action started and finished at a specific time in the past.

    oRonnie bought a new polo shirt last week.

    o Romina sent Raffy a package the month before last.

    2) A series of completed action in the past

    oThe cat swiped the ball of thread with its paws, chased after it, and discovered a new game: football

  • The Simple Past Tense 3) Duration, which starts and stops in the past, is a

    longer action indicated by such expressions as: for two years, all day , the entire time, all year.

    o Mina worked in the garden the entire morning.

    o She only stopped when it was time for lunch.

    4) Habits in the past- refers to actions that were done regularly in the past but had already stopped in the past.

    o Jasper often went fishing with his grandfather when he was a child.

  • The Simple Past Tense 5) Past facts or generalizations which are no longer true. Similar in expression to used to o In 1960s, pricey fares prevented many people from taking airplane rides. Now with the peso fare, people preferred taking plane rides to boat rides. 6) When clauses happen first in sentences in which both clauses are in the simple past tense. o When the clock chimed 12 noon, Norma tidied her table and left to have lunch.

  • The Simple Past Tense

    When putting emphasis on an action in the past, the format used is:

    did + base form of the verb

    Examples:

    o Alex did attend the Mass last Sunday even though he was not feeling well.

    o Carmen did go to the party but she left early.

    o Louie did clean his room after you told him to.

  • The Simple Past Tense Conditional past tense refers to habitual acts in the

    past that were regularly done then, but is not being done now. The format used is:

    used to +base form of the verb

    Examples:

    When I was in high school, I used to play volleyball. ( I dont play volleyball now).

    Cory used to bite her nails when she was nervous.( She does not bite her nails now.)

  • The Simple Past Tense

    .

  • The Simple Past Tense Write the correct form of the enclosed verb in the

    simple past tense.

    1. Just a minute ago, Luisa (see) _______ the postman pass by.

    2. The rain (fall)_______ in torrents the day before.

    3. In the 19th century, polio (be) _______a prevalent disease.

    4. We (celebrate) __________ Fathers birthday last Sunday.

    5. Janet screamed when she (see) ______ a snake in her bed.

  • The Simple Past Tense

    6. Cesar (send)_____ me an invitation to his weeding a week ago.

    7. Sunny (cry) ______ when she heard the terrible news.

    8. ABS-CBN (broadcast) _______ the news during the evening edition news.

  • The Simple Past Tense Fill in the correct form of the enclosed verb as

    indicated after the sentence.

    1. Daniel (go) ____to parties on weekends when he was still a bachelor. (conditional past)

    2. Father (stop) _______ smoking for a while after Mother got angry with him. (emphatic past)

    3. He (smoke) ______two packs of cigarettes a day. (conditional past)

  • The Simple Past Tense 4. Then, he started coughing, and later on, he

    saw blood in his spit. Boy! it (give) _____him a scare. (emphatic past)

    5. He (refuse)________when Mother suggested he went for a check-up. (conditional past)

    6. Mother (not know) ______ how terrified Father was. (Emphatic past)

    7. He (think) ______ he was about to die. (emphatic past)

  • The Simple Past Tense

    If you got a score of 4 or less in the practice exercises, please review the notes on past tense before taking the quiz.

    Please look over the uploaded Learning about Verbs notes in Quia and check whether there are other facts you need to include in your Cheat Sheet.

  • The Simple Past Tense Write the correct form of the enclosed verb in the

    simple past tense.

    1. Just a minute ago, Luisa (see) saw the postman pass by.

    2. The rain (fall) fell in torrents the day before.

    3. In the 19th century, polio (be) was a prevalent disease.

    4. We (celebrate) celebrated Fathers birthday last Sunday.

    5. Janet screamed when she (see) saw a snake in her bed.

  • The Simple Past Tense

    6. Cesar (send) sent me an invitation to his wedding a week ago.

    7. Sunny (cry) cried when she heard the terrible news.

    8. ABS-CBN (broadcast) broadcast the news during the evening edition news.

  • The Simple Past Tense Fill in the correct form of the enclosed verb as

    indicated after the sentence.

    1. Daniel (go) used to go to parties on weekends when he was still a bachelor. (conditional past)

    2. Father (stop) did stop smoking for a while after Mother got angry with him. (emphatic past)

    3. He (smoke) used to smoke two packs of cigarettes a day. (conditional past)

  • The Simple Past Tense 4. Then, he started coughing, and later on, he

    saw blood in his spit. Boy! it (give) did give him a scare. (emphatic past)

    5. He (refuse) used to refuse when Mother suggested he went for a check-up. (conditional past)

    6. Mother (not know) did (not) know how terrified Father was. (Emphatic past)

    7. He (think) did think he was about to die. (emphatic past)

  • The Simple Past Tense