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When it comes to emergency preparedness, you are better off being ready two years early than two seconds too late!!!The first step is to make an emergency kit that you can access in a moments notice whether at home, work or in your car.
They can be bought commercially like the ones pictured here or prepared from materials that you yourself assemble and organize. move to next slide . If you assemble your own First Aid Kit, you will have many options as to what you put into it. The list here in this slide is representative of some of the more important things that you should have in any first aid kit.
(Read list)Remember, in emergencies in which you may need to leave your home, it will be important to have a small and ready supply of important medicines or drugs that are needed by you or other family members. things like antacids, laxatives, blood pressure pills, insulin, medications for allergies and so on. Now that we are finished with Preparing your Home, lets talks about some general planning that needs to be done by a family to prepare.
Read from list
Lets say a little more about each of these four activities. Especially in the case of a house fire, it is critical that each family member knows two escape routes from each room in the house, a primary one (usually through a door) and an alternative exit, out another door or window.
Next slideAnd it is important that family members remind themselves and practice these escape routs at least twice a year.Now that you have exited the house or perhaps return to your house after it has been damaged while you were away you need to have a designated place where the family should reunite.
Read from SlideIf family members are separated during an emergency with interrupted telephone lines, it will be useful for there to be one or several individuals who live out of the area who can serve as focus of contact.
This would include your social media contacts or family groups list that you set up ahead of time for such an emergency. Even if you do not have phone service, you may find someone who can connect you to your social media sites where you can send a short message saying Im OK. Or you may be able to check on other family members to find out they are OK through your social media sites as part of your prearranged family communication plan.Read from Slide
Organize to Shelter in Place as I mentioned previously, in emergency preparedness we recognize that for some kinds of emergency situations, individuals and families need to plan to be relatively self-sufficient to stay where they are for an extended period of time.
After snow, wind or ice storms, it is common that electrical utilities are interrupted for several days. Roads may also be blocked.
You or family members may need to hunker down where you are for several days. Hopefully this will be your home and this is what we are going to focus on in this discussion.
If you or your family or household members work outside the home or travel a great deal, you will need to plan to shelter in place in your office or car if you get stranded. Planning for situations where you are sheltering at home will be helpful as well.
Though we will not deal with these specific shelter situations, some of the principles we will talk about in preparing for home sheltering should be helpful in your thoughts about these contingencies.The basic objective of Shelter in Place is to be self sufficient in your home for at least 3 days WITH NO UTILITIES.
To Shelter in Place, you are going to need to organize your home supplies
Read from SlideBasic camping supplies should be stored where they are safe and readily assessable:
Tent (OR TARPS)Emergency lighting and cookingWeather appropriate clothes and multiple layersSleeping bagsBootsSince you will need to plan on being relatively isolated during this time, having emergency communications equipment on hand will be important; it is important to remember extra batteries.
Emergencies might include damage to your home, broken windows, holes in wall or roof. Plan to have basic equipment and supplies to make emergency repairs to the home until such time as the emergency passes and repairs can be done properly.
Such essential tools and supplies might include ,,,, Read from the SlideEven sheltering in your home for several days without power of water will require plans to meet basic sanitation needs. Soap, sanitizers, wipes , towels , garbage etc.
What to do about human sanitary waste will be important if water supplies are interrupted.
There are some commercial and some home made designs for toilet arrangements using 5 gallon buckets (using a seat and lid that can be purchased online)
Another possibility is to have two buckets one for liquid waste and one for dry or fecal waste which you can place compostable kitty litter in to absorb smells and assist with the removal of waste.
If you think this is an area in which you would like to investigate more, the details of several of these possible sanitary waste systems can be found at the website www.Plush.Org. If water and sanitation services are interrupted for several days, it may be necessary to dispose of human waste products. This may be necessary even when using one of the 5 gallon plastic bucket systems. .
Since most of the homes in SW Portland have yards, a three food deep hole in the ground can be used in emergencies to bury both liquid and solid waste including that waste that might be mixed with compostable kitty litter. Where and how to store emergency home supplies for Shelter in Place deserves some thought. Large plastic boxes are clearly an option.Large rolling containers are also a good idea for larger and heavy items and can go with you if you have to evacuate to a staging area in your neighborhood. Supplies need to be stored in a place that is both safe and likely to be assessable after an emergency. Ideally, you should store some food and supplies in both areas in case you cannot access one or the other.
Read listFor certain types of emergencies, like those in this slide, one cannot shelter in place but needs to evacuate the area quickly and to take essential supplies that may carry you over for a day or twoA prepared GO bag can be used to store essential supplies for a quick departure. Read List of things.As with other emergency supplies, the Go Bag should be stored in a save and accessible place.
In addition to outdoor shed or garage, the trunk of a car is a good place to store a Go Bag as it can then be used in case of a car that becomes stranded in snow or otherwise disabled in an isolated area.A couple of foot note reminders now:
Remember, if you have children involve them in these preparations. Include some toys or books in your emergency supplies or Go Bagsto keep the children occupied.If you have pets, a special Go Bag should be prepared for them too. Remember, pets are not allowed at shelter, so you will need to make an emergency plan for them as well. Contact local vets offices to see if they have animal boarding in emergencies, also arrange with friends or neighbors who can help if you are not able to get home and take care of your pet in an emergency.Remember, you need to watch for expiration dates on stored items Read slide
Some people have found it handy to link this with the twice of year start and stop of Daylight savings time: spring forward, fall back. Up to now we have discussed some actions you can take to prepare for an emergency.
Though we cannot go into all the details, here are a few things that you need to do in response to a couple of specific types of emergencies.
For House fires .. Read the list above For Earthquakes, there are several important things to do as an immediate response
Read from listWe need to be alert to the basics of what to do if and when a tsunami alert is sounded or announced.
Move immediately to higher ground and, if in a car, follow the well marked Tsunami emergency routes to higher ground.Finally, I want to remind you that there are many opportunities for you or other family members to get special training in things like First Aid and CPR that can help prepare you for family emergencies as well as to be helpful to others in need.
There is specialized training for those who would like to be a part Community Emergency Response Teams (CERT) or organize their own Neighborhood Emergency Team (NET) specifically to attend to help with the community needs during an emergency.
Check with your local Fire Station for classes or The Red Cross.When it comes to emergency preparedness, you are better off being ready two years early than two seconds too late!!!