Linux Slackware Installation Guide

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)

Text of Linux Slackware Installation Guide

  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide



  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    A - The base system. Contains enough software to get up and running and have a text editor and basic

    communications programs.

    AP - Various applications that do not require the X Window System.

    D - Program development tools. Compilers, debuggers, interpreters, and man pages. It's all here.

    E - GNU Emacs. Yes, Emacs is so big it requires its own series.

    F - FAQs, HOWTOs, and other miscellaneous documentation.

    GNOME - The GNOME desktop environment.

    K - The source code for the Linux kernel.

    KDE - The K Desktop Environment. An X environment which shares a lot of look-and-feel features

    with the MacOS and Windows. The Qt widget library is also in this series, as KDE requires it tofunction.

    KDEI - Language support for the K Desktop Environment.

    L - System libraries.

    N - Networking programs. Daemons, mail programs, telnet, news readers, and so on.

    T - teTeX document formatting system.

    TCL - The Tool Command Language, Tk, TclX, and TkDesk.

    X - The base X Window System.

    XAP - X applications that are not part of a major desktop environment. For example Ghostscript and


    Y - Games (the BSD games collection, Sasteroids, Koules, and Lizards).

  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    Extended 2 or ext2

    the classic Linux filesystem. Its hallmarks are reliability and resistance to fragmentation. However, it is

    not a journaled filesystem like most modern ones.

    Extended 3 or ext3

    is a more recent version of this. It is ext2 but it has journaling support, allowing for quicker recoveries

    when filesystems are not properly unmounted.


    Reiser is a journalized filesystem and is extremely fast on small files (no greater than several

    hundred megabytes). Reiser's design can boast very incredible benchmarks.


    Reiser4 is an updated version of ReiserFS. It recently made it into the official kernel source tree. It

    boasts even faster performance than ReiserFS. This filesystem supports plug-ins, which could lead to

    some very interesting and cool developments.


    SGI's XFS provides full 64-bit file capabilities and easily scales from gigabytes to exabytes to handle

    extremely large files. The XFS file system integrates volume management, guaranteed rate I/O, and

    journaling technology for fast, reliable recovery. File systems can be backed up while still in use,

    significantly reducing administrative overhead.


    IBM's journaled file system technology, currently used in IBM enterprise servers, is designed for high-

    throughput server environments, key to running intranet and other high-performance e-business file



    this is the CD-ROM filesystem.


    some DVD's use this format.


    In Windows you have a swap file, but in Linux a seperate partition is best for performance. If you have a

    low amount of memory then you may need twice the amount of swap space but once you have more

    than 128MB to 512MB then your swap parition should equal your memory amount.
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    Get yourself a copy of Slackware burn it on a blank CD and insert the disc in the optical drive of your computer. Boot

    from the CD:
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    Then, if you're not using a US keyboard you can select a different keyboard map if you press the 1 key, or just hit

    enter to leave the keyboard layout as it is:
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    Now, type root to login:

    I used cfdisk to make a Linux bootable partition and a SWAP one on a previously formatted hard drive. Here's how:

    First of all, you should know how to use cfdisk:

    - up/down arrow lets you navigate through partitions/free space

    - left/right arrow lets you navigate through the existing functions

    - enter key executes a function when selected

    Now, if you have some left over partitions on your hard drive, please select them (one by one) and with the left

    arrow select the "delete" function. Your hard drive is empty (no partitions) now so you can start the partitioning

  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    Create swap partition

    1. Select "New"

    2. Select "Primary"

    3. With the Backspace key delete the existing size (which is the total amount of your hard disk) and type a new size

    that should be double the RAM of your machine

    4. Navigate to "Type", hit enter twice and set the value at 82 (which is default, so all you have to do is hit enter


    Create root partition

    1. Select the Free space with the down arrow

    2. Select "New"

    3. Select "Primary"

    4. Leave the size as it is, or if you don't want to distribute all the remaining space for the server, you can type a new

    size (minimum 5 GB).

    5. Select "Bootable"

    Now the swap and root partitions are created, navigate with the left arrow until you reach the "Write" function, hit

    enter, type yes to write all the changes to disk. Select "Quit" and then type setup to start the installation wizard:
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    Main Menu is the same as always, first option is HELP, where you'll find some useful information about the

    installation process if this is your first time installing Slackware. The KEYMAP section allows you to map your

    keyboard if you didn't do that when the CD/DVD booted:
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    If you mapped your keyboard, go directly to the ADDSWAP section so you can choose and activate your SWAP

    partition (it's a good thing to activate it before you begin to install the packages, so it can run much faster):
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    Then you'll be asked to choose the target hard drive partition where you want to install the system, and then you

    must select a filesystem to use for the specified device:
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    You must then select the media from which to install Slackware (CD-ROM, HARDDRIVE, FTP). In our case, the first

    option is the one we need, so just press enter, and on the next screen select auto and the installer will search and

    detect the Slackware CD:
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    You'll arrive at the package selection screen, from where you can select which packages to install on your system:
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    The default selection is perfect for every beginner, so just press enter and on the next step select the full option toinstall everything:
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    The package installation will start and it will take some time (about 15-20 minutes, depending on your computer

  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    When the package installation is over, you will be asked if you want to create a USB Linux boot stick; I've chosen to

    skip this part:
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    Then you can configure your modem (if you have one). And on the next step you can install the LILO boot loader.

    Press enter on the default option (simple) which is recommended for beginners:
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    Choose the frame buffer console. Default is good:
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    Input extra kernel parameters (ONLY IF YOU KNOW WHAT YOU'RE DOING)! If not, press ENTER here:
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide


    LILO destination should be on MBR (default option):
  • 8/6/2019 Linux Slackware Installation Guide