Literary Termsconflictsis a struggle between two people or things in a literary work.It can be internal or external.A conflict that takes place between a character and some outside force (another character, society or nature) is external.A struggle that takes place within a character (ex. Choosing to do the right thing) is internal.descriptionA type of writing that portrays a character, object, or scene.Description makes use of sensory details words and phrases that describe how things look, sound, smell, taste, or feel.Appeals to the senses.ironyIs the difference between appearance and reality. themeIs the central idea of a literary work.Literary workAny type of written work. For example, short story, poem, play, novel, biography, song lyrics etc.Point of viewThe vantage point from which a story is told.First-person the narrator uses the pronouns I and we and is a part of or a witness to the actionThird-person the narrator is outside the action and uses words such as he, she, it and theySecond-person narrator is telling the story to another character and uses the word you, story is being told through the person being addressed point of view not used very oftenPlotA series of events related to a central conflict or struggleExposition (introduction) set the tone or mood, introduces characters and the setting, provides background informationRising action events that lead to an important and dramatic point in the plotClimax the point of greatest interest and emotional involvement in the plotFalling action the events that develop from the climaxResolution (denouement) the final outcome which ties up any loose ends left in the storySimileThe comparison of two unlike things using like or as.Examples:Shes as fierce as a tiger.She is like a rose.My skateboard is like a rocket.MetaphorA comparison of two unlike things.Examples:My skateboard is a rocket.Shes a tiger when shes angry.He was drowning in paperwork.suspenseA feeling of expectation, anxiety or curiosity created by questions raised in the mind of the reader.characterizationIs the act of creating or describing a character. This includes a physical description as well as thoughts and feelings of the character.Personal EssayIs a short nonfiction work on a single topic related to the life of the writer.denotationThe dictionary definition of a word.connotationThe emotional association (positive or negative) attached to a word.Ex. unique and strange both mean highly unusual
unique positive connotationstrange negative connotationForeshadowingIs the act of hinting at events that will happen later in a poem, story, or play.Irony of Situationis an event that contradicts the expectations of the characters or the audienceSettingThe setting of a literary work is the time and place in which the story happensMemoiris a nonfiction narration that tells a storyA memoir can be autobiographical or biographical.They are based on a persons experiences and reactions to historical events.AnecdoteAn anecdote is a brief story, usually told to make a point.DialectA version of a language, spoken by people of a particular place, time or group. Writers use dialect to give their works a realistic sound and feel.Hyperboleis an exaggeration made for effect.