Literary Terms!By: Megan Forsthoefel, Kaelin Smith, Hannah Moon, Jayme Coldiron, and Katie Epperson
ForeshadowingForeshadowing is when there are clues that hint the ending of the story. In the "Most Dangerous Game" General Zaroff was explaining the game he plays to Rainsford. While describing it, the readers thought it was an animal he was hunting but in reality, it was really humans.
HyperboleIn "The Cask of Amontillado" Montressor wanted revenge because fortunado insulted him one time. The first quote of the book says, "The thousand injuries of fourtunado" Which is an exggaration from Montressor.
ImageryImagery is language that appeals to senses. In " A Sound of Thunder" the story is very detailed, and has a lot of great imagery, you can practically see the story like you were watching a movie!
IronyVerbal Irony:This is when the writer says one thing, but really means another. In " The Cask of Amontillado" Montressor tells Fortunado that they are friends, but really wants to get closer to revenge.Dramatic Irony:This is when the reader knows about the character in a story. In "The Cask of Amontillado" Montressor was "worried" about Fortunado's health, just to get closer to revenge.Situational Irony:This is the contrast between what would seem appropriate and what really happens. In "Thank You M'am" the little boy, Roger, took Mrs. Jones's pocket book. You can infer that used to do what the boy did when he was little, because she treated him nicely and helped him.
Metaphor"The cry pinched off short as blood-warm waters of the caribbean sea"(19). In "The Most Dangerous Game" , Rainsford are comparing the warmth of blood to the caribbean sea.
AnalogyAn Analogy is a comparison between two things to find the similarities. In "The Most Dangerous Game," Connell compares hunting animals to hunting humans.
AllusionAn allusion is a reference to something else in a poem, story, song, etc...In "The Cask of Amontillado," Fortunado refers to the Free Masons http://my.hrw.com/tabnav/ controller.jsp?isbn=0030778190
StereotypeA stereotype is a belief about a group or certain individual that may not always be true. In "The Sniper", the sniper assumes that his opponent is a bad person because he has different political views. Stereotypes make the story good because you never know if the person/group will live up to the assumption or not.
SuspenseSuspense is the not knowing of what will happen next. In "The Most Dangerous Game", you never know what will happen to Rainsford on Shiptrap Island. Suspense makes you want to read more and you get an excited feeling.
ThemeThe theme is what the writer wants you to learn from the story, but it's not always directly stated. For example the theme of "Thank You M'am", might be "Help those who can't help themselves," because Luella Bates Washington Jones helped the little boy even though she wasn't the richest woman in the city.
ToneA tone is the author's way of expressing their view about the subject to the reader. The tone in "The Interlopers", might be considered intense.
Unreliable NarratorAn unreliable narrator is a narrator that isn't always telling the truth or is causing you to have false negative feelings towards the person they dislike. In "Cask of Amontillado", Montressor says "A thousand injuries of Fortunado I have borne," it makes you think Fortunado is the bad one, but at the end of the story you see Montressor is really the bad person.
SimileA simile is a comparing sentence that uses like or as. It compares two unalike things. In "The Most Dangerous Game", General Zarroff compares the jagged rocks to teeth of a waiting monster.
AntagonistThe antagonist in a story is the character or thing that is keeping the protagonist from reaching its goals. In, "Most Dangerous Game," General Zarhoff was the antagonist.
Round CharacterA round character is a character that has a lot of qualities. In, "Thank You M'am," Luella Bates Washington Jones has several different qualities. She is kind, understanding, and forgiving.
Flat CharacterA flat character is a character that does not have very many qualities. In, "A Sound of Thunder," the other hunters, Billings and Kramer, had very little attributes.
Static CharacterA static character is a character that does not change his opinions or views within the story. In, "The Cask of Amantillado," Montressor still hated Fortunato in the end.
Dynamic CharacterA dynamic character is a character that changes his point of view or opinions within the story. In, "Most Dangerous Game," Rainsford goes from believing that it doesn't matter how the prey feels to knowing exactly how it feels.
"Harrison Bergeron" is obvisoly a short story because is has all the elements of plot. The elements of plot are expostion, climax, rising action, falling action and resolution.
First Person Point of ViewFirst Person- You get one of the charaters telling the story. Advantages: We know the narrator very wellDisadvantages: We can only observe what this charater observes. Sometimes the narrator may be unreilable, or may not tell the truth.Example: Montressor in "The Cask of Amontillado" tells the story and we get his thoughts.
Third Person Limited Point of ViewNarrator who is not in the story zooms in on the feelings of just one character.The Sniper in the "The Sniper"is an example of third person limited because he focuses on one other character.
Third Person OmniscientNarratorin the story knows all about the characters.Interlopers has a narrator that knows about all the characters.
ProtagonistMain character in the story.Harrison Bergeron is the main character in "Harrison Bergeron" because the conflict is surrounding him.
SettingWhere the story takes place.Rainsford is crwaling through the forest" He saw no sign of a trail through the closely knit web of weeds and trees; it was eaiser to go along the shore, and Rainsford floundered alng by the water." (20)This describes the setting.
CharacterizationIndirectIn "Thank You M'am" they use the indirect characterization to describeMrs. Luella Bates Washington Jones. This helps the story because it helps give the reader an idea of why she helped the boy.DirectIn "Most DangerousGame" the author usesdirect characterization to describe General Zaroff. This helps the story because it shows his personality compared to Rainsfords.
ClimaxThe climax of "The Sound of Thunder" is when Eckels walked off the path set up by the Time Safari Inc. The climax is important to a story because it is the point when conflict is at the highest point. In this story it is important because you step off the path then you could change the course of history.
ConflictExternal In "The Interlopers" there is external conflict between Gradwitz and Znaeym. The story would not be a story with out the conflict between these two characters who are fighting the generation long conflict over land. If they hadnt been fighting then they wouldnt have cared who was on their land."The neighbor feud had grown into a personal one since Ulrich had come to be head of his family; if there was a man in the world whom he detested and wished ill to, it was Georg Znaeym, the inheritor of the quarrel and the tireless game snatcher and raider of the disputed border forest."
ConflictInternalIn "The Sniper" there is a lot of internal conflict, conflict with in the character. This internal conflict is important because it shows how the character feel and it give a personal emotional feel to the story.
DialectDialect is important to a story because it gives background to the story and the specific character. In "The Cask of Amontillado" it is important because it show the setting of the story. This story takes place in Italy and you would not know that unless you took a look at the dialect in which the characters speak.
A flashback is important to a story because it tells of an important event that happened before the story. In "The Interlopers" the narrator gives a flashback why the two families are feuding. This is important to the story because with it we wouldn't understand the theme of the story and why the two families are fighting.Flashback