Literary Terms - Strongsville City Schools Literary Terms We will be using these literary terms

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Text of Literary Terms - Strongsville City Schools Literary Terms We will be using these literary terms

  • Literary Terms

    We will be using these literary terms throughout the school year.

    You need to keep up with your notes. Don’t lose your terms! You might be

    able to use them –


  • We will use the following terms: Character Antagonist Protagonist

    Diction Denotation Connotation

    Imagery Mood Poetry Devices Exposition Rising Action Climax Falling Action Resolution Conflict

    Flashback Foreshadowing Suspense Point of View Setting Mood Theme Tone Personification

    Metaphor Simile Oxymoron Alliteration Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Irony Inference Haiku

    Round Character Flat Character Motif Allusion

  • Fiction

     Imaginary elements

     Sci-Fi / Fantasy / Horror / Adventure

     Can be based on real people and events

     Realistic fiction/historical fiction

  • Nonfiction

     Real events, people, and places

     Autobiography/biography

     Personal narrative/memoirs

     Newspapers

     Informative articles

  • Character

    A character is a person or an animal that takes part in the action of a literary work.

  • Edward Cullen from Twilight Shakespeare’s Titatnia Queen of the faeries in A Midsummer Night’s Dream

    Jace from The Mortal Instruments

    Wilbur from Charlotte’s Web

  • Round vs Flat Character Static vs Dynamic Character  Round = diverse, well-developed

    with several character traits

     Dynamic = undergoes a change of some kind (personality, thoughts, or beliefs) by the end of the story

     Flat = minor character we know little about with limited characteristics— 2 dimensional

     Static = character that never changes personality, thoughts, or beliefs

    Katniss Everdeen in The Hunger

    Games is a Round/Dynamic

    Character that undergoes major

    changes from saving her sister to

    taking down the capitol.

    President Snow is

    an unwavering,

    static character

    who remained

    steadfast in his

    thoughts and

    actions in The

    Hunger Games

  • Round/Dynamic & Flat/Static

     Most major characters are round characters that usually undergo a change which means they can be round and dynamic  However, some round characters can remain static or


     Most flat characters are also 1 dimensional and unchanging which also makes them static.

     Round/Dynamic protagonists are common

     Characters that are flat are often static as well and are often minor characters but some major characters are static

     Let's put it all together now--Check this out

  • Protagonist  The Protagonist is the main

    character in a literary work  Comes from prefix pro meaning

    for, to move forward  Can you name some famous

    Protagonists that are found in literature?

  •  Protagonists also come in all shapes, sizes, species, etc.

    Ender—from? Ponyboy Curtis and the Greasers

    Catherine & Heathcliff

    Who is the

    main protagonist?

    Katniss Everdeen—

    from? Who is this?

  • The truth behind protagonists

     In the past, were fictional protagonists primarily good or bad?

     Can protagonists of stories, novels, video games, movies, etc. be considered immoral or bad?

     Can authors or directors manipulate the reader to support , root for, or even like protagonists that are bad?

     Can you think of any bad guys/gals that are protagonists?

  • Protagonists that are “bad”



    the wife





    The story

    of how






    novel to


    Comic book to Big Screen

    Appearances can

    be deceiving

    Good or Bad? From

    Showtime’s series


  • Antagonist

     The Antagonist is a character or force in conflict with a main character, or protagonist.

     Does not have to be human

     Comes from prefix anti—meaning opposing/opposite

  • Do you know your Antagonists???

     On your paper take a few minutes to write down some Antagonists that you can recall from short stories, novels, movies, television shows, and video games

     Remember the Antagonist is in conflict with the Protagonist, or main character!

     Helpful hint – you should now know why people use the saying “Don’t antagonize me!”


    Antagonists can be anyone or

    anything that poses as an obstacle

    for the protagonist

  • Imagery Imagery is words or phrases that

    appeal to one or more of the five senses. Writers use

    imagery to describe how their subjects look, sound, feel,

    taste, and smell.

  • IMAGERY IN THE OLDEN DAYS “I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud”

    by William Wadsworth

     I wandered lonely as a cloud That floats on high o'er vales and hills, When all at once I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.

     Continuous as the stars that shine And twinkle on the milky way, They stretched in never-ending line Along the margin of a bay: Ten thousand saw I at a glance, Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.

     The waves beside them danced; but they Out-did the sparkling waves in glee: A poet could not but be gay, In such a jocund company: I gazed---and gazed---but little thought What wealth the show to me had brought:

     For oft, when on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood, They flash upon that inward eye Which is the bliss of solitude; And then my heart with pleasure fills, And dances with the daffodils.

  • EXAMPLES OF IMAGERY in Musical Poetry

     If you're tired and hopeless, how can you show someone this instead of just telling them?

     I took a walk around the world to Ease my troubled mind I left my body laying somewhere In the sands of time I watched the world float to the dark Side of the moon I feel there is nothing I can do

     --"Kryptonite" by Three Doors Down

     If you're a rapper, instead of telling someone to let your freestyles come naturally, how can you show them with your words?

     From the family tree of old school hip hop Kick off your shoes and relax your socks The rhymes will spread just like a pox Cause the music is live like an electric shock

     --Beastie Boys "Intergalactic" From Hello Nasty

     You Have to Show Me What You Are Saying--Check This Out

  • Figurative Language

    A figure of speech is a specific device or kind of figurative language, such as hyperbole, metaphor, personification, alliteration, onomatopoeia, simile, oxymoron or understatement.

    Figurative language is used for descriptive effect, often to imply ideas indirectly. It is not meant to be taken literally. Figurative language is used to state ideas in vivid and imaginative ways.

  • Metaphor

    A Metaphor is a type of speech that compares or equates two or more things that have something in common. A metaphor does NOT use like or as.

    Example: Life is a bowl

    of cherries.

  • Simile A Simile is another figure of speech that

    compares seemingly unlike things. Simile’s DO use the words like, as, than, or resembles.

    Example: Her voice was like nails on a chalkboard.

    Cover Your Ears

    Example: She laughed like a hyena

  • Personification Personification is a figure

    of speech in which an animal, object, force of nature, or idea is given human qualities or characteristics.

    Example: The chair held to me and rocked back and forth.

  • Alliteration Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds at

    the beginning of words. Alliteration gives emphasis to words.

    --True alliteration is either 3 or more words with the same consonant sounds together or close by.

    --2 words can be alliteration but it is better when the 2 words are names such as Mickey Mouse

    Example: Take Tommy to

    the train station today.

  • Alliterative Fun

    Caring Cats Rain

     Caring cats cascade off Rain races,

    Laughing llamas Ripping like wind.

    Lounging. Its restless ra