We will be using these literary terms
throughout the school year.
You need to keep up with your notes.
Don’t lose your terms! You might be
able to use them –
We will use the following terms:
Character Antagonist Protagonist
Diction Denotation Connotation
Imagery Mood Poetry Devices
Exposition Rising Action Climax
Falling Action Resolution Conflict
Flashback Foreshadowing Suspense
Point of View Setting Mood
Theme Tone Personification
Metaphor Simile Oxymoron
Alliteration Onomatopoeia Hyperbole
Irony Inference Haiku
Round Character Flat Character Motif
Sci-Fi / Fantasy / Horror / Adventure
Can be based on real people and events
Realistic fiction/historical fiction
Real events, people, and places
A character is a person or
an animal that takes part
in the action of a literary
Edward Cullen from Twilight Shakespeare’s Titatnia Queen of the
faeries in A Midsummer Night’s Dream
Jace from The Mortal Instruments
Wilbur from Charlotte’s Web
Round vs Flat Character
Static vs Dynamic Character
Round = diverse, well-developed
with several character traits
Dynamic = undergoes a change of
some kind (personality, thoughts, or
beliefs) by the end of the story
Flat = minor character we know little
about with limited characteristics—
Static = character that never
changes personality, thoughts, or
Katniss Everdeen in The Hunger
Games is a Round/Dynamic
Character that undergoes major
changes from saving her sister to
taking down the capitol.
President Snow is
steadfast in his
actions in The
Round/Dynamic & Flat/Static
Most major characters are round characters that
usually undergo a change which means they can
be round and dynamic
However, some round characters can remain static or
Most flat characters are also 1 dimensional and
unchanging which also makes them static.
Round/Dynamic protagonists are common
Characters that are flat are often static as well and are
often minor characters but some major characters are
Let's put it all together now--Check this out
The Protagonist is the main
character in a literary work
Comes from prefix pro meaning
for, to move forward
Can you name some famous
Protagonists that are found in
Protagonists also come in all shapes, sizes, species, etc.
Ender—from? Ponyboy Curtis and the Greasers
Catherine & Heathcliff
Who is the
from? Who is this?
The truth behind protagonists
In the past, were fictional protagonists primarily
good or bad?
Can protagonists of stories, novels, video games,
movies, etc. be considered immoral or bad?
Can authors or directors manipulate the reader
to support , root for, or even like protagonists
that are bad?
Can you think of any bad guys/gals that are
Protagonists that are “bad”
Comic book to Big Screen
Good or Bad? From
The Antagonist is a character or force
in conflict with a main character, or
Does not have to be human
Comes from prefix anti—meaning
Do you know your Antagonists???
On your paper take a few minutes to write down
some Antagonists that you can recall from short
stories, novels, movies, television shows, and
Remember the Antagonist is in conflict with the
Protagonist, or main character!
Helpful hint – you should now know why people
use the saying “Don’t antagonize me!”
NAME THAT ANTAGONIST
Antagonists can be anyone or
anything that poses as an obstacle
for the protagonist
Imagery is words or phrases that
appeal to one or more of the
five senses. Writers use
imagery to describe how their
subjects look, sound, feel,
taste, and smell.
IMAGERY IN THE OLDEN DAYS
“I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud”
by William Wadsworth
I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o'er vales and
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the milky way,
They stretched in never-ending line
Along the margin of a bay:
Ten thousand saw I at a glance,
Tossing their heads in sprightly
The waves beside them danced; but
Out-did the sparkling waves in glee:
A poet could not but be gay,
In such a jocund company:
I gazed---and gazed---but little
What wealth the show to me had
For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood,
They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude;
And then my heart with pleasure fills,
And dances with the daffodils.
EXAMPLES OF IMAGERY in Musical Poetry
If you're tired and hopeless, how can you show someone this instead of just
I took a walk around the world to
Ease my troubled mind
I left my body laying somewhere
In the sands of time
I watched the world float to the dark
Side of the moon
I feel there is nothing I can do
--"Kryptonite" by Three Doors Down
If you're a rapper, instead of telling someone to let your freestyles come
naturally, how can you show them with your words?
From the family tree of old school hip hop
Kick off your shoes and relax your socks
The rhymes will spread just like a pox
Cause the music is live like an electric shock
--Beastie Boys "Intergalactic" From Hello Nasty
You Have to Show Me What You Are Saying--Check This Out
A figure of speech is a specific device or kind of
figurative language, such as hyperbole, metaphor,
personification, alliteration, onomatopoeia, simile,
oxymoron or understatement.
Figurative language is used for descriptive effect,
often to imply ideas indirectly. It is not meant to be
taken literally. Figurative language is used to state
ideas in vivid and imaginative ways.
A Metaphor is a type of speech that compares or
equates two or more things that have
something in common. A metaphor does NOT
use like or as.
Example: Life is a bowl
A Simile is another figure of speech that
compares seemingly unlike things. Simile’s
DO use the words like, as, than, or resembles.
Example: Her voice was like nails on a
Cover Your Ears
Example: She laughed like a hyena
Personification is a figure
of speech in which an
animal, object, force of
nature, or idea is given
human qualities or
Example: The chair held
to me and rocked back
Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds at
the beginning of words. Alliteration gives
emphasis to words.
--True alliteration is either 3 or more words with the
same consonant sounds together or close by.
--2 words can be alliteration but it is better when
the 2 words are names such as Mickey Mouse
Example: Take Tommy to
the train station today.
Caring Cats Rain
Caring cats cascade off Rain races,
Laughing llamas Ripping like wind.
Lounging. Its restless ra