Lymphatic Filariasis

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Lymphatic Filariasis. By: Katie Lutz. The 2 nd leading cause of permanent disfigurement after Leprosy. "It's tied in with grinding poverty — where you find it maps almost perfectly with the poorest of the poor.“ -Reverend Thomas G. Streit. Causative Agents. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Lymphatic Filariasis

Lymphatic Filariasis

Lymphatic FilariasisBy: Katie LutzThe 2nd leading cause of permanent disfigurement after Leprosy

"It's tied in with grinding poverty where you find it maps almost perfectly with the poorest of the poor. -Reverend Thomas G. StreitCausative AgentsParasitic filarial roundworms W. bancrofti and B. malayi

W. bancroftiB. malayiThe Lymphatic System

The Lymphatic System

Home sweet homeTransmitted by a blood sucker

No, not by a vampire!!!Transmitted by a blood sucker

Infected human (definitive host) mosquito (intermediate host) human*Takes multiple mosquito bites to contract the diseaseEffects are irreversible70% of infected people are asymptomaticA small percentage develop:LymphedemaElephantiasisHydrocele in men only

Only do blood smear between 10pm-2am!Blood smearX rays to detect dead wormsUltrasonographyPCR

Take care of the worms, not the symptomsCombination therapyDiethylcarbamazine (DEC)AlbendazoleIvermectin

DEC

IvermectinWorld Health Organization recommends using ivermectin and albendazole in Sub-Saharan Africa.Use albendazole and DEC elsewhere11Lather, rinse, & repeat Thorough hygieneCompression clothing, exercises, and elevation

LF is the disease at the end of the roadSubstantial loss of incomeSocial stigmasIncrease in mosquitoes

"Lymphatic Filariasis is a forgotten disease of forgotten people.

- Dr. Frank O. Richards Jr.,Director, Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination ProgramStop the transmissionMass treatment programsMosquito netsCommunity education

Whos helping prevent LF?The Carter CenterBill and Melinda Gates FoundationHaiti and Dominican Republic

It has been controlled or eliminated in 10 of 83 endemic countries15