Make it Make Sense. College and Career Readiness Mrs. Hendrix. Sense vs. Economy Questions. You Have to Care. The shortest answers aren’t necessarily right. When the answers are all about the same length, the question is more likely to test SENSE. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Make it Make Sense
Make it Make SenseCollege and Career ReadinessMrs. HendrixSense vs. Economy QuestionsYou Have to CareThe shortest answers arent necessarily right.When the answers are all about the same length, the question is more likely to test SENSE.Consider the shortest answer first, but dont be quite as quick to select it.Think about the effect each choice has on the meaning of the sentence, and pick longer answers if the shortest one doesnt make sense.Grammar Rules and sense QuestionsConnectionsWhile its not necessary to think about grammar rules to answer the questions, being familiar will help. The more ways you have to think about a question, the more likely you are to find the right answer.Well go through the quiz to give some examplesCompletenessQuestions 1 and 12Question 1Rule at work: Every sentence must contain a subject and a verb and express a complete thought.When you are testing completeness, dont just look to see if it has a subject and a verb! If left alone (A), the sentence would be incomplete. It makes no sense!Whats wrong with B?Nonsensical colonWhats wrong with C?Adds a comma when theres no grammatical reason to do soD is the correct answer.Continues and completes the sentence without adding anything unnecessary Question 12Rule at work: Every sentence must contain a subject and a verb and express a complete thought.Though to little acclaim is obviously a fragmentwhy?If you didnt know that, though, look at it from an intuitive level. Does the statement make sense?Whats wrong with F & J?Fragment is left isolatedWhats wrong with H?Omits any punctuation between the fragment and the main body of the sentence. G does just what we needLogically connects the fragment to the main sentenceSentence StructureQuestion 4Rule at WorkThere are three ways to connect complete thoughts:Use a semicolonUse a comma with a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS)Make one of the two thoughts incomplete (or dependent).Question 4Rule at Work: A sentence can have two thoughts, but they must be combined correctly. If none of the answer choices does this, select the choice that creates two separate sentences.In this question, there are two complete thoughts: 1) Selkirk found himself a celebrity upon his return, and 2) his tale was bandied about the pubs and coffeehouses. Whats wrong with the underlined portion?Comma splice!Whats wrong with J?Run-onWhats wrong with G?The inclusion of the word but doesnt make any senseH is the correct answer because you have to create two sentences, one for each thought.Rule at Work for Question 4Using the rules for connecting complete thoughts, we have three options for Question 4:Selkirk found himself a celebrity; his strange tale had alreadySelkirk found himself a celebrity, for his strange tale had alreadySelkirk found himself a celebrity because his strange tale had already
Sentence Sense Modifiers Questions2 & 11Well Focus on Question 2Rule at Work: A modifier, or describer, is any word or group of words that describes another. Any and all describers must clearly relate to (be close to) whatever they are referring to.Sentences become confused if a descriptive word, phrase, or clause is separated from the verb, noun, pronoun, etc. that it should be connected to (its antecedent). Note: Misplaced modifiers are a common ACT trick. If multiple answers sound right to you, consider, Is every modifying phrase placed near the word it logically modifies?after a bitter quarrel with his captain should describe the person (or pronoun) that follows next. It doesnt.The he who put Selkirk ashore must be the captainbut its notwhy?Which is correct? Why?As a rule of thumb, you should always make sure that modifiers are as close as possible to the things they describe.
Idiom (Accepted Word Form and Choice)Questions 3 & 8Well Focus on Question 3Rule at Work: The correct preposition can vary depending on the sense of the sentence. Many phrases in English are correct because people have agreed to use them in a certain way. No overall rules apply. To master these, listen to what sounds right.Whats wrong with B & C?Completeness problemsD just sounds weirdThe sentence as written actually makes sense. The idiom much the same calls for as to complete the comparison between Selkirks and Crusoes ways of life.
Pronouns Word Choice, Sentence Sense, and OrganizationQuestion 5Question 5Rule at Work: A pronoun must agree with the person or thing it is referring to, in person, gender, and number. The reference must be clear; if there is any confusion, the sentence must be fixed.Sometimes the ACT will throw you a sentence in which the meaning of a pronoun is unclear. You wont be sure to whom or what the pronoun is referring.Whats the intended meaning of the pronoun he? Whats the closest male name to the pronoun as the question is written?So make it clear! Whats wrong with C?Sense problem his what became the subject of a book?Whats wrong with D?Shifts the verb tense into the present (the book was written over 250 years ago!)B is correct because it changes the pronoun to the correct proper noun.Logic Word Choice, Sentence Sense, and OrganizationQuestions 6 & 10Well Focus on Question 10Rule at work: Words like therefore, despite, however, and because are structural clues. They serve to let you know where the author is going an dhow all of the pieces logically fit together.If you see on the other hand, a contrast is coming up.If you get the clue moreover, that means a continuation is coming up an addition that is more or less in the same vein as what came before.Many ACT questions mix up the logic of a piece of writing by giving you the wrong structural clue or another logic word.Whats wrong with the sentence as written?Why is G the correct answer?Verb Usage Verb Tense, Word Choice, and Sentence SenseQuestion 7Rules at WorkUse the simplest tense possible. In most cases, the present, past, and future tenses are all you need.Change tenses only if the sentence doesnt make sense as written.Make sure the verb is singular if it has a singular subject and plural if the subject is plural.Question 7Verbs have an annoying habit of changing form depending on whos doing the action and when that person is doing it. You have to be very careful to make sure verbs match their subject and the tense of the surrounding context.The publication of Robinson Crusoe is something that took place in 1719 the past. Whats wrong with the underlined portion?Puts the verb in the present perfect tenseWhats wrong with C & D?Put the verb into tenses normally used to convey a complex time relationship or a weird time sequence.B is the correct answer.Tone Word Choice & Writing StrategyQuestion 13Rule at WorkEvery writer of an ACT English passage has a voice, or tone. This voice is usually either casual (conversational) or factual (informational). Select the answer that fits the authors voice.If a passage contains slang, a few exclamation points, and a joke or two, the tone is informal.If the passage sounds like something from a textbook, the tone is probably formal.Good style requires that the tone of a piece of writing be consistent throughout. Sometimes the underlined portion might not fit the tone of the rest of the passage. Its up to YOU to correct it!Question 13Selkirk never gave a hoot about going back? Really?Slang doesnt belong in this passage.Which choice uses a straightforward, factual tone that fits the passage?NO CHANGE is silly.Choice B is too wordy and formal.Choice C is also slang.Choice D is the correct answer.Dont just pick an answer because it sounds fancy. Pick commonsense, everyday words that express the meaning the author intends.Dont worry if it sounds plainNonstandard-Format Questions Writing strategy & OrganizationQuestion 14 & 15Nonstandard-Format QuestionsNonstandard-Format Questions ask about the passage as a whole.Keep in mind the main point the gist as well as the overall tone and style. For an entire passage to make sense, it has to be consistent throughout, both in content and in tone and style.Question 14 Judging the PassageQuestion 14 asks you to judge the passage. Was the last sentence an appropriate ending or not?Think of the passage as a whole. What has it been doing?First, figure out if the last sentence an appropriate ending.Then, figure out why the last sentence is or is not an appropriate ending.Comparing Selkirks real life with the one that Defoe made up for the character of Robinson Crusoe.
Question 15 Reading ComprehensionThe English section includes some questions that test your reading comprehension skills!So, think about what this passage was about.How Defoes Robinson Crusoe was loosely based on the life of a real shipwrecked sailor, Alexander Selkirk.Why is B wrong?Why are A & C wrong?Why is D correct?In SummaryIf you learned only two thingsConsider the meaning of a sentence. If it doesnt make sense, theres probably a grammatical mistake. The correct answer will make sense.Nonstandard-Format Questions ask you to judge the passage and consider it as a whole. You may be asked about paragraph structure and fuction.