Marine Who We Are What We Do

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<ul><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 1/16</p><p>The marine estate:</p><p>who we are and what we do</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 2/16</p><p>The marine estate performs a unique and excing</p><p>role around the UKs coastline and beyond.</p><p>We are part of The Crown Estate, which managesa hugely diverse 7 billion property porolio across</p><p>the UK. The Crown Estates property comprises</p><p>four estates: urban; marine; rural; and Windsor.</p><p>Guided by our core values of commercialism,integrity and stewardship, our role is to manage</p><p>and enhance the value of our estates and to return</p><p>any surplus to the Treasury for the benet of the</p><p>naon. Over the last ten years The Crown Estate</p><p>has paid a total of 1.9bn to the Treasury.</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 3/16</p><p>Our role within The Crown Estate isextesive: our orolio icludes almost</p><p>the ere seabed out to 12 aucal</p><p>miles (nm) and around half the UKs</p><p>foreshore, dal beds ad estuaries</p><p> where we have the right to issue</p><p>leases and licences. The Energy Act2004 allows us to issue leases for</p><p>renewable development out to the edge</p><p>of the UK coetal shelf, withi the</p><p>Renewable Energy Zone (REZ).</p><p>Examles of our resosibilies icludecoducg leasig rouds ad maagig</p><p>leases for aquaculture, wind and wave</p><p>ad dal sites. We also issue liceces for</p><p>aggregates, cables and pipelines, and</p><p>many more spanning across our</p><p>business sectors. The more recent Energy</p><p>Act 2008 also allows us to issue leasesfor natural gas and CO2 trasortao</p><p>ad storage withi the Gas Imortao</p><p>and Storage Zone (GISZ).</p><p>Between now and 2020, we have a crucial</p><p>role to ensure that our marine estatecoues to be maaged roerly</p><p>for future geeraos. Also that the</p><p>UK maintains a global lead in marine</p><p>energy. This growing industry has the</p><p>oteal to create thousads of jobs,</p><p>whilst securing energy supplies.</p><p>Climate change means that how, and</p><p>where, we produce energy is changing.</p><p>This challenge has placed the marine</p><p>estate at the forefront of the worlds</p><p>biggest clea eergy roject.</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 4/16</p><p>Stewardship</p><p>Stewardship is a core value of The Crown</p><p>Estate, rereseg our commitmetto exemlary evirometal racce,</p><p>sustainability, and taking the long-term</p><p>view i our acvies. The Crow Estates</p><p>marine stewardship programme was</p><p>started i 1999 to suort raccal</p><p>rojects, relevat research, ad other</p><p>iiaves that imrove the statusand management of the marine estate.</p><p>The programme has two areas of focus:</p><p> Commuies iiaves that</p><p>further the good management</p><p>of the marine estate. Exampleshave included support of The Green</p><p>Blue iiave, a joit Royal Yachg</p><p>Associao ad Brish Marie</p><p>Federao roject, romog the</p><p>icreased sustaiability of acvies</p><p>in the marine environment.</p><p> Research sciec rojects that</p><p>underpin our knowledge of the</p><p>acvies we maage. This has</p><p>icluded a major research roject</p><p>looking at socio economic indicatorsof marie related acvies i the</p><p>UK economy.</p><p>The marine stewardship programme</p><p>has become an invaluable part of the</p><p>way we manage our unique estate.</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 5/16</p><p>The marine estate is divided into nine business sectors,which includes a mix of tradional core business areas</p><p>and new growth areas. Due to the diversity of our acvies</p><p>we work closely with a large variety of organisaons</p><p>including regulators, trade associaons, local and naonal</p><p>government departments and representaves of the</p><p>shipping, aviaon and sheries industries.</p><p>Our structure</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 6/16</p><p>With responsibility for around half</p><p>the foreshore in the UK, the marine</p><p>estate has built strog relaoshis</p><p>with local authories, orts ad</p><p>harbours, coservao ad statutory</p><p>bodies as well as substaal umbersof companies and individuals.</p><p>We have thousands of leases or</p><p>liceces for works ad acvies with</p><p>these orgaisaos, icludig over</p><p>17,000 licensed moorings, marinas,</p><p>Coastal assets</p><p>jees ad otoos. We also rovide</p><p>liceces to udertake metal detecg</p><p>o beaches ad give lmig coset</p><p>for lm roducos.</p><p>In Scotland the demand for mooringad achorage sace is arcularly high,</p><p>with over 5,500 licensed moorings across</p><p>the whole of Scotland. The marine estate</p><p>rovides a imortat role i facilitag</p><p>the provision of mooring space for the</p><p>Scosh boag commuity.</p><p>Our business sectors</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 7/16</p><p>Aquaculture</p><p>The Crown Estate has over 900</p><p>aquaculture sites leased aroundthe UK. The idustry is a sigicat</p><p>employer in some of the UKs most</p><p>fragile rural coastal commuies,</p><p>as well as being an important food</p><p>industry worth over 400 million</p><p>per annum.</p><p>In the UK, aquaculture covers a wide</p><p>range of plants and animals, from</p><p>seaweeds through mussels, oysters</p><p>and scallops to salmon, halibut and</p><p>cod. This provides sources of bothfood, ad the oteal to roduce</p><p>chemicals and bio-fuels from marine</p><p>biomass our newest business sector.</p><p>Much of aquaculture takes lace i</p><p>the inshore waters of the west coast of</p><p>Scotland and the Western and Northern</p><p>Isles, where the most favourable</p><p>codios for aquaculture are to befound. However, the industry is growing,</p><p>arcularly with shellsh roduco</p><p>developing across other parts of the</p><p>UK. Aquaculture is responding well</p><p>to delivering the growing demand for</p><p>seafood, as tradioal cature sheriesbegin reaching their sustainable limits.</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 8/16</p><p>The farming of marine macro-algae </p><p>commonly known as seaweed can</p><p>be used to produce biomass to heat</p><p>homes or rovide a source of echemicals or transport fuels.</p><p>Large scale farming of seaweed to</p><p>produce biomass has advantages over</p><p>land-based farming which requires</p><p>sigicat areas of oe valuable</p><p>Marine biomass</p><p>land, which in the process sees it</p><p>comeg with food, feed, forestry </p><p>and nature.</p><p>Our focus ow is to ivesgate the</p><p>best way to grow, harvest and process</p><p>seaweed, and to understand the</p><p>economic, environmental and social</p><p>impacts of large-scale seaweed farming</p><p>in the sea around the UK.</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 9/16</p><p>Millios of tos of sad ad gravel</p><p>are used across the costrucoindustry and for coastal defence.</p><p>We manage nearly all marine sand</p><p>ad gravel resources lyig oshore</p><p>the UK with extraco cocetrated</p><p>oshore i Eglad ad Wales. Twetyper cent of all sand and gravel used</p><p>for costruco i the UK comes from</p><p>our marine estate.</p><p>Marine minerals</p><p>We also have interests in potash rocks</p><p>containing potassium which are usedrimarily as a ferliser. Mied at over 700</p><p>metres below the seabed, the mineral is</p><p>processed above ground. Salt produced</p><p>from the mine is used for road grit.</p><p>We work in partnership with industryand regulators to improve the</p><p>sustainability performance of the sector</p><p>through investment in the development</p><p>of kowledge ad best racce.</p><p>CO</p><p>URTESYOFBMApA</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 10/16</p><p>The potenal for Britain</p><p>to lead in the oshore wind</p><p>industry is immense. We need</p><p>thousands of oshore turbines</p><p>over the next ten years and</p><p>beyond, and manufacturing</p><p>these needs large factories</p><p>which have to be on the coast.</p><p>The prime Miister,</p><p>Rt Ho David Camero Mp</p><p>Oshore wind energy</p><p>prime Miister David Cameros words</p><p>give a clear idicao of the hugeimact that oshore wid eergy will</p><p>have on all our futures.</p><p>The UK is curretly geerag</p><p>1.5GW from oerag oshore wid,</p><p>which is more than half of the worldsinstalled capacity.</p><p>The marine estate is focusing on</p><p>deliverig what is the most ambious</p><p>marine renewable energy programme</p><p>in the world, which by 2020, hasthe oteal to see over 25GW</p><p>of clea eergy from oshore wid</p><p>farms i oerao.</p><p>COURT</p><p>ESYOFvESTASOFFSHORE</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 11/16</p><p>Waters o the UK boast some of the</p><p>best natural resources in the world to</p><p>generate electricity from the waves and</p><p>des a emergig idustry, i which theUK is at the forefront of development.</p><p>We have the worlds rst commercial</p><p>wave ad dal stream rogramme i the</p><p>Pentland Firth and Orkney waters, which</p><p>Wave and dal energy</p><p>iteds to deliver 1.6GW of geerag</p><p>capacity by 2020, (0.6GW of wave</p><p>rojects ad 1.0GW dal stream).</p><p>We are also providing development</p><p>rights for demostrao rojects</p><p>aroud the UK, ad are acvely</p><p>laig further leasig ad suorg</p><p>acvies for the comig years.</p><p>What is a gigawa? 1 gigawa (GW) is equal to 1 thousad megawas (MW) or</p><p>1 millio kilowas (kW). A tradioal ower stao caacity is tyically 1-2GW.</p><p>A 1GW oshore wid farm would comrise 200-300 turbies ad roduce eough</p><p>electricity each year to meet the needs of approximately 800,000 households.</p><p>CO</p><p>URTESYOFAqUAMARInEpO</p><p>WER</p><p>COURTESYOFE.On</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 12/16</p><p>The UK is currently a large consumer</p><p>of gas for both domesc ad idustrial</p><p>purposes and is a net importer, which</p><p>means the value we import is higherthan the value we export. Due to</p><p>uctuaos i the suly of gas ad</p><p>seasonal demand, there is a need to</p><p>provide storage, which can be used when</p><p>the demand exceeds the available supply.</p><p>natural gas ca be stored for ideite</p><p>eriods of me by ijecg it ito</p><p>udergroud geological formaos, such</p><p>as depleted gas reservoirs or salt caverns.</p><p>The type and size of storage reservoir</p><p>is determied by the characteriscs</p><p>Natural gas storage</p><p>of demad variaos, for examle</p><p>whether it is for short-term, daily,</p><p>or loger-term seasoal uctuaos.</p><p>The Crown Estate has been involved</p><p>i leasig geological formaos</p><p>for natural gas storage since 1983</p><p>at the Rough eld, which rovides</p><p>a major cotribuo to high demad</p><p>days in winter. Under the Energy Act2008, The Crown Estate obtained rights</p><p>to lease underground storage space</p><p>for atural gas o the UK coetal</p><p>shelf. We have sice egoated lease</p><p>oos for two rosecve gas</p><p>storage facilies. COURTESYOFCEnTRICA</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 13/16</p><p>Carbon dioxide (CO2) is emiedinto the atmosphere whenever fossil</p><p>fuels are burned. One opportunity,</p><p>to help prevent the CO2 building up</p><p>i the atmoshere ad oteally</p><p>causing adverse environmental</p><p>problems is to capture the CO2and then permanently dispose of,</p><p>or store, it deep underground.</p><p>The Energy Act 2008 permits the</p><p>storage of CO2 o the UK coetal</p><p>shelf. In order to undertake suchdevelopments, a lease from The Crown</p><p>Estate to use the seabed is required,</p><p>i addio to regulatory ermissio</p><p>from the government.</p><p>Develoig carbo trasortao adstorage is seen as a vital step towards the</p><p>UK meeg its target for reducig carbo</p><p>emissions over the next two decades.</p><p>This is a ew acvity for The Crow</p><p>Estate, and we are working with all</p><p>CO2 transportaon and storage</p><p>stakeholders including government</p><p>deartmets, develoers ad ulitycompanies to develop detailed</p><p>imlemetao arragemets withi</p><p>UK waters. I addio, over the ext</p><p>ve to 10 years we la to work with</p><p>government to facilitate large-scale</p><p>o-commercial demostrao rojects.</p><p>COURTESYOFSC</p><p>OTTISHpOWER</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 14/16</p><p>Cables, pipelines and new transmission assets</p><p>Around the UK, the seabed is</p><p>crisscrossed with telecommuicaoscables and gas and oil pipelines.</p><p>We provide leases and licences</p><p>for cables and pipelines within 12nm</p><p>around the UK coastline, and need</p><p>to be informed of proposed cablesand pipelines that fall within the 200nm</p><p>limit, as other developments may be</p><p>aected. Our ermissio is codioal</p><p>on the applicant having obtained all</p><p>necessary consents from government</p><p>and demonstrated evidence ofagreement having been reached with</p><p>exisg teats withi the viciity.</p><p>As much as 95 er cet of iteraoal</p><p>iteret ad telehoe trac goes</p><p>through bre oc udersea cables.The UK is considered a key hub for</p><p>the roug of iteraoal systems,</p><p>ideed as the shortest route to</p><p>north America. This is esseal for stock</p><p>exchage iformao, as the shortest</p><p>distance reduces cabling costs and also</p><p>limits the me delay i data trasfer.</p><p>The UK is a stepping stone to Europe,</p><p>Asia and Africa.</p><p>Oil and gas pipelines enable the delivery</p><p>of natural reserves to be brought from</p><p>oshore elds to shore. Their locaos</p><p>arise as a result of the oshore resources</p><p>and onshore processing terminals.</p><p>The develomet of oshore geerao</p><p> which icludes wid, wave ad dal</p><p>energy brings with it a requirement</p><p>for electricity transmission. This is an</p><p>area of our orolio which we evisage</p><p>growing to meet demand.</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 15/16</p><p>Marie laig ad olicy</p><p>We take a sustainable and evidence-based approach to managing our</p><p>business. Our marine asset planning</p><p>caability is suorted by our Marie</p><p>Resource System (MaRS) which has</p><p>more than 500 layers of data, covering</p><p>large arts of the UK coetal shelf.Our kowledge ad exerse of the</p><p>marine environment ensures a pro-</p><p>acve aroach to our maagemet</p><p>and development of the seabed.</p><p>The Crown Estate sets out to workwith the grain of government policy.</p><p>Our engagement in marine andeergy-related olicy is of sigicat</p><p>importance to us.</p><p>Government policy is the key</p><p>iuece o our eergy-related</p><p>busiess, i arcular the rovisioof iceves, targets, regulao</p><p>and investment.</p><p>Our team has a detailed understanding</p><p>of governments policy in these areas</p><p>ad acvely egages i develometad imlemetao.</p></li><li><p>8/2/2019 Marine Who We Are What We Do</p><p> 16/16</p><p>www.thecrownestate.co.uk</p><p>London16 New Burlington Place</p><p>London W1S 2HX</p><p>Tel. 020 7851 5000</p><p>Edinburgh6 Bells Brae</p><p>Edinburgh EH4 3BJ</p><p>Tel. 0131 260 6070</p><p>All facts and gures are correct at me of print.</p><p>Produced by The Crown Estate Summer 2011.</p><p>C000000</p><p>From well-managed forests</p><p>100%</p></li></ul>