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Meters, Grams and Liters

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The Metric System. Meters, Grams and Liters. The Metric System. The metric system is a measurement system based on our decimal (base 10) number system. Other countries and all scientists and engineers use the metric system for measurement. Metric Prefixes. Metric Units - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Meters, Grams and Liters

  • Meters, Grams and Liters

  • The Metric SystemThe metric system is a measurement system based on our decimal (base 10) number system.

    Other countries and all scientists and engineers use the metric system for measurement.

  • Metric Prefixes

    Metric UnitsThe metric system has prefix modifiers that are multiples of 10.

  • Place Values of Metric Prefixes

  • MetersMeters measure length or distanceOne millimeter is about the thickness of a dime.

  • MetersOne centimeter is about the width of a large paper clip

    or your fingernail.

  • MetersA meter is about the width of a doorway

  • MetersA kilometer is about six city blocks or 10 football fields.

    1.6 kilometers is about 1 mile

  • GramGrams are used to measure mass or the weight of an object.

  • GramsA milligram weighs about as much as a grain of salt.

  • Grams1 gram weighs about as much as a small paper clip.

    1 kilogram weighs about as much as 6 apples or 2 pounds.

  • LitersLiters measure liquids or capacity.

  • Liter1 milliliter is about the amount of one drop

  • Liter1 liter is half of a 2 liter bottle of Coke or other soda

  • LiterA kiloliter would be about 500 2-liter bottles of pop

  • Which unit would you use to measure the length of this bicycle? kmmcmmm

  • Which unit would you use to measure the mass of a penny? kmgcLmg

  • Which unit would you use to measure the water in an aquarium? LmcLmg

  • Which unit would you use to measure the mass of a feather? LmcLmg

  • Which unit would you use to measure the mass of a student desk? kggcLmg

  • Which unit would you use to measure the mass of a whole watermelon? kggcLmg

  • Which unit would you use to measure the mass of an egg? kggmmmg

  • Which unit would you use to measure a can of soup? kLLmmmL

  • Which unit would you use to measure this glass of milk? kLLcLmL

  • Which unit would you use to measure the distance across Kansas? kmmcmmL

  • Which unit would you use to measure the height of a tree? kmmcmmm

  • Which unit would you use to measure the length of a bracelet? kmmcmmm

  • Changing Metric UnitsTo change from one unit to another in the metric system you simply multiply or divide by a power of 10.

  • To change from a larger unit to a smaller unit, you need to multiply.1 km x 1000 = 1000 m1 m x 100 = 100 cm1 cm x 10 = 10mm

  • Place Values of Metric PrefixesMove the decimal point to the right to multiply.

  • Place Values of Metric Prefixes

  • To change from smaller units to larger units you divide by a power of ten.1000mm 10 = 100cm100cm 10 = 10dm10dm 10 = 1m

  • Place Values of Metric PrefixesMove the decimal point to the left to divide.

  • Place Values of Metric Prefixes

  • Sorry!That is not the BEST choice!

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