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Nationaal Lucht- en Ruimtevaartlaboratorium – National Aerospace Laboratory NLR “Aerospace education 2020” Vision, innovation, research, sustainable business and the impact on education in 2020 ir. Michel Peters General Director NLR

Michel Peters, NLR

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Vision, innovation, research, sustainable business and the impact on education in 2020

Text of Michel Peters, NLR

  • 1. Aerospace education 2020Vision, innovation, research, sustainable business and the impact o neducation in 2020 ir. Michel Peters General Director NLR

2. Innovation and Education Questions to be answered

  • What is innovation?
    • creating changes....
    • ... commercialisation of inventions
    • ... impact on society and/or business
  • What is education?
    • preparing the people that have to do this...
  • There areVisionsthat showwhyinnovations areneeded in Aviation and Aerospace
    • the challenges we face....
    • the changes to be undertaken...
    • Strategic Research Agendasrecommend solutions...
  • Now how can we make it happen?
    • whichknowledge and skillsdo students need to develop?

3. Content

  • Introduction National Aerospace Laboratory NLR
  • Aeronautics in Europe :no business without vision
  • Netherlands Aviation and Aerospace
  • Knowledge and Innovation Agenda
  • Impact on Education

4. Introduction National Aerospace Laboratory NLR 5. Mission

  • As the innovation center for aerospace expertise in the Netherlands, NLR pursues the following objectives:
    • To support and enhance the innovational and decision-making capabilities of government and industry
    • To develop and apply high-grade technology

Research Centres Universities R&TD ProjectsPerimeter and Interaction TRL 1 TRL 2 TRL 3 TRL 4 TRL 5 TRL 6 TRL 7 TRL 8 TRL 9 Research and technology acquisition Fundamental knowledge Demonstrators Technology feasibility Technology validation Industry Industry Industry Product development 6. Where is NLR? The Netherlands

  • Not for profit foundation
  • approx. 700employees
  • Turnover M79 (2009)
  • ISO 9001:2008, 14001
  • Approx. 50% academicdegree

N L R - A m s t e r d a m N L R - F l e v o l a n d 7. Market orientation NLR stakeholders including clients Civil Aviation (20%)

  • NL Ministry of Transport
  • ANSPs (LVNL)
  • Airports & Airlines
  • Eurocontrol
  • Air Transport related Industry

Aeronautics Industry (37%)

  • Ministry of Economic Affairs & Defence
  • Aeronautics Industry
  • MRO & Logistics Industry
  • Training & ICT Industry
  • Small/Medium Enterprises (SMEs)

Defence Government (36%)

  • Ministry of Defence
  • Operational Commands
  • Military Aviation Authorities
  • Defence Materiel Organisation

Space (7%)

  • Ministry of Economic Affairs / Transport
  • Ministry of Science & Education
  • (Inter-) National Space Industry

8. Some NLR Research facilities Laboratory aircraft Testing facilities Simulators Wind tunnels 9. Aeronautics and Air Transport in Europe Theres no (sustainable) business without a vision 10. From Vision through R&TD to products The European way Vision 2020 Strategic Research Agenda SRA-2 Workprogramme R&TD projects 11. European Aeronautics: A Vision for 2020

  • Air Transport and Aeronautics- Key Assets for the Future of Europe
  • A Vision for European Aeronautics in 2020
    • Responding to societys needs
    • Securing global leadership
    • Establishing supportive public policy and regulation
    • Identifying the research agenda
  • The Way Forward: Creating Partnership for Research and Innovation

Contents 12. Goals for the European Aeronautics Industry

  • Meeting Societys Needs
    • Quality and affordability
    • Safety(5 fold reduction in accident rate)
    • Environment(50% reduction in CO 2per PassKm and 50% reduction ofPerceived Noise)
    • European Air Transport System Capacity (3 fold increase in airspace and airportcapacityin all-weather conditions)
    • Reducing costs
  • Winning Global Leadership
    • Improved Industrial Cooperation Framework
    • Improved national/civil/military research cooperation
    • Improved analytical, design, manufacturing and maintenance tools methods and processes to halve Time to Market

13. EuropeanAeronautical Strategic Research Agenda ACARE October 2002 : The Strategic Research Agenda (SRA)5 Challenges

  • Vision 2020 (January 2001)
  • To meet Societys needs
  • To achieve global leadership for Europe

October 2004 : The SRA 2High level Target Concepts Highly Customer oriented ATS 22 ndCentury

  • 80% cut in NOx emissions
  • Halving perceived aircraft noise
  • 50% cut in CO 2emissions per pass-Km by drastic fuel consumption reduction
  • A green design, manufacturing, maintenance and disposal product life cycle

Quality and Affordability Environment Safety Air Transport System Efficiency Security Very Low Cost ATS Ultra Green ATS Highly time-efficient ATS Ultra Secure ATS 14. Airport of the future Capaciteit ADS-B, Data Link, ASAS Security ATM Total AirportPlanning Groundsurveillance Wakevortices Safety Navi- gation Environment EHAM ASSTAR MA-AFAS AFAS MFF ANASTASIA INTENT 3FMS C-ATM EMMA EMMA2 SPADE2 OPTIMAL SAFEE FLYSAFE ISAWARE ISAWARE2 ASICBA ATC WAKE I-WAKE PATIN EPISODE 3 BRIDGE SESAR SPADE SOURDINE SOURDINE II APPROVE 15. SESAR: Comparison Europe and US Study : EUROCONTROL 2003 900 movements per controller $380 ATM cost / flight 480 movements per controller $667 ATM cost / flight Europe ATM airspace: 10,5 mio. km 47 ATC-organisations (civil + mil.) 58 en-route centre 22 operating systems ATM airspace: 9,8 mio. km USA 1 ATC-organisations (civil + mil.) 21 en-route centre 1 operating systems 16. EU Joint Technology InitiativeClean SkyGreen Rotorcraft Green Engines SMART Wing Aircraft Systems for Green Operation Eco-Design Regional Air Transport Technology Evaluator Simulator Platform AC, ATM, AP (flight segment) 17. Research / Technology and Product Development in Aeronautics Research Centres Universities Product development Research and Technology Acquisition EU Framework Programme Product definition Technology Validation Demonstrators Prototypes Product design and development Fundamental knowledge Technology Development Production years -10 -5 0 +5 Product demonstration Level 1 (max 4 M EU funding) Level 2 (6-40 M EU funding) L3 Joint Technology Initiative 1 2 3 4 5 7 8 9 6 Technology Readiness Levels Industry 18. Knowledge and Innovation Agenda (KIAL) of the Dutch Aviation and Aeronautics sector 19. Key Aviation and Aeronautics assetsin the Netherlands

    • Air France KLMlargest European Airline
    • leads Dow Jones sustainability index airline sector for fifth consecutive year in 2009
    • Schiphol strong in connections
    • 2nd main hub Air France- KLM
    • Dutch innovations on the Airbus A380
      • GLARE
      • Thermoplastic wing elements
      • Wiring Systems

20. Government asks forKnowledge and Innovation Agenda Luchtvaart( KIAL )

  • Conditions:
    • The Netherlands should be easy accessible by air
    • Supportive to governmental policy goals
    • Better use of innovation potential
    • Good dialog between government, companies and research establishments
    • Faster time-to-market of knowledge and innovation

21. From Vision through R&TD to products The Netherlands way Objectives Themes Projects Knowledge and Innovation Agenda Aviation and Aeronautics Proposed NL policy onAir Transport A historic step 22. Ambitions in Four Lines of Action Strengthen sustainable technology position Ensure seamless connections Create value by marketing innovations Strongerbycooperation

  • Ambitions 2020
  • -Higher contribution to GNP
  • - New export value
  • - Optimal accessibility
  • More economic spin-off
  • Less environmental impact
  • and noise
  • Contributions to peace,
  • security and rescue missions
  • Ambitions 2040
  • The Netherlands aviation climate neutral

23. (Some) KIA themes Innovative gates Flying demonstrator More Electric Aircraft Duurzaam onderhoud composiet reparaties Alternate fuels Civil-militaryairspace integration 24. Impact on education 25. Aviation and Aeronautics in a complex system with multi-modal interfaces Ticketing System AirportSystem MRO System Aircraft System Air Transport System,including Regulation, Certification and Inspection Military Aircraft System Fuel distribution System ATCSystem Command andControlSystem Airbase System Air Vehicle System MRO System Aircraft Development System Defence system Transport system Supply Chain System, including Regulation, Certification and Inspection Airport System Operations Industry Road System Rail System Water System Education and training of Human Resources 26. Traditional profesional Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge 27. T-shaped profesional, systems of systems System Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge Discipline Expert Knowledge System Knowledge 28. The complex Air Transport System as the context for the innovation challenges for the Engineer of the future

  • Past Profile
  • (Mono) disciplines
    • Aerodynamics
    • Materials and Structures
    • Flight Mechanics
    • Electronics
    • Instruments and Systems
    • Aero-Elastics
    • Engines
    • Etc.
  • Aircraft Design
  • Future Profile
  • Disciplines
    • Flight Physics
    • Flight Mechanics
    • Propulsion Systems
    • ATM, Avionics, Systems
    • Human Factors, Training, Psychology
    • Airworthiness, Regulation, Certification, Safety
    • Supply Chain Management
    • Environmental Aspects
    • Civil and Military Aircraft Ops
    • Society and Economy
  • Total Air Transport System Design

29. But there is more than technology only! Become synergetic

  • Become a highlysynergetic thinkerto create Sustainable and Seamless aviation!
  • Multi-national and multi-culturalco-operationcapability
  • become highly communicative
  • to become a sustainable and seamless actor!

30. Life-long learning requires co-operation between Unis, REs, Industry, Operators and Authorities Unis Airport Regulation, Certification and Inspection MROAircraft EngineIndustry Systems MROATM Systems Industry Aircraft Operators ANSPs REs Universities and REs should complement 31. Vision in Europe ACARE Vision 2020 >> 2050

  • SRA-1 already stated:
    • Europe needs an e ducational system capable of delivering the required diverse and multi-cultural skilled research workforce.
  • ACARE starts preparing an update of its vision 2020 > 2050
  • Why?
    • Aeronautics and Air Transport represented 1.9% of the jobs in Europe in 2000, which is expected to grow by up to 3.8 million jobs in 2020.
  • Impact on people and eduction?
    • Aeronautics has always been inspirational and has attracted engineers and technicians with the creativity and innovation needed for technological progress
      • job as a mission
    • People recognise aerospace as one of the major drivers of the high-skill levels in society

32. Concluding remarksFrom Vision through R&TD to products Proposed NL policy onAir Transport Vision 2020 Strategic Research Agenda SRA-2 Workprogramme R&TD projects Objectives Programme Projects Knowledge and Innovation Agenda Aviation and Aeronautics 33. Concluding remarks

  • EU and NL have a clear vision on the future of aviation and aeronautics
  • Major challenges are in making it sustainable green and seamless efficient
  • National and international co-operation are key to achieve the goals
  • Education is essential to achieve these challenges:
    • understand the Air Transport System as a whole
    • combine it with deep disciplinary or design knowledge
    • develop excellent communication skills
    • stimulate job as a mission
      • long-life learning, self-directed or autonomous
      • in close co-operation with partners

34. Questions ???? Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 2050 35.