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A woman’s veil, in time a simple strip of fabric that framed the face, covering the ears. A woman’s veil, in time a simple strip of fabric that framed the face, covering the ears. Barbe (Barbette) Barbe (Barbette) The forerunner of trousers. They consisted of two pant legs, which weren’t necessarily joined. The forerunner of trousers. They consisted of two pant legs, which weren’t necessarily joined. Chausses

Middle Ages Spelling Vocabulary 3 Part Cards 2

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A womans veil, in time a simple strip of fabric that framed the face, covering the ears.

A womans veil, in time a simple strip of fabric that framed the face, covering the ears.

Barbe (Barbette)

Barbe (Barbette)

The forerunner of trousers. They consisted of two pant legs, which werent necessarily joined.

The forerunner of trousers. They consisted of two pant legs, which werent necessarily joined.

Chausses

Chausses

An overtunic, often richly decorated with furs and/or heraldic designs. Styles varied over the course of the Middle Ages and Renaissance.

An overtunic, often richly decorated with furs and/or heraldic designs. Styles varied over the course of the Middle Ages and Renaissance.

Surcote

Surcote

Ornamental handwriting.

Ornamental handwriting.

Calligraphy

Calligraphy

Makeup, based on medieval ideals of beauty, could be poisonous, e.g., some ladies used white lead to make their skin look pale.

Makeup, based on medieval ideals of beauty, could be poisonous, e.g., some ladies used white lead to make their skin look pale.

Maquillage

Maquillage

Fortified central building of a castle.

Fortified central building of a castle.

Dungeon/Donjon

Dungeon/Donjon

Anon-- instantly, right away, it came to mean eventually.

Awful-- full of awe, awe-inspiring, a compliment.

Knave-- male child, boy, servant or man of low birth.

Oyez-- call for attention, essentially: All of Ye listen!

Varlet-- knave, attendant, youth acting as page to a knight. {Like knave, this eventually acquired negative connotations equivalent to calling a man: boy.}

Zounds-- a serious oath (swear word), short for Gods Wounds.

Anon-- instantly, right away, it came to mean eventually.

Awful-- full of awe, awe-inspiring, a compliment.

Knave-- male child, boy, servant or man of low birth.

Oyez-- call for attention, essentially: All of Ye listen!

Varlet-- knave, attendant, youth acting as page to a knight. {Like knave, this eventually acquired negative connotations equivalent to calling a man: boy.}

Zounds-- a serious oath (swear word), short for Gods Wounds.

Slang Terms

Slang Terms

Horizontal slice of bread used as a plate. If you werent too hungry, your uneaten trencher would be collected and given as alms to the poor.

Horizontal slice of bread used as a plate. If you werent too hungry, your uneaten trencher would be collected and given as alms to the poor.

Trencher

Trencher

Loose undergarment worn by men & women as underwear, nightgown & (on rare occasion) swimsuit.

Loose undergarment worn by men & women as underwear, nightgown & (on rare occasion) swimsuit.

Chemise

Chemise

Item that a lady presented a lord to show her esteem and support. Lords wore them to indicate that they fought for a particular ladys honour.

Item that a lady presented a lord to show her esteem and support. Lords wore them to indicate that they fought for a particular ladys honour.

Favor/Favour

Favor/Favour

Bloodletting, by either leeching or bleeding, thought to be a cure for many ills.

Bloodletting, by either leeching or bleeding, thought to be a cure for many ills.

Cupping

Cupping

Science of creating, recording, and reading Coats of Arms, which identified members of the nobility.

Science of creating, recording, and reading Coats of Arms, which identified members of the nobility.

Heraldry

Heraldry

A 'closet' where wastechutes were located because the smell discouraged moths.

A 'closet' where wastechutes were located because the smell discouraged moths.

Garderobe

Garderobe

Alcoholic drink made with fermented honey.

Alcoholic drink made with fermented honey.

Mead

Mead

Pit or cell under a donjon, where prisoners might be thrown and forgotten.

Pit or cell under a donjon, where prisoners might be thrown and forgotten.

Oubliette

Oubliette

Rare dish, exotic in taste, preparation, or appearance. Illusion foods were a type of subtletie that looked like something they were not.

Rare dish, exotic in taste, preparation, or appearance. Illusion foods were a type of subtletie that looked like something they were not.

Subtletie (Subtlety)

Subtletie (Subtlety)

Quilted jacket first worn as armor, later worn as padding under other armor.

Quilted jacket first worn as armor, later worn as padding under other armor.

Gambeson

Gambeson

Generic term for belt, some were very wide and tight, others were long & metal or jewel encrusted.

Generic term for belt, some were very wide and tight, others were long & metal or jewel encrusted.

Girdle

Girdle

Four body fluids that were believed to govern an individuals health and personality: blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile.

Four body fluids that were believed to govern an individuals health and personality: blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile.

Humors/Humours

Humors/Humours

Illustration and colorful ornamentation appearing on manuscript pages.

Illustration and colorful ornamentation appearing on manuscript pages.

Illumination

Illumination