Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    1/24

     ___________ refers to knighthood, knightscollectively, or the characteristics expected of a knight: valor, nobility, fairness, courtesy,

    respect for women, and protection of theweak.

     ___________ refers to knighthood, knightscollectively, or the characteristics expected ofa knight: valor, nobility, fairness, courtesy,

    respect for women, and protection of theweak.

    Chivalry Chivalry

     _____________ is a solemn oath between avassal and his liege, pledging service in returnfor protection.

     _____________ is a solemn oath between avassal and his liege, pledging service in returnfor protection.

    Fealty Fealty

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    2/24

    A ____________ refers to lands held as a resultof fealty. The obligation of service and landsgranted in return sometimes passed fromfather to son.

    A ____________ refers to lands held as a resultof fealty. The obligation of service and landsgranted in return sometimes passed fromfather to son.

    Fief  Fief 

    A ______________ is mock warfare; generallybegun on horseback, combat could continueon foot and might only end when oneparticipant surrendered or was killed... Anextremely rough sport.

    A ______________ is mock warfare; generallybegun on horseback, combat could continueon foot and might only end when oneparticipant surrendered or was killed... Anextremely rough sport.

     Joust  Joust

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    3/24

    A _____________ is an overlord, to whom avassal swore loyalty and support, who !inreturn" pledged to honor and protect hisvassal or #liegeman.$

    A _____________ is an overlord, to whom avassal swore loyalty and support, who !inreturn" pledged to honor and protect hisvassal or #liegeman.$

    Liege Liege

     _______________ is armor composed chie%y ofsmall, inter&locking metal rings.

     _______________ is armor composed chie%y ofsmall, inter&locking metal rings.

    Mail Mail

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    4/24

     ____________ is armor composed of several,over&lapping or connected sections of metal,

    shaped to the contours of the wearer's body.

     ____________ is armor composed of several,over&lapping or connected sections of metal,

    shaped to the contours of the wearer's body.

    Plate Plate

     _________________ is money a vassal mightsubstitute for the actual service pledged hisliege, i.e. the amount it would cost to hiresomeone else to do the (ob.

     _________________ is money a vassal mightsubstitute for the actual service pledged hisliege, i.e. the amount it would cost to hiresomeone else to do the (ob.

    Scutage Scutage

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    5/24

     _________________ is a form of (ousting, inwhich opponents tried to knock one anotherfrom the saddle using long lances. The matchended when a )ghter fell, but if the lanceswere sharp, tilting could be as dangerous asregular (ousting*

     _________________ is a form of (ousting, inwhich opponents tried to knock one anotherfrom the saddle using long lances. The matchended when a )ghter fell, but if the lanceswere sharp, tilting could be as dangerous asregular (ousting*

    Tilting Tilting

    A ______________ is one who pledged service!usually military" to a feudal lord in return forland, support, or political favors.

    A ______________ is one who pledged service!usually military" to a feudal lord in return forland, support, or political favors.

    Vassal Vassal

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    6/24

    An __________ is a beginner or novice whoagrees to work for a master in his trade orcraft in return for instruction and support.

    An __________ is a beginner or novice whoagrees to work for a master in his trade orcraft in return for instruction and support.

    Apprentice

    Apprentice

     ____________ refers to sending children to livewith friends, relatives, or political allies tolearn necessary social skills, rather likeboarding school.

     ____________ refers to sending children to livewith friends, relatives, or political allies tolearn necessary social skills, rather likeboarding school.

    Fostering Fostering

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    7/24

     ___________ refers to choosing +odparents forchildren; a way to cement alliances, aschildren were often fostered to their+odparents, which created lasting tiesbetween households.

     ___________ refers to choosing +odparents forchildren; a way to cement alliances, aschildren were often fostered to their+odparents, which created lasting tiesbetween households.

    Gossipry Gossipry

    A ___________ is a young person in the processof learning social etiuette by waiting onhis-her elders.

    A ___________ is a young person in the processof learning social etiuette by waiting onhis-her elders.

    Page Page

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    8/24

     The ______________ are the ma(or studies:math, music, geometry and astronomy.

     The ______________ are the ma(or studies:math, music, geometry and astronomy.

    Quadrivium

    Quadrivium

    A _____________ is a noble's chiefadministrator, or business manager.

    A _____________ is a noble's chiefadministrator, or business manager.

    Senescha Senescha

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    9/24

    l   l

    A !!!!!!!!! is a farm laborer, one step upfrom a slave. erfs could not come and go asthey pleased, but they could not be sold awayfrom their homes and families.

    A !!!!!!!!! is a farm laborer, one step upfrom a slave. erfs could not come and go asthey pleased, but they could not be sold awayfrom their homes and families.

    Serf Serf 

    A ____________ is an apprentice knight, often

    an elder page in training to become a knight.

    A ____________ is an apprentice knight, often

    an elder page in training to become a knight.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    10/24

    S"uire   S"uire

     The _____________ are the lesser studies:grammar, logic and rhetoric.

     The _____________ are the lesser studies:grammar, logic and rhetoric.

    TriviumTrivium

    A _____________ is a villager, freeman, or citydweller. A _____________ is a villager, freeman, or citydweller.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    11/24

    Villein   Villein

    #ar$e %#ar$ette&&& woman's veil, in time asimple strip of fabric that framed the face,covering the ears.

    Chausses&& the forerunner of trousers. Theyconsisted of two pant legs, which weren'tnecessarily (oined.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    12/24

     

    Chemise&& loose undergarment worn by men/ women as underwear, nightgown / !on rareoccasion" swimsuit.

    Favor&& item that a lady presented a lord toshow her esteem and support. 0ords worethem to indicate that they fought for aparticular lady's honor.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    13/24

     

    Gam$ison&& uilted (acket )rst worn asarmor, later worn as padding under otherarmor.

    Girdle&& generic term for belt, some werevery wide and tight, others were long, /metal or (ewel encrusted.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    14/24

     

    Surcote&& an overtunic, often richlydecorated with furs and-or heraldic designs.tyles varied over the course of the 1iddleAges and 2enaissance.

    Calligraphy&& ornamental handwriting.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    15/24

     

    Cupping&& bloodletting, either by leeching orbleeding, thought to be a cure for many ills..

    'eraldry&& science of creating, recording, andreading 3oats of Arms, which identi)edmembers of the nobility.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    16/24

     

    1iddle Ages

    1iddle Ages1iddle Ages

    'umors&& four body %uids which werebelieved togovern an individual's health and personality:blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    17/24

     

    (llumination&& illustration and colorfulornamentation appearing on manuscriptpages.

    Ma"uillage&& makeup, based on medievalideals of beauty, could be poisonous, e.g.: some ladiesused white lead to make their skin look pale.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    18/24

     

    )ungeon*)on+on&& forti)ed central buildingof a castle.

    Gardero$e4a 5closet' where wastechuteswere located because the smell discouragedmoths.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    19/24

     

    Mead&& alcoholic drink made with fermentedhoney,

    -u$liette&& pit or cell under a don(on, whereprisoners might be thrown and forgotten.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    20/24

     

    Su$teltie %Su$telty&.. rare dish, exotic intaste,preparation, or appearance. 6llusion foodswere a type of subteltie which looked likesomething they were not.

    Trencher&& hori7ontal slice of bread used as aplate. 6f you weren't too hungry, your uneatentrencher would be collected and given asalms to the poor.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    21/24

     

    Anon&& instantly, right away, it came to mean5eventually'.

    A/ful&& full of awe, awe inspiring, acompliment.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    22/24

     

    0nave&& male child, boy, servant or man oflow birth.

    -ye1&& call for attention, essentially: #All of 8e$ listen*

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    23/24

     

    Varlet&& knave, attendant, youth acting aspage to aknight. 90ike knave, this eventually acuirednegative connotations euivalent to calling aman: #boy$.

    2ounds&& a serious oath !swear word", shortfor #+od'sounds$.

  • 8/20/2019 Middle Ages Vocabulary 3 Part Cards Part 2

    24/24