Minix Minix PC - kntu.ac.ir 1 Minix Minix PC GNU Red hat - Mandrake - Suse - GNU General public licence-1Free

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  • 1

    Minix

    PCMinix

    GNU

    Red hat -

    Mandrake -

    Suse -

    1 - GNU General public licence - Free Software Fondation

  • Fedora

    Debian -

    Knopix -

    Ubuntu

    ““

    /root

    /boot“/”

    /bin

    /root

    /dev

    /homemydocument

    /etc

    /sbinconfig

  • 3

    /lib

    /apt

    /proc

    /usr

    /mnt

    /varlog

    multi user

    alt+ctrl+f1…f6

    alt+ctrl+f7

    enterpassword

    *

    username@computer name:~>

    ~(/home/username)

    $

    rootroot

    $#

  • 4

    NTFSFAT16 FAT32

    EXT2EXT3JFSXFSSWAP

    man

    man lsls

    info

    info

    info lsls

    ls

    ls

    ls -l

    d

    l

    –rw-x

  • 5

    ls -ahiddenhidden“ . “

    ls|morels

    enterdown

    spacepage down

    ls|less

    page downpage up

    updown

    pwd

    /home/username

    mkdir

    mkdir testtest

  • 6

    test2test3

    –pmkdir -p test2\test3

    cd

    cd testtest

    cd ../home/user1/test

    cd../home/user1

    cat

    cat> test1test1

    ctrl+d

    cat>>test1(append)

    ctrl+d

    touch

    rmdir

    rm

    rm -r

    mv

    mv

    mv

    cp

    cp

    history

    bash

  • 7

    head

    head

    head -nnn

    tail

    tail

    tail -nnn

    find

    -namefind

    -userfind

    grep

    grep root /etc/passwd/etc/passwdroot

    mount

    mount

    /devcdrom

    cd

    mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdromcdrom/mmt

    mkdir /mnt/cdrommount

    cd/mnt/cdrom

    cut

    cat

  • 8

    cat>az

    ali akbari computer

    reza razavi computer

    ctrl+d

    cut -c 2 az

    cut –f 2 az

    ln

    test1

    ln test1 test2test1test2

    Ln -s test1 test3test1test3.

    shortcut

    sort

    sort

    test4

    3-suse hardware

    4-fedora network

    1-redhat kernel

    2-ubuntu general

    sort -n test4test4sort

    sort -k 2 test4test4sort

    sort -r

    who

  • 9

    whoami

    shutdown

    Shutdown -r 2

    Shutdown -h now

    root

    ps

    clear

    du

    test4

    du test4test4

    df

    hostname

    wc

    Wc –l -w -c test4–l–w–c

    free

    chmod

  • 11

    chmod u+x filename

    chmod u+r filename

    chmod u+w filename

    chmod g+x filename

    chmod g+r filename

    chmod g+w filename

    chmod a+x filename

    chmod a+r filename

    chmod a+w filename