1. Understanding Micro Elements inFilm OpeningsBy Aaron McGreevy
2. Mise en scene 3. SettingThe opening scene is set in a house at nighttime in thekitchen. I know this because there is food and other kitchenitems in the shot. It is set at night which is a genericconvention for a horror movie. 4. DecorDuring the shot there is various objects to set the scene suchas sofas, tables and a TV. It is set out to look exactly what anormal home would look like so the audience believes that itis a real house and that it could happen to them. 5. Props In the opening sequence there are many props which can beseen in the shot such as TV remote, fruit bowl and a glass sheis holding. The reason she has a glass in her hand is to make itlook like she is just going about a normal routine ,so it makesit a believable experience which could happen to any one. 6. CostumeThe costume for the character is casual as she is justwearing a shirt that suggest she has just come homefrom work and she is an average person than anybodycan relate to. 7. Body LanguageThe actors body language shows that she is scared aswhen she is walking up the stairs she proceeds withcaution. Also she is hiding behind the wall so herbody language show she is terrified of what she mayfind at the top of the stairs , this fits the genericconventions. 8. Extreme close upThe idea of this extreme close up is that isemphasise the door handle and focuses the viewersattention on a specific object. We know that theperson is going to open the door as it focused on.The use of this shows the viewer that it is the focalpoint of the scene and creates the feeling ofanticipating what is going to happen next. 9. Close upThe close up of the main character is used to showfacial expressions in detail and this particular shot toshow fear which is good for horror movies. This willprovoke a response from the audience as they get tosee how the character is feeling. 10. Medium ShotThe medium shot is used to show the main actor as well asthe costume and some of the location. This also shows bodylanguage and facial expressions so you get both instead of oneor the other. It is also good for showing something in thebackground for example if someone is creeping up frombehind which is used widely in the horror genre. 11. Long shotThe long shot is used to show the surroundingsand location. It also shows the whole of thecharacter however it does not show their facialexpressions but it useful in showing thecharacters body language. 12. High Angle ShotThis type of shot is used to look down on the actorand for them to appear weak and vulnerable. It alsomake the viewer feel more powerful as they arehigher up. Also it is used in horror movies if theperson is scared and we are meant to feel empathyfor them. 13. Point of view shotThe point of view shot is used in this openingscene to show anticipation of what is around thecorner as it slowly moves into view. This createsgreat tension for the viewer as they are unawareof what is going to be revealed. This heightensthe suspense and is used frequently is horrorfilms. It makes the viewer feel the fear that theyand that they are in the room with them. 14. Shallow FocusThis is when the main focus of the camera is a sharpimage and the background is out of focus. This is to drawyour attention to a specific point. This creates amysterious effect for the viewer as they are unaware andunsure what is happening in the background. 15. ZoomThe zoom is used to focus on something specific from a distanceand then it appears close up and large this gets the viewerintrigued . In this opening scene it is used to zoom in from a longshot to a close up of her facial expressions. Also it can zoom outfrom the face to show the location and costume. 16. CutThe cut is used to move from on angle or scene toanother. In this opening scene the cut is used toshow what she is looking at and then it cuts to herfacial expressions. It is used to keep the viewerinterested instead of just watching the samecamera angle. 17. Low angle shotThe low angle shot is used to look upwards to thecharacter and to make them look powerful. Howeverin this scene the main character is not powerful so ithas a reverse effect also the camera is stationary atthe end of the hall .Which highlights the water on thefloor and makes you ask why it is there ?. 18. PaceThe pace of this film is slow , as it is a horror film it is buildingup suspense and leading towards the climax. There are manycuts but are not as frequent as an action film. The wholetempo is slow as she is cautious this suggests she is scared sothis fits the generic conventions of a typical horror movie.Also it zooms in slow which builds up tension and increasesyour interest. 19. PerformanceThe physical expression of the main character is frightened sothis suggest they are portraying the emotion of fear. You canalso tell that she is scared by how she speaks for example sheasks if anyone is there this tells us that she is unsure andwonders what is happening. This follows the conventions of ahorror film leading up to the climax. There is no othercharacters for her to interact with so she is cautious when shewalks exploring the house. 20. Diegetic SoundThere is a lot of examples of diegetic sound in the openingscene. For example when she is walking out of the kitchen theTV turns on. It is making a noise ,because of this it is diegeticsound as she reacts to it as it part of the narrative and theactor is meant to hear it. As she is home alone there is noother sound for example people chatting and other noise. Thisnot only makes it believable but adds to the effect e.g. anynoise would emphasised even more as it is silent. In manyhorror films the character always seems to be in a silent housealone. She also hears a noise up stairs and goes up toinvestigate this is another example of diegetic sound as herattention is drawn to what is happening upstairs. 21. Non- DiegeticIn this opening scene there are no examples of Non-Diegetic sound this is unusual for a horror film, as there isno theme music or music to set the mood because of thisthere is only diegetic sound. This not only makes it morepowerful but more realistic as there is silence which givesthe opening scene a unique feel. Due to this there is moreemphasis on the sounds that you do hear e.g. theimportance of the TV and video tape.