Mites Associated with Vine Trees in the U.A.R. (Acarina)

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  • Mites Associated with Vine Trees in the U.A.R. (Acarina)

    By ABD EL TAWAB A. YOUSEF~

    Abstract

    Mites inhabiting vines in U.A.R. fall into the two suborders Trombidiformes and Mesostig- mata. Seven trombidiform species belonging to the superfamilies Tetranychoidea and Erio- phyoidea were recorded, of which Tentlipalpus granati Sayed, Tetranychus arabicus Attiah, Eriophyes oculiwitis Attiah and Eriophyes vitis (Pgst.) were persistent pests, while Brewi- palpus phoenicis (Geijskes), Brevipalpus lewisi McG., and Oligonychus vitis Zaher and Shehata were less abundant. Also, the raphignathoid predetor mite, Agistemus exsertus (Gonzalez), was found associated with the other phytophagous species. Of the Mesostig- mata, the two phytoseiid mites, Phytoseiur plttrnifer (C. Pr F.) and Typhloduomus pyri Scheuten were recorded.

    Introduction

    Investigations by ATTIAH (1956 and 1969), YOUSEF (1967), SHEHATA (1967) and GOMAA (1968) indicated that vines are inhabited by several mite species, some of which are plant feeders and the others are predators. In the present study a complete picture of the mites occurring on vines, their distribution and abundance in different localities of the U.A.R. are given.

    Key to the collected Species

    1. Pedipalpal tarsus with two tined claws; stigmata located in the area between coxae I1 and anterior margins of coxae IV, usually associated with elongated peritreme. Chelicerae with opposed chelae, male chelae with spermatodactyl. With not more than 20 pairs of dorsal setae; ven- tral and anal plates contiguous . . . . Suborder MESOSTIGMATA

    Not as above . . . . Suborder TROMBIFORMES . . . (2) 2 . Body worm like, rings similar above as below; with two pairs of legs in

    the adult stage; shield setae in front of rear margin of shield . . . (9) Body normal, with four pairs of legs in the adult stage; tracheal system

    distinct, peritremes may be present; palpus with a thumb-claw complex Cohort PROMATA, Subcohort ELEUTHEROGONA . . . . . . (3)

    3. Movable chelae very long, whiplike, strongly recurved proximally and set in an eversible stylophore. Genital opening transverse . . . .

    Family PHYTOSEIIDAE Berlese . . . . . . . . . . . . (8)

    Plant Protection Laboratory National Research Centre, Dokki, U.A.R.

  • 2 Abd El Tawab A . Yousej

    . . . . . . . . . . . . Superfamily TETKANYCHOIDEA (4) Movable chela not as above. Genital opening longitudinal. Empodial

    raylets originate on an erect rod. Dorsum with one unpaired plate covers any part of middorsal line of hysterosoma (suranal plate excepted). With prominent post-ocular bodies . . . . Superfamily RAPHIGNATHOI- DEA, Family STIGMAEIDAE Oudemans, Agistemus exsertus (Gonzalez).

    (5) . . . . . . . .

    5. Empodium claw like, about as long as the proximoventral setae. Wlth twelve pairs of dorsal setae arranged in six transverse rows: 2 , 4, 6, 4, 4, 4. The shaR of aedeagus bent a t right angle . . . . . . . . . .

    Empodium consisting of three pairs of hairs, the proximoventral spur short. Lobes of dorsal integumentary striae most frequently oblong; color usually green, occasionally yelowish or dark green . . . . . . .

    6. Body triangular with tapperd posterior end; hysterosoma with three pairs

    Body with a broad podosoma and a narrow opisthosoma; hysterosoma with one pair of dorsocentral setae. Podosoma with two pairs of posterior medioventral setae . . . . . . . . Tenuipalpus gvanati Sayed

    7. Tarsus I1 with one sensory rod; dorsal seta of femur I and femur I1 lanceolate, serrate, about half as long as width of segment. Hysterosoma with six pairs of dorsolateral setae, slightly lanceolate, serrate . . . .

    Tarsus I1 with two sensory rods; femur I and femur I1 each with dor- sal seta broadly lanceolate, serrate about three fourths as long as width of segment. Hysterosoma with five pairs of dorsolateral setae, lanceolate, serrate . . . . . . . . . . Bvevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes)

    8. Seta Si on dorsal shield, dorsal setae thickened, thornlike and heavily serrated. Ventri-anal plate elongate with lateral margins concaved besides the third pre-anal; with three pairs of pre-anal setae of equal length

    Seta Si on interscutal membrane, lateral setae not thickened or ser- rated. Ventri-anal plate pentagonal, with four pairs of pre-anal setae

    9. Feather claw with five rays; body rings with a round and more spaced micro-tubercles: . . . . . . . . Eviophyes vitis (Von Siebold)

    Feather claw with six rays; body rings with a longitudinal and more compact micro-tubercles . . . . . . Eriophyes oculivitis Attiah

    4. Palpi with thumb-claw complex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Family TETKANYCHIDAE Donnadieu . . . .

    Family TENUIPALPIDAE Berlese (6)

    Oligonychus vitis Zaher and Shehata

    Palpi simple, without a thumb-claw complex . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tetranychus avabicus Attiah

    of dorsocentral setae Genus Bvevipalpus Donnadieu (7 ) . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bvevipalpus lewisi McGregor

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Phytoseius plumifev (C. & F.)

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typhlodromus pyvi Scheuten

    Suborder Trombidiformes Supercohort Prostigmata

    Cohort Promata

    Seven trombidiform mite species of the subcohort Eleutherogona and Tetra- podili, and belonging to the cohort promata were recorded. The Eleuthero-

  • Mites Associated with Vine Tsees in the U.A.R. 3

    gona inincluded the superfamily Tetranychoidea and Raphignathoidea. The 'retranychoidea was represented by two tetranychid and three tenuipalpid species, n-hile only one stigiiiaeid species of the superfamily Rapignathoidea was found. The subcohort Tetrapodili included the superfamily Eriophyoi- dea, of which two plant feeding mites belonging to family Eriophyidae were rccorded.

    Subcohort Eleutherogona

    Superfamily Tetranychoidea

    Family Tetranychidae Donnadieu, 1871

    Tetranychus avabicus Attiah

    Tahreer Governorates. This species was collected from vine leaves, in Alexandria, Fayoum and

    Oligonychus vitis Zaher and Shehata

    It was recorded on vine leaves in Assuit (ZAHER and SHEHATA 1965 and SOLIMAN 1966); Fayoum, Kom Ombo, El Menia and Suez Governorates '(SOLIMAN 1966). This species was olso collected from the same host in Cairo and Natroon Valley.

    Tetranychus arabicus Attiah and Oligonychus vi t is Zaher and Shehata are persistent pests of vines; as the former species is widely distributed.

    Family Tenuipalpidae Berlese, 1913

    Three tenuipalpid mite species were noticed on vine leaves, buds, twigs and beneath the bark of branches. The recorded species were Tenuipalpus granati Sayed, Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) and Bvevipalpus lewisi McG.; the former species was more widely distributed.

    Tenuipalpus granati Sayed S y n o n y m : Tenuipalpus orchidarum Sayed, 1942.

    This species was recorded on vines in different localities of U.A.R.

    Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) S y n o n y m s : Tenuipalpus phoenicis Geijskes, 1939; Brevipalpus phoenicis Sayed,

    1946; Brevipalpus yothersi Baker, 1949; Brevipalpus mcbridei Baker, 1949; Brevipalpas papayensis Baker, 1949; Brevipalpus pseudocuneatus Baker, 1949.

    This species was found on vine leaves in Tahreer and El-Menia Go- vernorates.

    Brevipalpus lewisi McGregor

    It was recorded on vine leaves in Cairo and Bani Suief Governorates.

  • 4 Abd El Tawab A . Youset

    Superfamily Raphignathoidea

    Family Stigmaeidae Oudemans, 1931

    Genus Agistemus Summers, 1960

    The genus Agistemus Summers, is represented by the mite Agistemus exsertus (Gonzalez), which was observed on leaves, buds and twigs of vines, associ- ated with other plant feeding species. Agistemus exsertus (Gonzalez) acts as a successful predator on tetranychid and tenuipalpid species, playing a great role in controlling the phytophagous mites. The S L I C C ~ S S of development of this species on pollen grains when the prey was absent increase its efficacy as a predetor.

    Agistemus exsertus (Gonzalez) S y n o n y ni : Agistemus fleschneri Summers, 1960.

    It was recorded on vines in several parts of U.A.R. (SOLIMAN 1966 and GOMAA 1968).

    Subcohort Tetrapodili

    Superfamily Eriophyoidea

    Family Eriophyidae Nalepa, 1898

    Genus Eriophyes v o n Siebold

    Vines trees are usualy infested by the two mites, Eriophyes vitis (Pgst.) and Eriophyes oculivitis Attiah, the former is a leaf-inhabiting species while the other one infests, the buds. Eriophyes oculivitis Attiah could be considered of great economic importance as it reduced the crop yield and the prospected pruning branches (ATTIAH 1967).

    Eriophyes vitis (Pgst.)

    Fayoum Governorates.

    Eriophyes occulivitis Attiah

    It was recorded by SOLIMAN (1966) on vine leaves in Alexandria and

    ATTIAH (1967) collected it from vine buds in Bagour district.

    Suborder Mesostigmata Supercohort Monognaspida

    Cohort Gamasina

    Superfamily Parasitoidea

    Family Phytoseiidae Berlese, 1916

    Subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese, 1916

    The subfamily phytoseiinae Berlese is represented by the two predators, Phytoseius plumifer (C. & F.) and Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten. They are

  • Mites Associated with Vine Trees in the U.A.R. 3

    widely distributed in different localities of U.A.R., being inore abundant in Lower Egypt and the coastal araes. Investigations by SHEHATA (1967) proved that the two mites species could consume a large number of the prey, but Typhlodromus p y r i Scheuten was inore efficient than Phytoseius plumifer (C. & F.). Also