MLA Citation Style Guide

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Guide to MLA in-text citations and full citations for Works Cited pages.

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Print Sources

Print SourcesBookOne AuthorFormat

Authors last name, first name. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, copyright date.

Example Works Cited Page

Breihan, Carl W. Great Gunfighters of the West. New York: New American Lib., 2004.

Example In Text Citation

While many people idolize Billy the Kid, viewing him as a bold and courageous man, the truth is that William Bonney was not a person to admire. In fact, Bonney killed twenty-one people, in most cases without any acceptable reason (Breihan 112-113).

Two BooksSame Author

Example Works Cited Page

Breihan, Carl W. Great Gunfighters of the West. New York: New American Lib., 2002.

------------. Outlaws of the Old West. New York: Scribners, 2000.

Examples In Text Citations

Dodge City was one of the most notorious settlements of the nineteenth century (Breihan, Great Gunfighters of the West 85).

Bank robbery and cattle hustling were the favorite crimes of organized gangs (Breihan, Outlaws of the Old West 4).

BookTwo Authors

Format

First authors last name, first authors first name, and second authors first name last name. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, copyright date.

Example Works Cited Page

Brown, John H., and William S. Speer. Encyclopedia of the New West. Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, 2003.

Example In Text Citation

Helena, Montana was one of the most profitable mining areas of the nineteenth century (Brown and Speer 37).

BookThree or More Authors

Format

First authors last name, first authors first name, et al. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, copyright date.

Example Works Cited Page

Sheridan, Marion C., et al. The Pacific Northwest. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2001.

Example In Text Citation

On April 3rd, the explorers set out across Puget Sound toward the Olympic Peninsula and immediately ran into a vicious storm (Sheridan, et al. 176).

BookNo AuthorFormat

Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, copyright date.

Example Works Cited Page

Personalities of the West and Midwest. New York: American Biographical Institute, 2000.

Example In Text Citation

After the Civil War, the Federal Government made an effort to civilize the West by assigning U.S. marshals to the territories. However, they werent very effective since they often had to patrol thousands of square miles by themselves (Personalities of the West and Midwest 122).

BookEditor as AuthorFormat

Editors last name, editors first name, ed. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, copyright date.

Example Works Cited Page

Steffan, Jerome O., ed. The American West. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2004.

Example In Text Citation

The Piegans, or Blackfeet, were the most aggressive Indian tribe west of the Mississippi River (Steffan 41).

Book in a Series (for example: Opposing Viewpoints) Format

Authors last name, first name. Article or Chapter Title. Volume Title. Ed. Editors Name. Series Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, copyright date. Rpt. of Original Title. Original Publication Date of Original Publication.

Example Works Cited Page

Rifkin, Jeremy. Humans Should Not Be Genetically Redesigned. Genetic Engineering. Ed. William Dudley. Opposing Viewpoints Series. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1999. Rpt. of Genetic Engineering Serves the Body Politic. Insight 9 Jan. 1995.

Example In Text Citation

We do not have, nor can we acquire, the perspective needed to make intelligent decisions relating to the genetic composition of future generations (Rifkin 74).

Article in an Anthology or Collection Format

Authors last name, authors first name. Selection Title. Anthology Title. Ed. Editors Name. Place of Publication: Publisher, copyright date.

Example Works Cited Page

Gandhi, Mahatma. Non-Violence is the First Article of My Faith. The Penguin Book of Twentieth Century Speeches. Ed. Brian MacArthur. New York: Penguin Putnam, 2005.

Encyclopedia ArticleSignedFormat

Authors last name, first name. Article Title. Name of Encyclopedia, year ed.

Example Works Cited Page

McDonald, Forrest. History of the United States. World Book, 2000 ed.

Example In Text Citation

The Vietnam War claimed the lives of approximately 58,000 Americans (McDonald, vol. 23: 351).

Encyclopedia ArticleUnsignedFormat

Article Title. Name of Encyclopedia, year ed.

Example Works Cited Page

Earp, Wyatt. Colliers Encyclopedia, 2004 ed.

Example In Text Citation

Wyatt Earp, his brothers, and Doc Holliday killed several of Ike Clantons friends in the famous gunfight at the O.K. Corral. Although Earp was a Western legend, he eventually moved to Los Angeles and died there in 1929 (Earp, Wyatt vol. 24: 298-299).

Magazine Article with an Author

Format

Authors last name, first name. Article Title. Name of Magazine, date of magazine: pages used.

Example Works Cited Page

Lyon, Peter. The Wild, Wild West. American Heritage, Aug. 1993: 45-46.

Example In Text Citation

Some of the people in Tombstone, Arizona, wanted to lynch the Earps and Holliday after Clantons friends were killed (Lyon 45).

Magazine Article without an AuthorFormat

Title of Article. Name of Magazine, date of magazine: pages used.

Example Works Cited Page

Drummer. The New Yorker, 27 Oct. 1999: 45.

Example In Text Citation

His bizarre life and unique writing have made Edgar Allen Poe one of the best known writers in the Western world. In fact, more books have been written about Poe than any American writer (Drummer 47).

Pamphlets, Government Documents

Format

Name of Agency. Title of Pamphlet or Document. Place of publication: Publisher, date.

Example Works Cited Page

U.S. Department of Justice. The United States Marshals Service Then . . . and Now. Washington: GPO, Oct. 2004.

Example In Text Citation

Life wasnt easy for U.S. marshals in the nineteenth century. Pay was low and the job was dangerous. To make things worse, most the citizens the marshals were trying to protect were unwilling to cooperate (U.S. Department of Justice 7).

NewspapersFormat

Title of Article. Name of Newspaper, date: section page.

Example Works Cited Page

The Threatened Spotted Owl. The Oregonian, 3 Apr. 2005: B13.

Example In Text Citation

The spotted owl controversy began when a group of biologists determined that the spotted owl depended on a habitat of old growth timber for its survival (The Threatened Spotted Owl B13).

Interview that you conducted

Format

Name of person interviewed. Type of interview (personal, telephone). date.

Example Works Cited Page

Smithson, Jonathan. Personal interview. 14 Jan. 2005.

Example In Text Citation

Relapse is the thing that every addict fears. For those who do not rely on a support group to help them through the rough spots, chances of staying clean are greatly reduced (Smithson).

Sources from Public Access Search EnginesEntire Internet SiteFormat

Title of Site. Ed. Name of Site Editor. Vers. and/or Date of publication or latest update. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site, location of sponsoring institution. Date of access .

Example Works Cited Page

Thomas: Legislative Information on the Internet. Ed. Robert Godwin. Vers. 1.1 Jun. 2001. Library of Congress, Washington. 18 May 2002 .

Entire Internet SitePersonal

Format

Authors last name, authors first name. Home page. Date of creation or latest update. Date of access .

Example Works Cited Page

Friggieri, Vince. Home page. 12 Aug. 2004. 13 Feb. 2005 .

Web Site ArticleOne AuthorFormat

Authors last name, first name. Article Title. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site. Vers. Date of Internet posting. Date of access .

Example Works Cited Page

Sohmer, Steve. 12 June 1599: Opening Day at Shakespeares Globe. Early Modern Literary Studies Vers. 3.1 Jan. 2001. 26 Sept. 2002 .

Example 1 In Text Citation

The debut of Julius Caesar, according to Sohmer, proclaimed Shakespeares Globe a theater of courage and ideas, a place where an audience must observe with the inner eye, listen with the inner ear (par. 44).

Example 2 In Text Citation

Called the first politically motivated playwright, Shakespeare was caught in the ferment of ideas that came out of the Elizabethan Renaissance (Shomer, screens 2-3).

Web siteNo Author, No TitleCheck web site at beginning and end of page for author and title information. Use this format if none can be identified.

Format

.

Example Works Cited Page

.

Example In Text Citation

A 1990 survey found that eleven percent of teens had an eating disorder. This would translate into approximately 716,000 young people nationwide (ftp://ftp.ncifcrf.gov, par. 3).

Sources from Online Subscription Databases

(for example: any the ELM databases or the Britannica Online Encyclopedias)

Magazine or NewspaperFormat

Authors last name, first name. Article Title. Name of Magazine Date of Magazine: Pages. Name of Subscription Service. Date accessed .

Example Works Cited Page

Cook, William J. Molding Minds or Moldy Minds? U.S. News & World Report 25 Mar. 1999: 108-112+. Electric Library. 25 Apr. 2005 .

Example In Text Citation

If its done right, education ought to make students uncomfortable once in a while (Cook, par. 19).

Scholarly JournalFormat

Authors last name, first name. Article Title. Name of Journal Volume Issue (Year): Pages/Paragraphs. Name of Database. Name of Subscription Service. Date accessed .

Example Works Cited Page

Youakim, Sami. Work-Related Asthma. American Family Physician 64 (2001): 1839-52. Health Source Plus. EBSCO. 12 Jan. 2005

Example In Text Citation

See Magazine or Newspaper.

Opposing ViewpointsFormat

Authors last name, first name. Article Title. Volume Title. Ed. Name. Publisher, copyright date. Rpt. Article Title. Original Publication. Original Date of Publication. Name of Database. Name of Subscription Service. Date accessed .

Example Works Cited Page

Post, Stephen G. Commerce in Organs is Unethical. Medical Ethics. Ed. James D. Torr, Current Controversies Series. Greenhaven Press, 2000. Rpt. of Organ Volunteers Serve Body Politic. Insight 9 Jan. 1995. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale Group Databases. 6 Feb. 2005 < http://galenet.galegroup.com>.

Example In Text Citation

See Magazine or Newspaper.

Online EncyclopediaFormat

Article Title. Name of Online Encyclopedia. Original Publication, year of publication. Web. Date accessed.

Example Works Cited Page

"Einstein, Albert." Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1999. Web. 27 Apr. 2009.Subscription DatabaseNo AuthorFormat

Article Title. Name of Journal Volume Issue (Year): Pages/Paragraphs. Name of Database. Name of Subscription Service. Date accessed .

Example Works Cited Page

Environmental Control and Asthma. Clinical Reference System 2001: 731. Health & Wellness Reference Center. Gale Group Databases. 28 Oct. 2004 .

Example In Text Citation

A growing body of scientific evidence is making a strong case supporting the link between environmental pollution and asthma (Environmental Control and Asthma, par. 3).

Other Common Sources

E-Mail

Format

Author (sender). Title of message (if any). E-mail to [name of recipient]. Date of E-mail.

Example Works Cited Page

Moore, Kevin. RE: Dont Despair. E-mail to Jessica Logan. 18 Nov. 2004.

Paintings and Photographs

Artist/photographers last name, first name. Title [if available]. Date of original production [if given]. Name of sponsoring institution, place. Date of access .

Example Works Cited Page

Rivera, Diego. Agrarian Leader Zapata. 1931. Museum of Modern Art, New York. 11 Feb. 2004 .

Tables, Charts and Graphs

Title of Graph or Chart. Descriptive label. Article Title. Original source title Publication date. Database Name. Name of subscription service [if applicable]. Date accessed .

Example Works Cited Page

Crime in Texas. Table. Juvenile Crime Dips in Texas. The Dallas Morning News 20 Jun. 1999. NewsBank NewsFile Collection. 7 May 2004 .

CD-ROM, Entire

Format

Name of Publication. CD-ROM. Place of Publication: Publisher, copyright date.

Example Works Cited Page

Encyclopedia of Islam. CD-ROM. New York: Voyager, 2005.

Example In Text Citation

Like Judaism and Christianity, Islam is a monotheistic religion based on the belief in one God. Muslims use the Arabic word for God, Allah, to refer to the creator of the world and life within it (Encyclopedia of Islam).

CD-ROM, ArticleFormat

Title of Article. Name of Publication. Edition. CD-ROM. Place of Publication: Publisher, date.

Example Works Cited Page

Childrens Television Workshop. Encyclopedia of Television. 2nd ed. CD-ROM. New York: Gibaldi Associates, 2003.

Example In Text Citation

Sesame Street was the first televised series to achieve significant notoriety in the field of childrens programming (Childrens Television Workshop).

Radio or TV ProgramFormat

Title of the episode or segment. Program Title. Name of the network. TV/Radio Station Call Letters, City location of the station. Broadcast date.

Example Works Cited Page

Death and Society. Weekend Edition Sunday. Natl. Public Radio. WUWM, Milwaukee. 25 Jan. 2005.

Example In Text Citation

Studies showed that young people had become desensitized to images of death portrayed in the media (Death and Society).

Sound RecordingCD, LP, Audiocassette

Format

Segment Title. Album Name. Format. Producer, copyright date.

Example Works Cited Page

Love Poetry, II. Whats the Word? CD. Modern Language Association, 2001.

Videocassette or DVD

Begin citation with underlined title and include any of the following information: the director, the distributor, the year of release, and format. You may include other information that seems pertinent, such as the names of the writer, performers, and producer between the title and the distributor.

Format

Title. Dir. Name of Director. Perf. Name(s). Distributor, year of release. Format.Example Works Cited Page

Its a Wonderful Life. Dir. Frank Capra. Perf. James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel Barrymore, and Thomas Mitchell. Republic, 1946. DVD.

Online Book (eBook)

Cite online books as you would cite a printed book, using any original publication information that is available, and then add the date of access and electronic address. You may add in brackets [ ] other relevant information.

Format

Authors last name, first name. Title. [Orginal pu...

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