THEMUFON UFO JOURNALNumber 163 " September 1981
Founded 1967lOFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF
$1.50MUTUAL UFO NETWORK, INC.l
Kresge Auditorium M.I.T. Campus
SPECIAL 1981 SYMPOSIUM ISSUE
The MUFONUFO JOURNAL(USPS 002-970)
. 103 Oidtowne Rd.Seguin, Texas 78155
LEN STRINGFIELDAssociate Editor
MILDRED BIESELEContributing Editor
WALTER H. ANDRUSDirector of MUFON
TED BLOECHERDAVE WEBBCo-Chairmen,
Humanoid Study Group
REV. BARRY DOWNINGReligion and UFOs
TED PHILLIPSLanding Trace Cases
JOHN F. SCHUESSLERUFO Propulsion
DENNIS W. STACYStaff Writer
NORMA E. SHORTDWIGHT CONNELLY
DENNIS HAUCKEditor/Publishers Emeritus
The MUFON UFO JOURNAL ispublished by the Mutual UFONetwork, Inc., Seguin, Texas.Membership/Subscription rates:$15.00 per year in the U.S.A.;$16.00 foreign. Copyright 1981 bythe Mutual UFO Network. Secondclass postage paid at Seguin,Texas. POSTMASTER: Send form3579 to advise change of addressto The MUFON UFO JOURNAL,103 Oidtowne Rd., Seguin, Texas78155.
FROM THE EDITORDue to coverage of the 1981 MUFON UFO Symposium at M.I.T.,
some material had to be deleted from this issue. The regular columnsand features will resume next month.
Terry Hansen's "Mind-Body" article is particularly thought-provoking, and we look forward to readers' comments on it. Also,Len Stringfield answers his critics and provides more backgroundabout the controversial "alien cadaver" photographs.
Early reports on the Center for UFO Studies conference in Chicagothis month indicate that it was of exceptionally high quality. We willbe reporting on it in an upcoming issue.
(Symposium photographs by Dennis Stacy)
In this issue
UFOs: THE HIDDEN EVIDENCE(1981 MUFON Symposium) 3By Dennis Stacy . .
THE MIND-BODY PROBLEM ANDUFO RESEARCH 11By Terry W. Hansen
OF THE CADAVER PHOTOS.By Leonard H. Stringfield
DIRECTOR'S MESSAGE 20By Walt Andrus .
The contents of The MUFON UFO JOURNAL are determined by the editor, anddo not necessarily represent the official position of MUFON. Opinions ofcontributors are their own, and do not necessarily reflect those of the editor, thestaff, or MUFON. Articles may be forwarded directly to MUFON. Responses topublished articles may be in a Letter to the Editor (up to about 400 words) or in ashort article (up to about 2,000 words). Thereafter, the "50% rule" is applied: thearticle author may reply but will be allowed half the wordage used in theresponse; the responder may answer the author but will be allowed half thewordage used in the author's reply; etc. All submissions are subject to editing forstyle, clarity, and conciseness.Permission is hereby granted to quote from this issue provided not more than 200words are quoted from any one article, the author of the article is given credit, andthe statement "Copyright 1981 by the MUFON UFO JOURNAL, 103 Oidtowne Rd.,Seguin, Texas" is included.
UFOs: THE HIDDEN EVIDENCE12TH ANNUAL MUFON SYMPOSIUM
By Dennis Stacy(MUFON Staff Writer)
Orthodox science has long com-plained that the UFO evidence islargely hidden either in the ab-sence of bona fide physical proof orin the uncertainty of anecdotal,eyewitness counts. The cliche, ofcourse, has been that it is impossibleto replicate the UFO phenomenon inthe laboratory, therefore, the UFOdoes not exist as a viable phenome-non for objective, scientific study.
Nothing could be further from thetruth, as this year's MUFON Sym-posium clearly showed. In fact, it isorthodox science that has chosen tohide from the UFO phenomenon andnot the other way around, a pointthat was brought home in Walt An-drus, Jr.'s opening remarks. Morethan 15 years ago the Air Forcequeried several universities as to theirinterest in conducting a scientificstudy of the subject. The Massachu-setts Institute of Technology, Cam-bridge, was one of the first queriedand also one of the first to decline the"honor" which eventually fell to theUniversity of Colorado. The lesson,however, was clear enough: ufologyhas come a considerable distance inthe intervening decade and a half, andtraditional and contemporary sciencehas been moved to acknowledge thatprogress.
Still, the ultimate burden of con-verting a study of the phenomenoninto an acceptable scientific disciplineremains on the shoulders of individ-ual ufologists and ufological groups.Or such was the message deliveredby Dr. J. Allen Hynek, the Director ofthe Center for UFO Studies, in hisopening address,. "Ufology as a Pro-fession: A Manifesto." The dictionarydefines manifesto as a "public declara-tion of intentions, opinions, objec-tives, or motives," and Hynek'sspeech was certainly that.
J.A. Hynek, center, chats with registrants
After recounting his initial connec-tion with Project Sign, which began in1948 and continued with Project BlueBook until the latter's demise in 1969,the Professor Emeritus of Astronomyat Northwestern University went onto briefly catalogue his experiencewith various UFO groups:
"My what a parade," Dr. Hyneksaid. "Each often with a pettheory . . . some mystical . . . somereligious . . . some scient if ical lyoriented . . . and many with claims tosuperiority, often leading to theirfoundering on the rocks of humannature . .. jealousies, competition, in-fighting, personality conflicts, and soon. And I have seen, as we all have,the disdain and scorn of the scientificcommunity, in open opposition to theideals of science. As Erwin Schroe-dinger, one of the pioneers of quan-tum mechanics, once wrote: 'A scien-tist should be curious and eager tofind out.' Well, quite the opposite has
been true: the scientific establishment(not necessarily individual scientists)has held its nose at the mention ofUFOs as though'it were carrying adecaying rat to the city dump."
In a way, though, Hynek said, hecould see reasons for such disdain.Most scientists probably get their in-formation about UFOs from the tab-loid press or the debunking pressreleases of the Air Force, neither ofwhich is calculated to raise scientificcuriosity. Is it any wonder most scien-tists, their time and energy alreadyconsumed by their own research proj-ects, should refuse to take an interestin UFOs? "I was fortunate in that Iwas asked to (and paid to) take an in-terest in the subject," Hynek said,"and even at that it took me years tochange my mind about UFOs."
What can we as individuals doabout the contemporary scientific
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neglect of the phenomenon? "UNITE,"said Dr. Hynek, "because it is up to usto present the subject of UFOs in aprofessional manner . . . not merelyto bring it to the proper attention ofscientists, but more importantly forour own respect. It is my profoundand considered judgement that weourselves will face another 30 yearsof stumbling, desultory collecting ofcase after case . . .until ufologybecomes a profession.
"Professionalism is a state of mind,a serious structured approach to a sub-ject, following the rules and standardsof a given profession. The fact is, theprimary sin of ufology today is that itpresents to the outside world a mostfantastic hodge-podge of unprofes-sional action, statements, maneuvers,intrigues, and balderdash .. . and Imean it very seriously when I say thatto get anywhere in the next decadeufology must become a professionwith accepted standards of action.And that simply means a houseclean-ing. Not only- in this country, but in-ternationally. It can be done.
"I issue a manifesto then, a call forufologists to close ranks andunite . . . as individuals . . . in a sort ofspiritual bond to set up a code of pro-fessional standards, a code of ethicsfor investigators, researchers andwriters on the subject."
As Director of what is probably thecountry's most visible UFO organiza-tion, the Center for UFO Studies,Evanston, Illinois, Dr. Hynek's open-ing address to the 12th annualMUFON Symposium was a welcomeone and one that was warmly re-ceived by the more than 400 paidregistrants who attended the talksgiven in Kresge Auditorium on theM.I.T. campus. A summary of theother speakers' positions follows.
THE HUMAN FACTOR IN UFOSIGHTINGS
The speaker was Dr. RonWestrum, a graduate of HarvardUniversity and Professor of Sociologyat Eastern Michigan University, Ypsi-lanti. Dr. Westrum is MUFON Con-sultant in Sociology and is a national
board member of the Fund for UFOResearch; he is also the AssociateDirector of the Center for ScientificAnomaly Research (CSAR) and asso-ciate editor of the Center's highlyregarded journal, "Zetetic Scholar."
"Since the majority of evidence forthe reality of unexplained UFOsightings comes from human testi-mony, it is impossible to evaluate theUFO problem without consideringthe human factor," Dr. Westrumbegan. But we must also know some-thing about the psychology andsociology not only of the individualwitnesses who report UFOs, but ofthe other human elements which areinvolved as well, namely members ofthe press and media, who largelydetermine the extent to which UFOsare reported to the general public,and members of the scientific com-munity, who largely determine howthose reports are to be interpreted.
People who see and report UFOs,Westrum said, are much like the restof society with one noticeable excep-tion those who were youngerwere much more likely to say theyhad seen a UFO than those who wereolder. This tendency held not only inthe general opinion polls conductedby Gallup, but also in more particular-ized surveys like the one conductedby "Industrial Research and Develop-ment" Magazine.