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  • Taxonomy of the family Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera)

    DISSERTATION PRESENTED FOR THE DEGREE OF

    Muittv of ^fiilogopd? IN

    ZOOLOGY OF

    THE AUGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY. ALIGARH

    BY

    Md. Jamal Ahmad

    DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY

    AUGARH (INDIA)

    1989

  • g^*^wir^

    DS1489

  • D E P A R T M E N T O F Z O O L O G Y ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY

    ALIGARH—202 002, U.P. (INDIA)

    Phones : fUniversity : 285 LPublic : 5646

    Seel ions 1. 2. 3 . 4. 5.

    ENTOMOLOGY PARASITOLOGY ICHTHYOLOGY & FISHERIES AGRICULTURAL IMEMATOLOGY GENETICS Date 7«12,1989

    This i s to certify thet '4r» '4dl» Janal Ahmad has eoflpisiaci his t%PhiI« work under mf st^>ervi«ian on a probiata entit led ** Ta^onoof of the fataily PteronalidM (Hfiaenoptera)*** This Is an original eontribtttlon and di&tinet addition to the existing knosirledge on the subject* Being satisfied with the quality «nd quantity of the worl̂ he i s permitted to submit i t for the a««ird at ?^Phil« degree in Zoology of the Aligarh '^slim ^hiversity, Aligarh*

    ( "t̂ 'Adam ' hafee ) fleader

  • CONTENTS

    Page

    I . ACKN0WLEDG£S1ENTS 1

    I I . INTRODUCTION 2

    I I I . MATERIAL AND METHOD 5

    IV. SUBFA !̂ILY MISCOGASTERINAB. 6

    Diagnosis • • • . . . » . 6

    Key t o Indian genera of M i s c o g a s t e r i n a e . . . . . 6

    1 . G^nus svirtmaiH Mallcer • • 12

    Key t o Indian spec ies of s v a t a a i s Walker,.

    based on females • • . . . • 12

    svataalM oarvula ThtMnaon 14

    Sv«taai« ygncltftYnra Faxooql & Menon 14

    SYg^arta frCTYJLcotntg «P«" ^̂ SYrtaaia ^aJLfrawia^ «ani le

    svattaaia ^enyiffornla waiker le SY?tayl.g d^gyn^uffa? Mani 17

    ^ ? ^ a a i g ?PH?rt9na4a Walker 19

    3 . Genus HaittCOBtCga Spinola 22

    telUgggfegfa ifflPftfligna4a Chls t l & s h a f e e . . . . 23

    4. Genus Haltigngtflrtnn ^ ^ o s 25 HaltiCQDterina aliaarhenaia sp.n 25

  • Ji

    Page

    5 . Genus SPtie^qaatflC S p l n o l a 28

    Key to Indian species of SPftgqJqartttr

    splnola* based on females* • •••••...• 29

    SDheolQaater steplcola Boucek 30

    gg^ig^Lqarter qjiflfrrata graham 30 SDheolQaater a l n o u l a r l a sD,n 31

    6 . Genus syntomopua Walker 34

    syntomoDua I n d a u a Thomson • • • 34

    7 . Genus J&jfeQfllXKtoia Masl 35

    SiOiQfllXiZSiUa Jaia&£ Maal 35

    V. LIST OF PIBROMALZD PARASITES AND THEIR HOSTS,

    IN INDIA 37

    VI. REPBRENCES 39

  • - 1 -

    Z. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    The author i s g r e a t l y Indebted t o Or. S. Adam shafee#

    Department o£ Zoology, Aligarh Muslim Univers i ty , Aligazii^

    f o r h i s most valuable guidance, and suggest ions* He i s

    a l s o thankful t o Prof. Mumtaz A» Khan, Chairman, Department

    of Zoology f o r providing necessary f a c i l i t i e s * Financial

    a s s i s t a n c e freyn Indian Council of Agrici i l tural Research,

    New Del hi > i s a l s o acknowledged* Thanks are a l s o due t o

    t h e lab co l l eagues Or* YUnus M.Khan, Dr* M* Khalid,

    Dr* M* Ytigat, Dr* (^ i l s t l , M*S.A*K, Miss Anis Fatima and

    Miss Shama Afros , for t h e i r invaluable helps and cooperation*

    Last ly»the author wishes t o thank h i s parents , uncle

    Dr. Najabat Husain and brother Akhlaq A!tmad f o r t h e i r extr»ae

    pat ionce and constant encouragement*

  • - 2 -

    I I INTRODUCTION

    Members of the fa/oLlY Ptezoiaalidae c o n s t i t u t e an

    economically important group of miczohymenopterous p a r a s i t e s .

    They are known t o p a r a s i t i s e var ious groups of i n s e c t p e s t s

    during t h e i r developmental s t a g e s . They Xeep the population

    of t h e i r re spec t ive host s p e c i e s under check i n iiature.

    Keeping i n v i e v the importance of t h e s e p a r a s i t e s i n bio~

    l o g i c a l control of i n s e c t p e s t s i t was decided t o carry out

    a plan of c o l l e c t i n g , rearing and i d e n t i f y i n g the paras i t e s

    upto s p e c i f i c l e v e l * This has n e c e s s i t a t e d t o v i s i t some

    of the important agr icu l tura l areas of the country. The

    survey y ie lded a good number of s p e c i e s representing various

    subfami l i e s of Pteromalidae. However, i n the present work,

    on ly s p e c i e s representing Miscogasterinae have been included.

    The family group name Mlscogasterldae was proposed

    by Walker (1833) . Porster (1856) named i t as MlscogastJndidae.

    Thomson (1878) demoted i t t o the rank of subtr ibe ftt)scogast->

    r ides under t h e t r i b e Pteromalina. Ashmead (1904) accepted

    t h e family s t a t u s of KLscogasteridae. Kurdyun^v (1913)

    divided the funnily Mlscogasteridae i n t o four subfamil ies*

    Edparinae, Xjelapinae, Miscogasterinae and Sphegigasterinae.

    Mani (1938) and Nikolskaya (1952) a l s o accepted the family

    s t a t u s of Mlscogasteridae. They discarded system of d iv id ing

    t h e family i n t o «ibf ami l i e s . Peck (1963) denoted the family

    Mlscogasteridae t o the rank of t r i b e Miscogasterini under

  • - 3 -

    t h e 8Ub£«Blly Sph,«9igasterinae of PteromaIi

    fami ly under Pteromalldae. However Graham (1969) divided I t

    I n t o e i g h t t r l b e s t Brachyacel ldlphaglnl , MLcradellnl,

    Mlscogaster in lr PLrenlnl« s p h e g l g a s t e r i n l , Termolamplnl,

    Trldynlnl and Trlgonoderlnl ,

    Boucc^ eSi aHi, (1978) l i s t e d 20 s p e c i e s z«presentlng

    16 g«3era of the sobf t fd ly . ttLacogasterlnae from India .

    Important contr ibut ions on the f a u n l s t i e s and taxonomy of

    t h e subfamily Mlscogasterinae from Oriental region made by

    e a r l i e r workers are as fo l l ows t Ahmad & Manl (1939*)« Ayyar^

    (1925*) , Ayyar & Manl (1937*)« Ayyar and Margabandhu (1934*) ,

    Bhatnagar (1951*) , Boucek (1973, 1978*) , Boucek ^^ j i . (1978*) ,

    Cameron (1891, 1906) , Crawford (1913) , Dutt & FercLere (1961*)«

    Farooql (1980*) , Parooql & Menon (1972*, 1973*) , Ferr lere

    (1930, 1931, 1939*) , Gahan (1919, 1925) , Howard (1896) , Manl

    (1938*. 1939*, 1941*, 1942*) , Manl sSk al* (1973*, 1974*) ,

    Masl (1924, 1927) , Naraynan s&. A I - (1957*) , Pruthl 6 Manl

    (1940*) , Rooml, sSt Sii* (1973) , Saraswat & Mukerjl, (1975*) ,

    Shaxma & Subba Rao (1958*) , Subba Rao (1973, 1981*), Yadav

    (1978*).

    The present work dea l s with the taxonomy of the sub-

    family Mlscogasterinae of the family Pteromalldae. Brief

    review on the supragenerlc c a t e g o r i e s as adopted by e a r l i e r

    * CDntrlbutlon from India .

  • - > 4 -

    workers I s d i s c u s s e d . Diagnosis and key t o Indian genera

    of Mlscogasterinae i s provided. Keys t o Indian s p e c i e s

    wherever necessary are g iven . The work i s based on 15

    s p e c i e s representing 7 genera of the subfamily Miscogaster! -

    nae. Three new s p e c i e s fHalt ieopterina aAAqartenata sp.n.«

    SDheaiaaater aipwlnrta sp.n.« SYflliaala lygflYlgornta sp.n.} are f u l l y described and i l l u s t r a t e d . One genus (Haltlcoot^rlna

    Erdos) and s i x s p e c i e s (Miscogaster hortens i s Walker*

    spheaiaa«ter alabrata Graham* SYHtOfflQWa iflgiaua Thomson*

    SYa^flala fflfiYrtoil^Sa Walker* SYatfaa^a saasH^ Thomson*

    svataaifl ^mBJCQnriia Walker) are reported f o r the f i r s t t ime

    from India . One s p e c i e s (Haltlcopfcera tffiphflienaJLg Chist i &

    Shafee) i s described* and one spec ie s fMlaacooaaf r hortenaia

    Walker) i s redescribed. Paras i te -host index i s a l s o provided.

    The present work i s supported by 66 i l l u s t r a t i d n s arranged

    i n seven p la tes*

    The types have been deposi ted i n Zoological Museum*

    Al igarh Muslim University* Aligarh* India .

  • - 5 -

    ZII MATERIAL AND METHOD

    Important agr i cu l tura l az^aa of Bihar* Madhya Pradesh,

    Orissa* Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh were v i s i t e d for c o l l e c -

    t i o n and rearing of P a r a s i t e s . Plant parts i n f e s t e d with

    host i n s e c t s were cut i / i to p i e c e s and placed i n g l a s s Jars

    (4** X 2'*)« The openings of Jars were covered with white

    paper held with rubber bands* The samples were d a i l y observed

    f o r «aerging paras i tes* Emerged p a r a s i t e s were c o l l e c t e d ami

    preserved i n 80X alcohol* A complete record of p lace , date ,

    $^a& of t^$t—plant and h o s t - i n s e c t was duly maintained*

    Paras i t e s were i d e n t i f i e d upto s p e c i f i c l e v e l under binocular

    a i^ miccoscope*

    Permanent s l i d e s were prepared t o enable de ta i l ed

    study of various parts o f t h e body* A normal process of

    dehydration was adopted and c l e a r i n g was done i n c love o i l *

    Specifoens were d i s s e c t e d i n c love o i l medium under the b ino -

    c u l a r with t