Music of the Baroque Period - Brian .Characteristics of Baroque Music • Unity of Mood – One mood

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  • Music of the Baroque Period1600 1750

    Part 1: Musical Form

  • The Meaning of Baroque

    Derived from: Portuguese word barroco Spanish word barrueco French word baroque

    Refers to a rough or imperfect pearl Elaborate, ornate style with many details. Video Example 1: Baroque Artwork Video Example 2: Versailles

  • Characteristics of Baroque Music

    Unity of Mood One mood expressed throughout (for

    example: joy or grief) Known as the affections

    Rhythm Rhythmic patterns are

    typically repeated Melody

    Embellished & ornate like architectural dcor

  • Characteristics of Baroque Music Dynamics

    Typically stable, when change does occur it is abrupt Sudden changes are known as terraced dynamics.

    Texture Mostly polyphonic Homophony becomes popular in the Protestant church

  • Characteristics of Baroque Music Accompaniment

    Harpsichord and organ are popular instruments The basso continuo depicts symbols indicating what

    chords are played above the bass line. Words & Music

    Tradition of word painting continues Words are emphasized through repetition

  • Music in Society Professionals vs. Amateurs

    Music was an important distraction Professionals earned salary working for

    nobility or church Amateur musicians often performed with

    municipal bands

  • Music in Society Sacred vs. Secular

    Instrumental music popular in Protestant churches

    Sacred music tries to appeal to everyone Secular music becomes more sophisticated

  • Music in Society

    Freelance Musician Self-employed musicians

    contract out their services (usually as composers or teachers)

  • The Concerto Grosso The Baroque Orchestra

    Strings: violin, viola, cello and bass. Woodwinds: flute (recorder), oboe, bassoon Brass: trumpet (no valves), Trombone, Horn (no valves) Percussion: timpani

    Ritornello Form based upon alternating sections of tutti (or group)

    and solo (or soli) passages J. S. Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5

    Composed for Prince of Cthen Featured the string orchestra and soloists. Soloists: flute, violin & harpsichord Listening Guide pp. 105-106

  • The Fugue (Characteristics) Imitative Polyphony Features 3, 4 or 5 voices Subject and Answer Manipulating the Subject

    Inversion

    Retrograde

    Augmentation

    Diminution

    LISTENING EXAMPLE

    Little Fugue in G Minor

    by J.S. Bach

    Listening Guide

    pp. 109-110

  • Music of the Baroque Period1600 1750

    Part 2: Instrumental Music of Vivaldi and Bach

  • Three Baroque Giants

  • Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741)

    Italian composer, The Red Priest Taught at an all girls orphanage Spring from The Four Seasons (pages 126-129).

    Concerto: multi-movement work for solo instrument (violin) and orchestra

    Three movements Allegro (Fast) Largo e pianissimo (Slow and very soft) Danza pastorale (Pastoral dance)

  • J. S. Bach (1685-1750) German composer, worked as church musician Performed on organ and clavichord. Style considered old-fashioned during his lifetime Prolific composer: 1000+ known compositions Family man: married twice, 20 children, 4 who became musicians

  • Bach: Listening Examples

    Suite No. 3 in D Major Listening guide page 133 Instrumentation: 2 oboes, 3 trumpets, timpani,

    strings and basso continuo. Five Movements

    First Movement Overture Second Movement Air Third Movement Gavotte Fourth Movement Bourre Fifth Movement - Gigue

  • BachBachs Lasting Influences Lasting InfluenceBachBachs music has been experienced by s music has been experienced by

    musicians around the world.musicians around the world.BachBachs music has been adapted to just s music has been adapted to just

    about every musical style imaginable.about every musical style imaginable.Two of Bach's pieces placed on the Two of Bach's pieces placed on the

    Golden RecordGolden Record aboard Voyager. aboard Voyager.

    VIDEO 1: Air on G String

    VIDEO 2: Swingle Singers

    VIDEO 3: Yngwie Malmsteen

    VIDEO 4: Bobby McFerrin

    VIDEO 5: Brandenburg Concerto No. 3

  • Music of the Baroque Period1600 1750

    Part 3: Vocal Musicof Handel

  • Three Baroque Giants

  • G. F. Handel (1685-1759)

    Born in Halle, Germany. Later became English citizen (1712). Englands most important composer. Air from Water Music (VIDEO EXAMPLE)

    Performed on barges on the Thames river. La Rejouissance from Music for the

    Royal Fireworks (VIDEO EXAMPLE)12,000 people came to listen, 3 died.

  • Handels Messiah 1741 Oratorio dramatic vocal work based

    on a religious text. Still performed today, usually at

    Easter, sometimes at Christmas. Hallelujah chorus from Messiah is

    widely recognized as a masterpiece. Listening guide on page 144. VIDEO EXAMPLE

    pp5app5bpp5c