Musik oss emellan - DiVA 527517/  · Titel: Musik oss emellan: ... Musik bland kompisar

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Musik oss emellan

rebro Studies in Music Education 6 rebro Studies in Conditions of Democracy 8

ANNIKA DANIELSSON

Musik oss emellan Identitetsdimensioner i ungdomars musikaliska deltagande

Annika Danielsson, 2012

Titel: Musik oss emellan: Identitetsdimensioner i ungdomars musikaliska deltagande.

Utgivare: rebro universitet 2012

www.publications.oru.se trycksaker@oru.se

Tryck: rebro universitet, Repro 08/2012

ISSN 1653-056X ISBN 978-91-7668-880-9

http://www.publications.oru.se/mailto:trycksaker@oru.se

Abstract Annika Danielsson (2012): Musik oss emellan: Identitetsdimensioner i ungdomars musikaliska deltagande. rebro Studies in Music Education 6, rebro Studies in Conditions of Democracy 8, 177 pp. This thesis considers ordinary Swedish teenagers and their everyday use of, and views on, music. The aim of the study is to analyse the relationship between identity and adolescents use of music in their daily lives.

Theories are employed that hold identity to be a process, and that com-prise the social as well as the psychological aspects of the individual (Gid-dens, 1991; 1997; Jenkins, 2008). Since for both Giddens and Jenkins the reflexive identity process takes place in everyday life, it is a concept that is essential to this study. The idea that people are active, not passive, in their day-to-day use of cultural products ultimately leads to Smalls (1998) defi-nition of musicking.

The empirical part of the study was carried out among fifteen eighth-graders (1415 years) in two schools in two Swedish cities. An initial ques-tionnaire provided outlines of the adolescents musical preferences, and were followed by focus group conversations centred on six music exam-ples. Later, interviews were carried out to chart the informants individual relationships with music and their personal use of it. The material is ana-lysed thematically in three chapters on music and them, music and us, and music and me.

In the final chapter, a competent musicking agency is held to be a com-bination of individual and social factors. Whether these aspects can coexist boils down to the question of authenticity: much like Giddenss competent agent, the competent musicking agent moves between life sectors, main-taining balance between uniqueness and normality, and is therefore per-ceived as authentic by both herself and others. In school, pupils tend to choose music that promotes their public image. Instead of yielding to a tussle between self-image and public image, it is suggested that music edu-cation should become a free zone where the well known is looked at in new ways, and where one could get to know the unknown.

Keywords: Adolescents, daily life, everyday life, identity, music education, musicking, teenagers, use of music. Annika Danielsson, School of Music, Theater and Art rebro University, SE-701 82 rebro, Sweden, annika.danielsson@oru.se

Innehllsfrteckning

FRORD ................................................................................................. 11

DEL I

INLEDNING ........................................................................................... 15 Avhandlingens disposition ....................................................................... 20

TIDIGARE FORSKNING ........................................................................ 23 Musik i och utanfr skolan ...................................................................... 23 Ungdomar, musik och identitet ................................................................ 25 Vardaglig musikanvndning ..................................................................... 27

PROBLEMOMRDE .............................................................................. 31 Syfte och frgestllningar ......................................................................... 32

DEL II

UTGNGSPUNKTER OCH BEGREPPSDEFINITIONER ...................... 35 Identitet .................................................................................................... 35

Identitetsprocessens dimensioner ......................................................... 37 Identitetsprocessen i det senmoderna samhllet ................................... 41 Kombinationen Jenkins Giddens ....................................................... 44

Musikaliskt deltagande i vardagen ........................................................... 45 Varfr musicking? ................................................................................ 49

METOD OCH GENOMFRANDE ....................................................... 53 Studiens design ......................................................................................... 53

Inledande metodologiska reflektioner .................................................. 54 Urval ........................................................................................................ 55

Skolmiljns betydelse fr urvalet ......................................................... 57 Samtal i strre grupp ................................................................................ 59 Enkt ....................................................................................................... 60

Musiken i enkten ................................................................................ 60 Tendenser i enktmaterialet ................................................................. 62 Enktmaterialets tillfrlitlighet............................................................. 63

Gruppsamtal ............................................................................................ 64 Musikexempel ...................................................................................... 65

Intervjuer ................................................................................................. 66 Transkribering ......................................................................................... 67 Analys och framstllning .......................................................................... 68

DEL III

MUSIKEN OCH DOM ............................................................................ 71 Musikaliska ldersgrnser ........................................................................ 71 Valfrihet med genusfrtecken ................................................................... 76 Tilltrde till det svenska ........................................................................... 81 Navigering i och utanfr staden ............................................................... 86 Sammanfattning och slutsatser ................................................................. 90

MUSIKEN OCH VI ................................................................................. 95 Hemmet som gemensamt ljudrum ............................................................ 95 Musik bland kompisar ............................................................................. 98 Musikundervisning i olika perspektiv ..................................................... 101 Den visuella musiken .............................................................................. 106 Sammanfattning och slutsatser ............................................................... 112

MUSIKEN OCH JAG ............................................................................ 117 Med egna ron ....................................................................................... 117 Kroppen, rummet och musikupplevelsen ................................................ 122 Musikupplevelsens delar och helhet ....................................................... 127 Den musikaliska (o)frmgan ................................................................ 131 Sammanfattning och slutsatser ............................................................... 136

DEL IV

DISKUSSION ......................................................................................... 143 Rum fr identitetsprocessen ................................................................... 144 Den kompetenta musikaliska deltagaren ................................................ 146 Musik i vardagen och skolan? ............................................................. 150 Avslutande reflektioner .......................................................................... 153

SLUTORD ............................................................................................. 157

SUMMARY ........................................................................................... 159 Introduction ........................................................................................... 159 Theoretical premises ............................................................................... 159 Method .................................................................................................. 160 Music and them ................................................................................... 161 Music and us ........................................................................................ 162 Music and me ....................................................................................... 163 Discussion .............................................................................................. 164

REFERENSER ....................................................................................... 165 Litteratur och webbsidor ........................................................................ 165 Musik ..................................................................................................... 177

BILAGOR Bilaga 1 Bilaga 2 Bilaga 3 Bilaga 4

ANNIKA DANIELSSON Musik oss emellan I