Name January 2017 Earth Science Midterm Review Packet Ms ... Earth Science Midterm Review Packet Ms

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  • Name January 2017 Earth Science Midterm Review Packet Ms. Bottiglieri

    Earth Science Midterm Review Packet

    A) tearing a sheet of paper into squares whose sides measure 1 centimeter

    B) adding 10 grams of salt to a cup of water C) measuring the air pressure of a room D) counting 28 shells from a beach

    1. Which action can be performed most accurately using only the human senses?

    A) experiments B) the senses C) proportions D) mathematical calculations

    2. In order to make observations, an observer must always use

    A) The rock is composed of large crystals. B) The rock has shiny, wavy mineral bands. C) The rock is a metamorphic rock. D) The rock has no visible fossils.

    3. Which statement about an unidentified rock sample is most likely an inference?

    A) The stream water is dark brown. B) The water level of the stream will rise after the

    next rainfall. C) The velocity of the stream is greatest near the

    outside of a meander. D) The stream's depth is different at various

    distances from the streambank.

    4. A group of students observed and measured various characteristics of a stream for one day. Which statement about the stream is most likely an inference?

  • Earth Science Midterm Review Packet

    5. Base your answer to the following question on the diagram below which shows the structure of a student-developed chart for identifying some rock samples. The circles labeled choice 1 through choice 4 represent decision-making steps leading either to path (a) or path (b). Choice 5 has not been completed.

    A) grain size B) mineral cement C) mineral color D) horizontal layering

    Which characteristic should be used at choice 5 to further identify the types of clastic sedimentary rocks?

    A) age of the minerals in the rock B) size of the crystals in the rock C) way in which the rock formed D) color of the rock

    6. Nine rock samples were classified into three groups as shown in the table below.

    This classification system was most likely based on the

  • Earth Science Midterm Review Packet

    A) The changes are cyclic and occur at predictable time intervals.

    B) The changes are cyclic and occur at the same time every day.

    C) The changes are noncyclic and occur at sunrise and sunset.

    D) The changes are noncyclic and may occur at any time.

    7. The graph below shows the changes in height of ocean water over the course of 2 days at one Earth location.

    Which statement concerning these changes is best supported by the graph?

  • Earth Science Midterm Review Packet

    8. Base your answer to the following question on the graph below, which shows the water levels of ocean tides measured in Boston, Massachusetts, for a 2-day period.

    A) It will occur about 3 a.m. with a 0.4-meter water level. B) It will occur about 6 a.m. with a 0.6-meter water level. C) It will occur about 9 p.m. with a 2.6-meter water level. D) It will occur about 10 p.m. with a 2.8-meter water level.

    If the trends shown by the graph continue, which statement best describes the next low tide at Boston that is expected to occur on Wednesday?

    A) 10:12 p.m. B) 10:30 p.m. C) 10:38 p.m. D) 11:04 p.m.

    9. A student recorded the times of three successive high tides at one location as:

    9:12 a.m. 9:38 p.m. 10:04 a.m.

    What is the approximate time of the next high tide?

  • Earth Science Midterm Review Packet

    A) 103.25 m B) 103.50 m C) 103.75 m D) 104.00 m

    10. The elevation of a certain area was measured for many years, and the results are recorded in the data table below.

    If the elevation continued to increase at the same rate, what was most likely the elevation of this area in 1990?

    A) B)

    C) D)

    11. Which graph best represents the relationship between mass and volume of a material that has a density of 5 grams per cubic centimeter?

    A) 1.00 g/mL B) 1.05 g/mL C) 1.30 g/mL D) 0.95 g/mL

    12. As shown below, an empty 1,000.-milliliter container has a mass of 250.0 grams. When filled with a liquid, the container and the liquid have a combined mass of 1,300. grams.

    What is the density of the liquid?

    A) 9 g B) 12 g C) 54 g D) 108 g

    13. The mineral shown below is of uniform composition and has a density of 4 grams per cubic centimeter. What is the mass of this mineral?

  • Earth Science Midterm Review Packet

    A) B)

    C) D)

    14. The data table below shows the mass and volume of three samples of the same mineral. [The density column is provided for student use.]

    Which graph best represents the relationship between the density and the volume of these mineral samples?

    15. Base your answer to the following question on the diagram below, which represents a solid material of uniform composition.

    A) decrease B) increase C) remain the same

    If this material is heated and expands, the density of the material will

    A) 0.50 g/min B) 2.0 g/min C) 3.0 g/min D) 10. g/min

    16. A 25-gram sample of halite was placed in a jar with five other mineral samples and water. The jar was shaken vigorously for 5 minutes. The halite sample was then found to have a mass of 15 grams. What was the rate of weathering of the halite sample?

  • Earth Science Midterm Review Packet

    A) 6°/hr B) 8°/hr C) 3°/hr D) 18°/hr

    17. The graph below shows temperature readings for a day in April.

    The average rate of temperature change, in Fahrenheit degrees per hour, between 6 a.m. and noon was

  • Earth Science Midterm Review Packet

    18. Base your answer to the following question on the following map and passage. The map shows the extent of summer ice-melt zones on Greenland in 1992 and 2002. The summer melt zone is an area where summer heat turns snow and ice around the edges of the ice sheet into slush and ponds of meltwater. Three coastal locations are shown on the map.

    Arctic Meltdown

    Scientists are concerned because average arctic temperatures are rising. The Greenland Ice Sheet, the dominant area of continental ice in the arctic region, broke all previous records for melting in 2002. In 2004, the total amount of ice resting on top of the continental crust in the arctic region was estimated to be about 3,100,000 cubic kilometers. If all this ice were to melt, the ocean levels would rise approximately 8.5 meters. A reduction in ice-covered areas exposes more land surfaces. This increases absorption of insolation and accelerates arctic warming. Scientists continue to collect data to define the role of greenhouse gases in the warming of the arctic region.

    A) 51.5° N 64° W B) 70.5° N 22° W C) 64° N 51.5° W D) 22° N 70.5°W

    What is the approximate latitude and longitude of Godthab, Greenland?

  • Earth Science Midterm Review Packet

    A) equator (0°) B) North Pole (90° N) C) Tropic of Cancer (23.5° N) D) Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° S)

    19. If an observer on Earth views Polaris on the horizon, the observer is located at the

    A) 43º B) 47º C) 75º D) 90º

    20. From Utica, New York, Polaris is observed at an altitude of approximately

    A) New York City B) Slide Mountain C) Niagara Falls D) Plattsburgh

    21. At which New York State location would an observer measure the highest altitude of Polaris?

    A) 40° S 45° E B) 50° N 45° W C) 60° S 30° W D) 75° N 30° E

    22. The diagram below shows latitude measurements every 10 degrees and longitude measurements every 15 degrees.

    What is the latitude and longitude of point X?

  • Earth Science Midterm Review Packet

    A) 20° N B) 20° S C) 70° N D) 70° S

    23. The diagram below shows an observer measuring the altitude of Polaris.

    What is the latitude of the observer?

    Base your answers to questions 24 and 25 on the map below, which shows the generalized surface bedrock for a portion of New York State that appears in the Earth Science Reference Tables.

    24. State the longitude of Mt. Marcy, New York, to the nearest degree. The units and compass direction must be included in your answer.

  • Earth Science Midterm Review Packet

    25. Place an X on the map to represent a location in the Tug Hill Plateau landscape region.

    Base your answers to questions 26 and 27 on the diagram in your answer booklet, which shows the latitude-longitude grid on a model of Earth. Point Y is a location on Earth's surface.

    26. What is Earth’s rate of rotation at point Y, in degrees per hour?

    27. On the diagram, place an X at 15° S 30° W.

  • Earth Science Midterm Review Packet

    28. Base your answer to the following question on passage and time zones map shown below.

    Time Zones

    In 1883, Earth was divided into 24 time zones. The United States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) has four time zones, which are indicated by different shadings on the map.Each zone is roughly centered on lines of longitude that are 15° apart. These lines are shown as dashed lines on the map. Most locations within a time zone have the same time.This time is called standard time. As you move to the west, the time in each zone is one hour earlier than the previous time zone

    Explain, in terms of Earth's rotation, why the time zones are 15° of longitude apart.

  • Earth Science Midterm Review Packet

    Base your answers to questions 29 and 3