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Juniper Hall, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi 13 th April, 2017 National Food Security Act 2013 and Reforms in Public Distribution System National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG 2 Zero Hunger (End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture)

National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

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Page 1: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Juniper Hall, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi

13th April, 2017

“National Food Security Act 2013 and

Reforms in Public Distribution System”

National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG 2 – Zero Hunger

(End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture)

Page 2: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Agenda

[A] National Food Security Act 2013 (NFSA)

[B] Transparency in Public Distribution System

[C] Direct Benefit Transfers (Cash Transfers) in PDS

[D] Results & Dividends

[D] Centre of Excellence (CENEX)

2

Page 3: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

National Food Security Act 2013

Salient Features

1. NFSA came into force w.e.f. 5th July, 2013

2. Entitlements under NFSA

o Highly subsidized foodgrains under PDS

o Nutritious meal, free of charge to pregnant women & lactating mothers and children up to

6 years of age under ICDS.

o Nutritious meal, free of charge to children in the 6-14 years of age group under MDM.

o Maternity benefits of Rs. 6000 to Pregnant Women & Lactating Mothers

Page 4: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

NFSA: Salient Features (Cont.)

3. PDS now governed by provisions of NFSA

4. Coverage under PDS: 75% Rural and 50% Urban population; State-wise coverage

determined by the Planning Commission (now NITI Ayog) on the basis of 2011-12

Household Consumption Expenditure survey of NSSO.

5. Coverage of two-thirds of the total population at the all India level, under two

categories of beneficiaries – Antodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) households and Priority

Households (PHH).

6. Foodgrains Entitlement: 5 kg per person for PHH category and 35 kg per household

for AAY households.

7. Prices: Rs. 3/2/1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains

Page 5: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

NFSA: Salient Features (Cont.)

8. No reduction in foodgrains allocation to any State/UT under NFSA – Tide Over

allocation.

9. Identification of Households: to be done by States/UTs, which are required to frame

their own criteria

10. Women Empowerment: Eldest woman (18 years or above) to be the head of the

household for the purpose of issuing of ration cards.

11. Grievance Redressal Mechanism: To be set up at the District and State levels.

12. Transparency: Provisions for disclosure of records relating to PDS, placing

beneficiaries list in public domain

13. Assistance to States/UTs for meeting expenditure on intra-State transportation &

handling of foodgrains and FPS Dealers' margin

Details

Page 6: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Coverage under NFSA

6

Sl. No. State/UT Percentage coverage based on 2011-12 NSSO data

Rural Urban

1 Andhra Pradesh 60.96 41.14

2 Arunachal Pradesh 66.31 51.55

3 Assam 84.17 60.35

4 Bihar 85.12 74.53

5 Chhattisgarh 84.25 59.98

6 Delhi 37.69 43.59

7 Goa 42.24 33.02

8 Gujarat 74.64 48.25

9 Haryana 54.61 41.05

10 Himachal Pradesh 56.23 30.99

11 Jammu & Kashmir 63.55 47.10

12 Jharkhand 86.48 60.20

13 Karnataka 76.04 49.36

14 Kerala 52.63 39.50

15 Madhya Pradesh 80.10 62.61

16 Maharashtra 76.32 45.34

17 Manipur 88.56 85.75

18 Meghalaya 77.79 50.87

Page 7: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Coverage under NFSA (Cont.)

7

Sl. No. State/UT Percentage coverage based on 2011-12 NSSO data

Rural Urban

19 Mizoram 81.88 48.60

20 Nagaland 79.83 61.98

21 Odisha 82.17 55.77

22 Punjab 54.79 44.83

23 Rajasthan 69.09 53.00

24 Sikkim 75.74 40.36

25 Tamil Nadu 62.55 37.79

26 Telangana 60.96 41.14

27 Tripura 74.75 49.54

28 Uttar Pradesh 79.56 64.43

29 Uttarakhand 65.26 52.05

30 West Bengal 74.47 47.55

31 A & N islands 24.94 1.70

32 Chandigarh 38.54 47.26

33 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 84.19 51.54

34 Daman & Diu 26.66 56.47

35 Lakshadweep 35.30 33.56

36 Puducherry 59.68 46.94

TOTAL 75.00 50.00

Page 8: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

NFSA vis-à-vis Erstwhile TPDS

8

Category of

beneficiary

Coverage

(No. of Households in

crore)

Foodgrains Entitlement

(per month)

Issue Price

(Rs./kg)

Rice Wheat

Erstwhile TPDS AAY 2.5 35 kg per family 3.00 2.00

BPL 4.02 35 kg per family 5.65 4.15

APL 11.52 Depending on availability 8.30 6.10

NFSA AAY 2.5 35 kg per family

3.00 2.00 Priority Households

(PHH) 16.1 (approx) 5 kg per person

Details

Page 9: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

NFSA: Implementation Status

A] Current actual coverage under TPDS

About 80.5 Crore persons (In all 36 States/UTs implementing NFSA)

B] Current monthly allocation of foodgrains

46.05 Lakh Tons

(552.6 Lakh Tons annual)

C] Estimated monthly subsidy implication

Rs. 11,906 Crore

(Rs. 1.43 Lakh Crore annual)

Page 10: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Annual Allocation (2014-15)

10

ANNUAL ALLOCATION OF RICE AND WHEAT FOR 2014-15

Sl. Category Rice Wheat Coarse

grains Total

A TPDS

(i) Non NFSA Allocation 179.30 85.55 0.00 264.85

(ii) NFSA Allocation 97.33 120.79 0.73 218.85

B ADDITIONAL ALLOCATION

(i) Additional APL and BPL 27.61 8.98 0.00 36.59

(ii) Festivals, Calamity Relief etc. 5.02 7.04 0.00 12.06

C Other Welfare Schemes (MDM, Annapurna,

WBNP, Sabla, Hostel & Welfare) 35.59 16.54 0.22 52.34

A+B+C Total 372.66 240.94 0.95 614.54

Page 11: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Annual Allocation (2015-16)

11

ANNUAL ALLOCATION OF RICE AND WHEAT FOR 2015-16

Sl. Category Rice Wheat Coarse

grains Total

A TPDS

(i) Non NFSA Allocation 137.96 69.35 0.00 207.31

(ii) NFSA Allocation 140.08 147.83 1.55 289.46

B ADDITIONAL ALLOCATION

(i) Additional APL and BPL 22.53 27.49 0.00 50.02

(ii) Festivals, Calamity Relief etc. 6.42 5.28 0.00 11.70

C Other Welfare Schemes (MDM, Annapurna,

WBNP, Sabla, Hostel & Welfare) 35.56 16.67 0.38 52.62

A+B+C Total 342.55 266.61 1.93 611.11

Page 12: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Annual Allocation (2016-17)

12

ANNUAL ALLOCATION OF RICE AND WHEAT FOR 2016-17

Sl. Category Rice Wheat Coarse

grains Total

A TPDS

(i) Non NFSA Allocation 26.90 2.37 0.00 29.27

(ii) NFSA Allocation 276.21 235.06 2.17 513.45

B ADDITIONAL ALLOCATION

(i) Additional APL and BPL 1.53 0.34 0.00 1.87

(ii) Festivals, Calamity Relief etc. 10.96 18.07 0.00 29.03

C Other Welfare Schemes (MDM, Annapurna,

WBNP, Sabla, Hostel & Welfare) 38.26 16.60 0.43 55.29

A+B+C Total 353.86 272.44 2.60 628.91

Page 13: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Challenges in PDS

1. Implementation/ distribution lies with the States/UTs

o Governance ethos differs from State to State

2. Dynamic target population

o Migration

o Birth/Death

o Status mobility

3. Lack of Transparency

o Bogus/Ghost ration cards

o Manual records

o Inclusion/ exclusion errors

4. Leakages & diversion

5. No possibility of Portability 13

Page 14: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

TPDS Reforms

14

Section 12 of the Act provides for reforms in TPDS, including

• Door-step delivery of foodgrains.

• Application of ICT tools including End-to-End Computerization in order to

ensure transparent recording of transactions and to prevent diversions.

• Full transparency of records.

• Leveraging Aadhaar for unique identification and proper targeting of

benefits

• Introduction of schemes such as cash transfers etc.

Page 15: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Transparency in PDS

15

P L A N S C H E M E

End - to - End

Computerisation of

Targeted Public

Distribution System

(TPDS) Operations

C O S T S H A R E S

DECEMBER 2012 Rs. 884 CRORE

TECHNICAL PARTNER COST SHARING

Launched Total Cost

Technical Support Financial Support S H A R I N G P A T T E R N

Rs. 489.3

Crore

Centre

Rs.394.7

Crore

States

90:10

NE

States

50:50

Other

States

Page 16: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Vision of Computerization Scheme

Efficient delivery of subsidized foodgrains to –

o Actual beneficiary;

o In a transparent manner;

o Without leakages;

o Quality service;

o Near their doorstep;

o Independent of whims and fancies of FPS dealer.

16

Plan scheme on End-to-End Computerisation of PDS Operations

Transparency

Enablers

Digitized and

de-duplicated

database

Seeded

with

Aadhaar

Numbers

Computerized

Godowns / FPSs

/ Offices

Online

Allocation of

Foodgrains

National platform

on e-Governance

Standards

Integrated with

Banking

Infrastructure

Page 17: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

End-to-End Computerization of TPDS Operations

Components of the scheme

17

Ration Cards/ Beneficiaries

Aadhaar Seeding

Allocation Orders up to FPS level

Automation of Godown & Offices

Digitization of Records &

Databases

Online Allocation of Foodgrains

Automation of Supply

Chain Management

Setting up Grievance Redressal

Mechanisms

Automation of Fair Price Shops (FPSs)

Online Grievance and Toll Free Call Centres

Implementation of e-PoS Devices

Page 18: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Present Status

18

23.2 Crore

Ration Cards

Digitized

17.87 Crore

Ration Cards

Seeded

Allocating

Foodgrains

Online

Automated their

Supply Chain

Management

1.86 Lakh ePoS

Operational in 22

States/UTs

100% 77% 30*

States

20# States 34

35.5%

END-TO-END COMPUTERIZATION OF TPDS OPERATIONS

DIGITIZATION OF

RATION CARDS

AUTOMAITON

OF F.P.SHOPS

AADHAAR

SEEDING

ONLINE

ALLOCATION

AUTOMATION OF

SUPPLY-CHAIN

GRIEVANCE

REDRESSAL

Online

Grievance

Toll-free

Helplines

36

* Excluding Chandigarh and Puducherry. # Excluding Chandigarh, Puducherry and Lakshadweep

Page 19: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Digitization of Ration Cards

19

o Completed in all States/UTs

o 23.2 Cr. Ration Cards are digitized under NFSA. Details are available on respective State/UT portals

o National Food Security Act (NFSA) adopted by all States & UTs

13 15

18 19 22

24 25

33 35 36 36 36 36

11 11 11 11 11 12 15

23

32 33 34 36 36

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

No

. o

f S

tate

s &

UTs

Progress of Digitization of Ration Cards under NFSA

100% RC Digitization NFSA Adoption

Page 21: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Aadhaar Seeding in RCs

21

o 77.04% (i.e. 17.82 Cr.) Ration Cards are seeded with Aadhaar numbers

o 100% seeding in 8 States/UTs; near completion (>90%) in another 13 States/UTs

o Enabled better targeting of food subsidies by de-duplicaiton and identification of ghost beneficiaries.

6% 8% 8% 9% 11% 13% 18%

40%

48.22%

59.71%

68.96% 71.96%

77.04%

33%

41%

49%

57% 60%

71% 76% 78%

81% 84.02% 86.77% 89.65% 92.14%

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90%

100%

Progress of Aadhaar Seeding in Ration Cards at National Level (in%)

Aadhaar Seeding in Ration Cards Aadhaar Generation

Page 22: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Online Allocation of Foodgrains

o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops

o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Balances’ in the system

o Availability of Commodity-wise & Category-wise monthly

allocation reports on Transparency Portals.

Expected outcomes –

o Transparency in allocation of foodgrains, up to the Fair

Price Shop level.

Present status –

o Implemented in 30/34* States/UTs;

o 3 States and 1 UT are in the process to implement

22 * Excluding 2 UTs of Chandigarh & Puducherry, which are under DBT (Cash Transfers) mode.

5 5 5 6

13 13 13

18

22

25

28 29

30

Progress of Online Allocation of foodgrains in number of States/UTs

Page 24: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Automation of Supply Chain Management

o Automation of Godowns and Offices

o Generation of Delivery Orders, Release Orders, Truck Challans, Gate Passes, etc.

generated from system

o Online receipt and issuance of foodgrains

o Online monitoring of Stock Position of Godowns

o Online acknowledgement & payments from FPSs

o Dispatch of SMS Alerts to beneficiaries / FPS Dealers

o Online subscription facility for SMS alerts

o Availability of above details / reports on Transparency Portals.

24

Page 25: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Automation of Supply Chain Management

Expected outcomes –

o Ensures timely availability of

foodgrains at Fair Price Shops (FPSs)

o Checks leakages/diversions of

foodgrains

Present status –

o Implemented in 20/33* States/UTs

o 13 States are yet to automate their

Supply-chain mgmt.

25 * Two UTs (Chandigarh & Puducherry) are under Direct Cash Transfers mode. Not applicable in Lakshadweep

3 3 4 4

6 6 7

9

12

14

19 19 20

Progress of automation of Supply-chain management in number of States/UTs)

Page 27: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Transparency Portals & Grievance Redressal

27

Transparency Portals – Implemented in all States/UTs

Toll Free Helpline (1967/1800) / Call Centers Facility –

Implemented in all States/UTs

Online Grievance Registration Facility – Implemented in 34

States/UTs (except Arunachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir)

Page 28: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Grievance Redressal Mechanisms

Expected outcomes –

o Introduce transparency & public accountability

o Higher satisfaction of consumers

o Information in Public Domain (Transparency

Portals)

Present status –

o Transparency portal implemented in all

States/UTs

o Toll Free Helplines (1967/1800-series) are

available in all States/UTs

o Online Grievance Registration facility (through

State Portals) is available in 34 States/UTs

28

25

27 27 28 28 28 28

33

35 35 36 36 36

18 19 19

20 20 20 21

26 27 27

32 33

34

25 25 25 26 26

27 28

29

36 36 36 36

36

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

Num

ber

of

Sta

tes/

UTs

Progress of Implementation in States/UTs

Toll Free No.(1967/1800) Online Grievance Registration Transparency Portal

Page 29: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Automation of Fair Price Shops

The FPS is the point of last mile

delivery and an important touch-

point for the beneficiary, it is hence

very important that this point is

transparent, accountable and

efficient providing ease of use to the

beneficiary.

29

Page 30: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Why FPS Automation?

A mechanism to ensure …

30

Elimination of Whims and Fancies of

FPS dealers

Portability Benefits

Quality service near

their doorstep

Zero Leakages / Diversions

Transparency and

efficiency in the system

… to the beneficiaries

1 2 3 4 5

Page 31: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

FPS Automation : Process

31

Page 32: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

FPS Automation – 35.5%

32

4,350 4,360 4,360 4,368 13,000 13,332

21,751

61,000

98,092

123,481

153,728

176,781

186,726

0

20,000

40,000

60,000

80,000

100,000

120,000

140,000

160,000

180,000

200,000

NO

. O

F E

PO

S

Progress in installation of ePoS devices in States/UTs

1,86,726 FPSs out of 5.26 Lakh in 22 States/UTs have operational ePoS

Page 33: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

FPS Automation - Process

33

To be enabled by either handheld device (i.e. ePoS/Mobile/Tablet) or a

Computer/Laptop at the Fair Price Shop –

• Authentication of

beneficiaries

• Recording of sales

transactions

• Uploading of transaction

data in the designated

server

• FPS dealer margin

approved @ Rs. 87/Qtl. /

Rs. 160/Qtl. which also

includes Rs. 17/Qtl. for

expenditure on purchase

and operation of the ePoS

device / Mobile terminal.

• Rules under NFSA, 2013

notified in Aug 2015 by

DoF&PD

ePoS owned by either –

• State Government,

• FPS Dealer, or

• Implementation Vendor /

System Integrator

Process Financial Assistance Business Models

1 Quintal (qtl.) = 100 Kilograms (Kg)

Page 35: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) in PDS

35

1. DBT (Cash Transfers) for Foodgrains

• Cash transfer of food subsidy in lieu of subsidized foodgrains

• Directly credited into the seeded bank accounts of HoFs of the eligible families,

• Can buy foodgrains from the open market.

2. DBT (In Kind) – Automation of Fair Price Shops (FPSs)

• Subsidized foodgrains are distributed to eligible beneficiaries through Fair Price Shops

• Fair Price Shops are automated with electronic Point-of-Sale (ePoS) devices

• Beneficiaries are authenticated using ePoS devices (preferably using Aadhaar).

• Subsidized foodgrains are issued to beneficiaries.

Page 36: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

DBT (Cash Transfers)

36

1. Cash Transfer of Food Subsidy Rules, 2015 notified in

August 2015 under NFSA.

2. 3 UTs have implemented DBT (Cash Transfers)

Chandigarh, Puducherry and Dadra & Nagar Haveli (in

partial areas)

3. Food subsidy is worked out at the rate of:

(MSP x 1.25) - CIP

Pre-requisite conditions

1. Complete Digitization of Ration

Cards & Members

2. Seeded with Aadhaar numbers and

Bank Account details,

3. Availability of banking facilities,

and

4. Adequate availability of foodgrains

in the open market

MSP

(in Rs. Per Kg.)

(1.25 x MSP) – CIP

(in Rs. Per Kg.)

Wheat 16.25 18.31

Rice (Derived MSP) 22.54 25.17

Page 37: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Cash Transfers Coverage in 3 UTs

37

62,325

1,62,013

9,182

2,70,181

5,99,237

40,587

Chandigarh Puducherry Dadra & Nagar Haveli

DBT (Cash Transfers) Coverage

Families Covered Individuals Covered

Cash Subsidy

Cash Subsidy in INR (April 2017)

Chandigarh Puducherry Dadra & Nagar Haveli

Rs. 2.75 Cr

Rs. 8.66 Cr.

Rs. 0.50 Cr.

Page 38: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

DBT – Cash Transfers

38

DBT (Cash Transfers) for food subsidy, have been launched in three Union Territories

Present Status in 3 Union Territories

Union Territory Introduced w.e.f Families

Covered

Individuals

Covered

Cash Subsidy

(April 2017)

Chandigarh 01/09/2015 62,325 2,70,181 Rs. 2.75 Crore

Puducherry 01/09/2015 1,62,013 5,99,237 Rs. 8.66 Crore

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

(in few urban areas) 01/03/2016 9,182 40,587 Rs. 0.50 Crore

Total 2,33,520 9,10,005 Rs. 11.91 Crore

Page 39: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

DBT – Cash Transfers

1. Department of Food & Public Distribution, GoI

2. State/UTs– FCS Departments and NIC Units/Technical Partners

3. Public Financial Management System (PFMS),

4. National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI)

5. Banks – Sponsoring and Disbursing Banks

39

Key S takeholders

Page 40: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Results & Dividends

40

A total of 2.33 Crore Bogus/fraudulent/Ghost or in-eligible

Ration Cards have been deleted during years 2013–2016;

which has enabled “Rightful Targeting” of about Rs. 14,000

Crore worth of foodgrains, per annum.

PDS Computerization

Page 41: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Results & Dividends

41

• Rightful targeting

• Real-time monitoring through MIS

• Check on fake RCs & transactions

• Weed out bad FPSs

• Transparent System

• Portability to Beneficiary

• Improved service delivery

Dividends of FPS Automation

FPS Automation

Page 42: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Sustainable Development Goals

42

Sl. Goals Targets

1 Goal-2 End hunger, achieve food

security and improved

nutrition, and promote

sustainable agriculture

2.1 By 2030 end hunger and ensure access by all people,

in particular the poor and people in vulnerable

situations including infants, to safe, nutritious and

sufficient food all year round

2.C

Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of

food commodity markets and their derivatives, and

facilitate timely access to market information,

including on food reserves, in order to help limit

extreme food price volatility

Page 43: National Consultation on Sustainable Development Goals SDG ... · o System generated Allocation Orders, up to Fair Price Shops o Availability of FPS-wise and Commodity wise ‘Closing

Aim of CENEX

o CENEX will be an autonomous inter-ministerial forum supported by GoI and WFP for positioning India as

a global leader in food and nutritional security.

o Cutting edge research into food security and public distribution. It will emerge as the leading repository

for all best practices, innovations and solutions on food security .

o Co-ordinate pilot projects on innovative practices for food security and assist in scaling up new and

successful practices in the field.

o Staffed by a core team of dedicated and highly qualified professionals with domain expertise across

major areas of food security

o Serve to showcase India’s achievements in food security and disseminate expertise to developing

countries. It will also incubate best practices from developed nations to adapt them to Indian conditions.

o CENEX will be supported by a strong IT and statistical base for collating and analyzing big data on

India’s vast food sector, as also global trends. Its web portal will emerge as a point of reference for all

administrators and researchers in food security and management.

o CENEX will be an important link for India’s achievement of SDG #2 43

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CENEX: Positioning India as a global leader in Food & Nutritional Security

44

Objectives

1. Improving food and

nutrition security in

India

2. Reform of public sector

systems and programs

3. Support other

developing countries

Core functions

1. Public policy review

2. Advocacy

3. Pilot Projects

4. System Implementation

5. Capacity Building

6. Research & Innovation

7. Knowledge Management

Supported by

1. Leadership with a global

profile

2. Domain experts.

3. Strong IT & Statistical

base

4. GoI & UN-WFP

Overarching Goal: Achieve SDG #2

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Deepak Kumar, IAS

Joint Secretary to the Government of India

Email: [email protected]

Thank you!

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Status of States joining NFSA

Date of Implementation Name of States/UTs

July – December, 2013 Haryana, Rajasthan, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab (5)

January – June, 2014 Karnataka, Chattisgarh, Maharashtra, Chandigarh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar (6)

July – December, 2014 -

January – June, 2015 West Bengal (1)

July – December, 2015 Lakshadweep, Tripura, Puducherry, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, Telangana, Daman &

Diu, Odisha, Assam, Goa, Andhra Pradesh (11)

January – June, 2016 Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Meghalaya, Jammu & Kashmir, A & N Islands, Dadra &

Nagar Haveli, Mizoram, Gujarat, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur (10)

July – November, 2016 Nagaland, Kerala, Tamil Nadu (3)

46

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Subsidy under NFSA

Sl.

No. State/UT

RICE (Per Kg.) WHEAT (Per Kg.)

Eco. Cost C.I.P. Subsidy by GOI Subsidy by

State Govt.

Cost to

beneficiary Eco.Cost C.I.P.

Subsidy by

GOI

Subsidy by

State Govt. Cost to beneficiary

1 Rajasthan 32.67 03.00 No allocation of Rice 23.45 02.00 21.45

91.47% 00.00

02.00

8.53%

2 Madhya Pradesh 32.67 03.00 29.67

90.82%

02.00

6.12%

01.00

3.06% 23.45 02.00

21.45

91.47%

01.00

4.265%

01.00

4.265%

3 Karnataka 32.67 03.00 29.67

90.82%

03.00

9.18% 00.00 23.45 02.00 No allocation of Wheat

4 Himachal

Pradesh 32.67 03.00 29.67

90.82% 00.00

03.00

9.18% 23.45 02.00

21.45

91.47% 00.00

02.00

8.53%

5 Haryana 32.67 03.00 No allocation of Rice 23.45 02.00 21.45

91.47% 00.00

02.00

8.53%

6 Gujarat 32.67 03.00 29.67

90.82% 00.00

03.00

9.18% 23.45 02.00

21.45

91.47% 00.00

02.00

8.53%

7 Daman & Diu 32.67 03.00 29.67

90.82% 00.00

03.00

9.18% 23.45 02.00

21.45

91.47% 00.00

02.00

8.53%

8 Chhattisgarh 32.67 03.00 29.67

90.82%

02.00

6.12%

01.00

3.06% 23.45 02.00 No allocation of Wheat

47

Subsidy Share between Government of India, State Government and CIP to the beneficiary

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FPS Automation – 35.5%

48

6 States/UTs –

2 UTs

• D&N Haveli

• Daman & Diu

4 States

• Andhra Pradesh

• Madhya Pradesh

• Rajasthan

• Tamil Nadu

Completed

(100%)

Near Completion

(>90%)

Progressing Stage

(50% – 90%)

3 States –

• Gujarat, 99%

• Chhattisgarh, 99%

• Haryana, 98%

2 States/UT –

1 UT

• A&N Islands, 57%

1 State

• Jharkhand, 87%

Initial Stages

11 States/UT –

1 UT

• Delhi, 1%

9 States

• Bihar, <1%

• Goa, 9%

• Maharashtra, 16%

• Odisha, 8%

• Uttar Pradesh, 1%

• Karnataka, 19%

• Sikkim, 1%

• Telangana, 9%

• Tripura, 1%

• Uttarakhand, <1%

Yet to Start

12 States/UTs –

1 UT

• Lakshadweep

11 States

Arunachal Pradesh,

Assam, Himachal

Pradesh, Jammu &

Kashmir, Kerala,

Manipur, Meghalaya,

Mizoram, Nagaland,

Punjab, and West

Bengal

1,86,726 FPSs out of 5.26 Lakh in 22 States/UTs have operational ePoS

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Implementation/ Business Model #1

State Purchased Model

State Government purchases and provides ePoS infrastructure to FPSs

49

State Ensures • Payment for PoS devices/terminals and AMC

• Availability of technical support to FPS owners

Vendor Ensures

• Delivery of Certified Devices to FPS owners as per order

• Installation of ePoS device and trainings to FPS owner

• Availability of support services at district/block level (minimum)

FPS Dealer Ensures

• Proper upkeep of ePoS device/terminal

• Connectivity of device/terminal to designated server

• Electronic transactions for All beneficiaries

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Implementation/ Business Model #2

50

State Ensures • Interface between Vendors and FPS owners

• Grievance redressal between Vendors and FPS owners

Vendor Ensures

• Delivery of Certified Devices to FPS owners as per order

• Installation of ePoS device and trainings to FPS owner

• Availability of support services at district/block level (minimum)

FPS Dealer Ensures

• Payment to vendors for ePoS device, as agreed

• AMC of ePoS device

• Proper upkeep of ePoS device/terminal

• Connectivity of device/terminal to designated server

• Electronic transactions for All beneficiaries

FPS Owner Purchased Model

FPS owner purchases and installs ePoS infrastructure

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Implementation/ Business Model #3

51

State Ensures • Payments to SI for ePoS Infrastructure and Services procured.

• Availability of technical support to FPS owners

Vendor Ensures

• Availability of Certified Devices to FPS owners as per contract

• Installation of ePoS device and trainings to FPS owner

• AMC for devices and availability of Spares

• Availability of support services at district/block level (minimum)

• Agreed up-time of all devices as per contract

FPS Dealer Ensures

• Proper upkeep of ePoS device/terminal

• Connectivity of device/terminal to designated server

• Electronic transactions for All beneficiaries

System Integrator Model

State Government contracts a System Integrator (SI) for complete rollout

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Aadhaar Seeding (77%)

52

8 States/UTs –

4 UTs

• Chandigarh

• Daman & Diu

• Delhi

• Puducherry

4 States

• Andhra Pradesh

• Karnataka

• Tamil Nadu

• Telangana

Completed

(100%)

Near Completion

(>90%)

Progressing Stage

(50%-80%)

12 States/UTs –

3 UTs

• A&N Islands

• D&N Haveli

• Lakshadweep

9 States

• Chhattisgarh

• Gujarat

• Himachal Pradesh

• Jharkhand

• Kerala

• Rajasthan

• Punjab

• Tripura

• Uttarakhand

10 States –

• Bihar

• Goa

• Haryana

• Jammu & Kashmir

• Madhya Pradesh

• Maharashtra

• Odisha

• Uttar Pradesh

• Sikkim

• West Bengal

Progressing Stage

(1%-50%)

4 States –

• Arunachal Pradesh

• Manipur

• Mizoram

• Nagaland

Negligible

2 States –

• Assam

• Meghalaya

Very low Aadhaar

Generation of 7% and

9% respectively

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Aadhaar Notification

53

Department has notified Section-7 of Aadhaar Act (Targeted Delivery of Financial

and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 . This notification requires

beneficiaries to bring Ration Card and to –

o Furnish proof of possession of Aadhaar number or undergo Aadhaar authentication.

o Furnish proof of possession of Aadhaar Enrolment ID (EID) slip; or copy of

application for Aadhaar enrolment by 30th June 2017, along with any other ID

proof (DL/EPIC/PAN/Kisan Passbook/any other document specified by State Govt.)

o State Food Departments are required to provide enrolment facilities at convenient

locations in coordination with the UIDAI.

o No denial of entitlement to eligible beneficiaries.

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Online Allocation of Foodgrains

54

Implementation in progress (4 States/UT)

1 UT – Lakshadweep

3 States – Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Nagaland

Implemented (30 States/UTs)

4 UTs – Andaman & Nicobar, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu and Delhi

23 States – Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh,

Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan,

Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal

2 States – Jammu & Kashmir and Manipur (Partially implemented)

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Automation of Supply Chain Management

55

Implementation in progress (13 States)

Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram,

Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh

Implemented (20 States/UTs)

4 UTs – Andaman & Nicobar, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu and Delhi

16 States – Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh,

Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Telangana,

Tripura and West Bengal

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Sustainable Development Goals

56

Sl. Goals Targets

1 Goal-2 End hunger, achieve food security

and improved nutrition, and

promote sustainable agriculture

2.1 By 2030 end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the

poor and people in vulnerable situations including infants, to safe,

nutritious and sufficient food all year round

2.C

Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity

markets and their derivatives, and facilitate timely access to market

information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme

food price volatility

2 Goal-12 Ensure sustainable consumption

and production patterns

12.3 By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer

levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains,

including post-harvest losses.

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State-wise Allocation under NFSA

(in lakh tons)

Sl. No. State/UT Average annual

Offtake*

Estmtd. Allocation

under NFSA**

Change under NFSA over

existing offtake

Total allocation under NFSA

- Higher of the two

(column 3 or 4)

1 2 3 4 5 6

States/UTs gaining under NFSA in terms of allocation

1 UTTAR PRADESH 65.90 96.15 30.25 96.15

2 BIHAR 27.89 55.27 27.38 55.27

3 GUJARAT 13.47 23.95 10.48 23.95

4 MAHARASHTRA 36.50 45.02 8.51 45.02

5 RAJASTHAN 20.55 27.92 7.37 27.92

6 JHARKHAND 10.11 16.96 6.85 16.96

7 MADHYA PRADESH 29.71 34.68 4.97 34.68

8 WEST BENGAL 34.08 38.49 4.41 38.49

9 KARNATAKA 22.24 25.56 3.32 25.56

10 HARYANA 5.55 7.95 2.40 7.95

11 PUNJAB 6.60 8.70 2.10 8.70

12 CHHATTISGARH 11.33 12.91 1.58 12.91

13 ORISSA 20.77 21.09 0.32 21.09

14 MANIPUR 1.30 1.58 0.28 1.58

15 DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI 0.08 0.15 0.07 0.15

16 DAMAN & DIU 0.03 0.07 0.04 0.07

17 CHANDIGARH 0.31 0.31 0.00 0.31

Total of States gaining 306.41 416.77 110.35 416.77 57

BACK

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State-wise Allocation Under NFSA (in lakh tons)

Sl. No. State/UT Average annual

Offtake*

Estmtd. Allocation

under NFSA**

Change under NFSA

over existing offtake

Total allocation under NFSA -

Higher of the two (column 3 or 4)

States/UTs loosing under NFSA in terms of allocation

18 LAKSHADWEEP 0.05 0.01 -0.04 0.05

19 PUDUCHERRY 0.50 0.42 -0.08 0.50

20 A & N ISLANDS 0.16 0.05 -0.11 0.16

21 SIKKIM 0.44 0.26 -0.18 0.44

22 MIZORAM 0.66 0.45 -0.20 0.66

23 GOA 0.59 0.34 -0.25 0.59

24 ARUNACHAL PRADESH 0.89 0.57 -0.32 0.89

25 MEGHALAYA 1.76 1.37 -0.39 1.76

26 NAGALAND 1.38 0.94 -0.44 1.38

27 ASSAM 16.95 15.96 -0.99 16.95

28 TRIPURA 2.71 1.64 -1.08 2.71

29 UTTARAKHAND 5.03 3.95 -1.09 5.03

30 TELANGANA 13.38 12.28 -1.10 13.38

31 NCT OF DELHI 5.73 4.56 -1.18 5.73

32 ANDHRA PRADESH 18.72 17.18 -1.53 18.72

33 HIMACHAL PRADESH 5.08 2.45 -2.63 5.08

34 JAMMU & KASHMIR 7.51 4.79 -2.72 7.51

35 KERALA 14.25 10.00 -4.25 14.25

36 TAMIL NADU 36.78 24.12 -12.66 36.78

Total of States loosing 132.58 101.34 -31.24 132.58

GRAND TOTAL (all India) 439.00 518.10 79.11 549.35

58 * Annual average allocation under erstwhile normal TPDS during 2010-11 to 2012-13. Does not include addl. BPL allocation or other adhoc/special allocations

** On the basis of coverage and entitlements under the Act BACK

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State wise RC count

Sl State / UT Ration Cards

AAY PHH Totals

1 Andhra Pradesh 9,24,421 85,11,605 94,36,026 2 Andaman & Nicobar 4,143 9,227 13,370 3 Arunachal Pradesh 37,383 1,38,959 1,76,342 4 Assam 6,91,897 50,63,789 57,55,686 5 Bihar 25,01,000 1,29,00,000 1,54,01,000 6 Chandigarh 117 59,285 59,402 7 Chhattisgarh 7,18,000 46,50,000 53,68,000 8 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 4,311 38,225 42,536 9 Daman & Diu 1,113 23,007 24,120

10 Delhi 76,217 18,69,141 19,45,358 11 Goa 12,617 1,25,744 1,38,361 12 Gujarat 8,11,570 64,18,676 72,30,246 13 Haryana 2,57,876 26,83,262 29,41,138 14 Himachal Pradesh 2,11,005 4,88,579 6,99,584 15 Jammu and Kashmir 2,32,370 13,64,918 15,97,288 16 Jharkhand 9,11,771 48,44,995 57,56,766 17 Karnataka 7,94,770 97,53,336 1,05,48,106 18 Kerala 5,95,800 28,37,236 34,33,036

59 BACK

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State wise RC count

Sl State / UT Ration Cards

AAY PHH Totals

19 Lakshadweep 1,249 3,861 5,110 20 Madhya Pradesh 14,04,474 1,01,33,381 1,15,37,855 21 Maharashtra 25,05,300 1,23,22,750 1,48,28,050 22 Manipur 66,330 4,50,763 5,17,093 23 Meghalaya 60,207 3,61,341 4,21,548 24 Mizoram 25,762 1,17,553 1,43,315 25 Nagaland 47,786 2,35,795 2,83,581 26 Odisha 10,47,858 75,66,012 86,13,870 27 Puducherry 25,185 1,37,271 1,62,456 28 Punjab 1,21,517 35,13,908 36,35,425 29 Rajasthan 6,61,645 95,43,813 1,02,05,458 30 Sikkim 16,500 80,411 96,911 31 Tamil Nadu 17,06,009 81,23,102 98,29,111 32 Telangana 5,55,688 43,72,159 49,27,847 33 Tripura 1,09,620 4,80,497 5,90,117 34 Uttar Pradesh 40,94,500 3,00,25,799 3,41,20,299 35 Uttarakhand 1,84,140 11,46,264 13,30,404 36 West Bengal 16,43,152 1,31,17,105 1,47,60,257

Totals 2,30,63,303 16,35,11,769 18,65,75,072

60 BACK

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Norms of Expenditure

Category of

States and

Union

Territories

Norms of expenditure

(Rate in Rs per quintal) Central Share

(In percent) Intra-State

movement and

handling

Fair Price Shop Dealers’ margin

Basic Additional margin for sale

through point of sale device

General 65 70 17 50

Special 100 143 17 75

61 BACK

Special category States/UTs includes 8 State of NE (including Sikkim), Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir,

Uttarakhand, Lakshadweep, and Andaman & Nicobar Islands