Text of National Pensions Action Campaign 2007 General Pensions Presentation David Malone Head of...
National Pensions Action Campaign 2007 General Pensions Presentation David Malone Head of Information Services The Pensions Board
The Pensions Board Established by the Pensions Act, 1990 Main functions are set out in the Act and include to monitor and supervise the operation of the Act and pension developments generally Board has 2 statutory roles regulatory and policy Promoting pensions development, information and awareness is an associated support function. Board conducts the National Pensions Awareness Campaign (NPAC) on behalf of Government as recommended in the Securing Retirement Income report of the National Pensions Policy Initiative published in 1998
National Pensions Action Campaign 2007
Where will your income come from when you retire? The current state social welfare pension is 209.30 per week (or 10,883 per year) .will this be enough for you to live on ? 87% of the Pensions Board Consumer Research sample said that the State old age pension would NOT meet their needs in retirement
Why have a pension? Provision of regular income to replace earnings in retirement, or early retirement due to ill-health Provision of lump sum benefit income for surviving dependants Tax Reliefs Income Tax and PRSI relief on employee contributions Employer contributions not taxed as BIK (unless paid to PRSA) Pension schemes do not pay income or capital gains tax on investment returns. Part of your retirement benefit may be paid as tax-free cash sum
Tax Relief on Personal Contributions The maximum contribution rate as a percentage of total pay/net relevant earnings on which you can receive tax relief is: Highest age at any time during the tax year Limit Under 30 15% 30-39 20% 40-49 25% 50-54 30% 55-59 35% 60 and over 40% Notes: Contributions will also be relieved from the PRSI and the Health Levy, if you pay these charges. For tax purposes these contributions are limited to earnings up to a maximum of 254,000 in any year.
Company Pension Scheme (88,069 schemes with 726,405 members) (68.9% DB schemes and 31.1% DC schemes) (Fund assets in excess of 70 billion (estimate)) Personal Retirement Savings Accounts (PRSAs) (95,000 PRSAs with asset value of 835m - end Dec 2006) (80,463 employers had signed up with a PRSA provider ) Personal Pension Plans and Retirement Annuity Contracts (RACs) (In excess of 200,000 contracts Irish Insurance Federation) Voluntary regime for supplementary pension provision Types of Irish Private Pensions
Company Pension Schemes Also known as Occupational Pension Schemes, sponsored by employers on behalf of employees In private sector, funded arrangement set up under trust so funds held separately from company assets In public sector usually pay as you go unless commercial public sector Occupational Pension Schemes fall into 2 categories: 1. Defined Benefit 2. Defined Contribution Operation of schemes is regulated by Pensions Act and monitored by the Pensions Board
Occupational Pension Scheme Benefits Pension payable on retirement, usually 65, for your lifetime and taxed under PAYE Once-off tax free cash sum on retirement of up to 1 final salary A pension may be payable to your spouse/dependants/children on your death, either before of after pension commences. A lump sum may be payable on your death either before or after your retirement A pension and/or lump sum may be payable if you retire in ill-health See PB Information Booklets What are my Pension Options? and Women and Pensions
Personal Retirement Savings Accounts (PRSAs) For employees, self-employed, homemakers, carers, unemployed or any other category Contract between individual and PRSA provider Investment account holding units in investments managed by approved PRSA provider Two types Standard PRSA and Non-Standard PRSA Mandatory employer access Usual tax reliefs applicable Transfers to and from other pension arrangements are facilitated as far as possible Pension Board approves PRSA products and monitors activities of PRSA providers
PRSA Benefits In general can take retirement benefit anytime from 60-75 25% of fund as tax-free lump sum at retirement Number of options on how to use balance 1. Purchase annuity with life assurance company, or 2. Transfer value of assets to an Approved Retirement Fund (ARF) subject to meeting the qualifying conditions. Withdraw funds as required (taxed as PAYE), or
PRSA Benefits 3. Retain funds in PRSA and opt to draw income as required (taxed as PAYE). To avail of this option, a minimum of 63,500 must be used to purchase annuity or kept in PRSA until age 75 unless minimum income of 12,700 pa 4. On death before retirement value of fund available as death benefit payable as lump sum or pension or combination of both 5. On death after retirement benefits payable depend on options chosen at time annuity purchased and if ARF in place.
Personal Pensions and Retirement Annuity Contracts (RACS) Self-employed or those in non-pensionable employment can take out a Personal Pension Plan aka Retirement Annuity Contract (RAC) Individual contract between individual and insurance company Can also effect a life assurance policy at some time to protect dependants These plans are not covered by Pensions Act but are regulated by Insurance Acts
Personal Pensions/RACs Benefits Options and benefits on death and on retirement much the same as PRSAs May not normally retire till age 60 May retire at any stage in permanent ill-health See PB Information Booklets What are my pensions options?, Women and Pensions and PRSAs a Consumers Guide
Pension Adjustment Orders (PAOs) PAOs do not apply for judicial separations or foreign divorces; if granted before 1/08/1996, Irish divorces granted before 27/02/1997 for non judicial separations i.e. separation by agreement. A PAO designates part of the pension benefits to a non member spouse or person representing a dependent child.
PAOs - continued Separate PAOs can be made in relation to; retirement benefits (benefit payable to a member spouse) and contingent benefits (e.g. Death in service benefits). PAO in relation to contingent benefits must be made with 12 months of judicial separation or divorce. General info on a spouses pension can be sought through the trustees of the pension scheme. Personal info will be given on your spouses consent and if no consent is given you may apply for a court order for info to be released.
PAOs - continued Court rules on 2 key factors relevant period and relevant percentage. A designated benefit is awarded and will commence at same time as member spouse unless an independent benefit is requested, i.e. transfer of a designated benefit either within the scheme or to another scheme, to a bond, or a PRSA. Further info see www.pensionsboard.ie and the Family Law and Women & Pensions bookletswww.pensionsboard.ie
Only 61.8 % of the adult Irish workforce over 30 years of age Only 58.3% of men in the Irish workforce Only 50.6% of women in the Irish workforce Less than 25% of those working in the agricultural industries including farming working seasonal & part-time working in the catering & tourism industries .have private pensions (Source: CSO Survey Dec 2006) The Facts
Consumer Research and Awareness Audits The key barriers to starting a pension for most people are: Cant afford one house/holiday/car etc are the immediate priority Too young to start a pension Too complicated dont understand pensions
Changing World We Live In We are Living Longer More Contract Work More Part Time Working Single Parent Households Smaller Families Separation Divorce
Changing Demographics 200620262056 Nos at Work 2,000,1002,268,0002,125,000 Aged over 65 464,000844,0001,532,000 Nos at work per person over 65 22.214.171.124
Employers Play your Part Access for all Employees By law an employer must provide ALL employees with some form of access to a pension, whether they are in full-time, part-time, temporary, contract or casual employment. All employers regardless of the size of their workforce are obliged to provide access to a Standard PRSA if those employees fall into the category of excluded employees (details available on the Boards website).
National Pensions Action Campaign 2007 Time for Action
Overview NPAC 2003 2006 NPAC 2003 Think about tomorrow. Today Focused on awareness building. NPAC 2004 You cant hide from your financial future forever Continued focus on Awareness building. NPAC 2005 Action & Responsibility Moved attention to taking action. NPAC 2006 Action & Adequacy Continued to focus on action and adequacy.
National Pensions Action Campaign 2007 Background and Objectives Background to 2007 Campaign The 2007 National Pensions Action Campaign message will be Now is the time to take Pensions Action CSO figures identify specific sectors with low levels of pension penetration - PR Strategy will focus on driving action in these specific sectors, particularly 25 35 year olds. Budget of 1,000,