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NCAR Research Aviation Facility. CSU visit 11-April-2007 Dave Rogers - Airborne Research. Outline U.S. Federal airborne science fleet NSF C-130 & HIAPER Anatomy of RAF PACDEX Tour C-130 & G-V. Corporation of North American universities - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of NCAR Research Aviation Facility

  • NCARResearch Aviation FacilityCSU visit 11-April-2007 Dave Rogers -

  • Airborne ResearchOutlineU.S. Federal airborne science fleetNSF C-130 & HIAPERAnatomy of RAFPACDEXTour C-130 & G-V

  • UCAR Mesa LabBoulder CO

  • Federal Airborne Science FleetNOAA P-3NASA ER-2NASA DC-8USN P-3UND

  • Federal Airborne Science FleetNASA WB-57NASA Twin OtterNASA ProteusDOE G-1

  • University AircraftUniv. Wyoming King-AirUND Citation

  • EOL Systems: PartnershipsNCAR Electra - retiredNRL P-3 now carries NCAR Doppler radar

  • C130 Research Aircraft Atmospheric Boundary Layer OceanographyAir/Sea InteractionCloud PhysicsTropospheric Profiling Radiometric Measurements Atmospheric ChemistryAerosol Measurements 10 Hours EnduranceRange 3100 nmMax Operating Altitude 26,000 ft23,000 lb (13,000 with max fuel)Electrical Power 90kVA @ 115 Vac 400 Hz; 21kVA @ 115Vac 60 Hz; 400A @ 28Vdc

  • C-130 basic instruments adjustable configurations investigator instruments

  • Gulfstream-V Modifications 2003 2005+ missions: ProgSci 2005, T-REX 2006, PACDEX 2007HIAPER High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research

  • HIAPER - performanceEndurance10 hRange6,000 nmAir speeds120 230 m/sAltitude Max51,000 ftPayload 3,400 lbCrew2 pilots + 8 sciElectrical Power 20kVA @ 115/208 vac 400 Hz; 21kVA @ 115 vac 60 Hz; 5 kW @ 28 vdc

  • RAF Strength: Great Staff

  • Field Project SupportRAF staff of 35 people: project management scientistssoftware engineerselectrical & instrumentation engineersaeronautical engineerinstrument techniciansaircraft mechanicspilots & flight engineersscientistsadministration

  • Data Systems, Software, Processing, and Archivaltools for data display and analysis free! -

  • RAF Field ProjectsEarlier projects:2000 TOPSE Greenland to Manitoba1999 MAPS Italy-Austria-Switzerland1999 INDOEX - Indian Ocean1998 SHEBA - Alaska

  • PACDEX - tracking Asian dust plume

  • JAPANRussianAirspaceHawaii1 hrPACDEX Japan-Japan FlightPossible plumePossible plume= step descent/ascent profiles deviating to sample clouds (See next figures)Get above plumeDuring ferry to Sampling regionPlume track determined by forecast (only one plume)

  • PACDEX - wing store instrumentsUHSAS = aerosol size distr 70 -1000 nmCDP = cloud droplet probe, 2 - 60 m2DC = cloud particle size distr & images ~100-1600 mSID-2H = cloud particle size distr & phase, 2 - 60 mRICE = supercooled cloud waterKing = liquid water condensate (g m-3)video = forward looking

  • PACDEX cabin2 pilots1 mechanic7 - science crew9 - instrument racks

  • PACDEX - cabin instrumentsstate parameters (T, P, humidity) + windswater vaporozoneCO = carbon monoxideHARP = radiation (actinic flux + spectral irradiance ~0.4 - 2 m)CVI = cloud condensate (> 5 m, cloud particle residuals)CFDC (CSU) = ice nucleating aerosol particlesCCN = cloud condensation nuclei (~0.2 1% ss)SP-2 = soot particles (>100 nm size & conc)streakers + impactor = aerosol particle collectors for SEM analysisRDMA = aerosol size distribution (10 150 nm)CN = total particle conc.GNI = giant nuclei impactor ( > 2 m)satcom = satellite telephone data communicationsreal-time display stations + Internet Relay chatmore about PACDEX -

  • dynamic heating of air samples predictable from thermodynamics loss of volatile components from particleso

  • tour C-130 & HIAPERPhotos of G-Vs green parts are not allowed.Otherwise, take all the pictures you want.

  • More information about RAF

    PPT presentation for CSU - Jeff Colletts Air Pollution Measurement class AT560NCAR Electra and NOAA P-3 at Innsbruck, Austria, for MAP project 1999Hierarchy of the institution. NSF provides base funding of all operations. Show the wide variety of public research aircraft currently in use in the U.S.Univ North Dakota currently manages the NASA DC-8 operations.UND Citation was lost during icing study when it made an unplanned off-field landing in Alaska. All aboard survived; no injuries.SDSMT T-28 storm-penetration aircraft has been retired and will be replaced with A-10 Warthog.Although NCAR retired the Electra aircraft, the tail-mounted Doppler radar (ELDORA) is still operated when requested for research by mounting on U.S. Navy P-3.Kinds of scientific research that the C130 has been used for, and general description of performance.Photo looking forward shows typical instrumentation payload in the cabin.Software developed at EOL for analysis & display of netcdf data (left) and for real-time display of measurements on the aircraft. (right) Older version of real-time software is no longer in use. New version (AEROS) supports current data system and HIAPER.Research flight patterns may have to contend with commercial air traffic lanes as assigned by ATC. This may not be optimal for sampling the dust & pollution plumes.Instruments mounted under HIAPERs wings for PACDEX.Mix of instrument racks and crew seats in the cabin.There are many issues associated with sampling from high speed aircraft. This is one example.

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