Nepal- Guideline for Planning of Multiuse MUS of Water Resources

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    Guidelines forPlanning and Providing

    Multiple-Use Water Services

    Authors: Marieke Adank, Barbara van Koppen, and Stef Smits,

    on behalf of the MUS Group

    February 2012

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    Adank, M., van Koppen, B. and Smits, S., 2012. Guidelines for

    Planning and Providing Multiple -Use Water Services. [online]

    IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre and

    International Water Management Institute.

    Available at:http://www.musgroup.net.

    Cover photo by Barbara van Koppen

    Copyright 2012 IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre and International Water Management Institute

    This work is licensed under the Creative Commons license: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

    View copyright terms here: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/nl/deed.en

    ISBN/EAN: 978-90-6687-079-6

    IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre is an independent knowledge centre in the field of water supply,

    sanitation, hygiene and integrated water resources management in relation to development cooperation.

    IRC conducts research, provides training and advisory services, and information products and services. IRC works

    for both the public and the private sector, for Dutch and international organisations, including UN institutions,

    development banks, non-governmental organisations and private charities.

    The International Water Management Institute is a non-profit, scientific organisation that focuses on the

    sustainable use of water and land resources for poverty reduction. With headquarters in Sri Lanka, IWMI has

    regional offices in 12 countries across Africa and Asia. IWMI works in close partnership with international and

    national research institutes, universities and development organisations. The Institute draws on the expertise of

    economists, agronomists, hydrologists, engineers, social scientists and health researchers from the North and

    South. IWMI helps developing countries strengthen their own research capacity through PhD and post-doctoral

    fellowship programmes. IWMIs products include research reports, working papers, water policy briefings,

    newsletters and corporate communications material.

    The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the

    International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). The designations employed and the presentation of material in

    this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IFAD concerning the legal status of

    any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The

    designations developed and developing countries are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express

    a judgement about the stage reached by a particular country or area in the development process.

    http://www.musgroup.net/http://www.musgroup.net/http://www.musgroup.net/http://www.musgroup.net/
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    Acknowledgements

    The production of these Multiple-Use Water Services (MUS) guidelines is the result of a collaborative

    effort of the member of the MUS Group, a global group of individuals and organisations with an

    interest in multiple use water services. The authors therefore owe a big thank you to all MUS Group

    members for their valuable inputs in the preparation of these guidelines.

    Special thanks go to Audrey Nepveu De Villemarceau (IFAD), Robina Wahaj (FAO), Robert Meerman

    (RAIN foundation), Zemede Abebe (RiPPLE) and Inez Restrepo (CINARA), for valuable comments and

    suggestions for improving this document. Furthermore, the authors would like to thank Minnie

    Hildebrand, Marion Giese and Angelica de Jesus for their support in editing this document and

    making it ready for publication.

    Finally, the authors extend gratitude to IFAD which enabled the development of these guidelines

    with generous financial support from the Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation (SDC).

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    Contents

    Acknowledgements ................................................................................................................................ iii

    Contents ................................................................................................................................................. ivBoxes, Figures and Tables ...................................................................................................................... vi

    List of acronyms ................................................................................................................................... viii

    Glossary ................................................................................................................................................... x

    Introduction and set-up of the guidelines .............................................................................................. 1

    Where do these guidelines come from? ............................................................................................. 1

    Objectives and target audience .......................................................................................................... 3

    Set-up of the guidelines and how to use the guidelines ..................................................................... 4

    Part 1: MUS concepts and entry points .................................................................................................. 6

    Multiple-use water services ................................................................................................................ 6

    MUS Entry points ................................................................................................................................ 7

    Levels and functions............................................................................................................................ 9

    Part 2: Guidelines for planning and provision of MUS.......................................................................... 12

    The MUS cycle ................................................................................................................................... 12

    Phase 1: Introducing MUS ................................................................................................................. 14

    Phase 2: Situational assessment ....................................................................................................... 16

    Phase 3: Visioning and strategic planning ........................................................................................ 19

    Phase 4: Fitting the financing framework ......................................................................................... 21

    Phase 5: Implementation of MUS interventions .............................................................................. 24

    Phase 6: Support to continuous service provision ............................................................................ 25

    Part 3: Guidelines for the development of an enabling environment for MUS ................................... 26

    A: Evidence-based advocacy ............................................................................................................. 27

    B: Capacity development at intermediate and national level .......................................................... 29

    Part 4: Reference guide to tools and methods ..................................................................................... 31

    Tool 1. Community meeting to raise interest in multiple use water services .............................. 32

    Tool 2. Getting in-depth information and lots of good ideas: focus group discussion ................. 34

    Tool 3. Water user categorisation: Livelihood groups and wealth ranking .................................. 36

    Tool 4. Identification of water services and users ........................................................................ 39

    Tool 5. Rapid Appraisal Procedure for MUS system ..................................................................... 42

    Tool 6. Identification of user representation ................................................................................ 46

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    Tool 7. Community mapping ......................................................................................................... 48

    Tool 8. Seeing is also learning: village walk ................................................................................... 51

    Tool 9. RIDA: Analysis of water resources, infrastructure, demand and access ........................... 52

    Tool 10. Village water resources assessment ................................................................................. 55

    Tool 11. Assessing demand for water for different uses ................................................................ 57

    Tool 12. Household questionnaire on water resources, infrastructure, water demand and use... 60

    Tool 13. Water quantity measurements from water resources and infrastructure ....................... 62

    Tool 14. Surveying water resources and infrastr

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