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  • NEPALESE JOURNAL OF

    ANIMAL SCIENCE

    EditorsSubarna Man Pradhan, PhD

    Lok Nath Paudel, PhDSuresh Kumar Wagle

    Sunita Sanjyal

    Nepal Animal Science AssociationJuly, 2015

    ISSN-2467-9143

  • Nepalese Journal of Animal Science

    2015 Nepal Animal Science Association (NASA)

    ISSN: 2467-9143

    NASA Executive Committee:President: Mr. Devendra YadavVice President: Dr. Shreeram Prasad NeupaneVice President: Prof. Dr. Mana Raj KolachhapatiGeneral Secretary: Mr. Rudra Prasad PaudelSecretary: Mr. Bhola Shankar ShresthaSecretary: Mr. Nirajan BhattaraiTreasurer: Mr. Ram Bali SahMember: Mr. Shiva Prakash AcharyaMember: Ms Neeta PradhanMember: Mr. Shiva Nath MahatoMember: Ms Sujaya UpretiMember: Mr Humnath Aryal

    Regional Representative:Eastern RegionCentral RegionWestern RegionMid Western RegionFar Western Region

    Past Executive CommitteePresident: Mr. Uday Chandra ThakurVice President: Dr. Chet Raj UpretiVice President: Prof. Dr. Mana Raj KolachhapatiGeneral Secretary: Mr. Rudra Prasad PaudelSecretary: Mr. Bhola Shankar ShresthaSecretary: Ms. Asha RayamajhiTreasurer: Mr. Ram Bali SahMember: Mr. Prasanna Kumar KoiralaMember: Ms Sunita SanjyalMember: Mr. Daba Chhiring TamangMember: Mr. Shiva Nath MahatoMember: Mr Iswori Prasad Kadaria

    ii

  • Contents

    Climate smart feeding package to improve on milk production with lowering methane production through Urea Molasses Mineral Block (UMMB) supplementation to dairy diets Chet Raj Upreti, Doj Raj Khanal, Sunil Aryal, Rupa Bastola........................................................1

    Evaluation of growth performance of local poultry sakini raised under intensive management system Neena Amatya Gorkhali and Raju Bhusal .............................11

    Seasonal variation in egg production and hatchability of artificially and naturally inseminated hubbard breeder Dinesh Bhattarai, Nirahan Bhattarai, Shyam Kishor Sah, and Dinesh kumar Singh...............................................................20

    Effect of non genetic factors on reproductive performance of hill goat in Nawalparasi, Nepal Ananda Kumar Parajuli, Mana Raj Kolachhapati, Niranjan Bhattarai and Naba Raj Devkota...........................................29

    Assessment of the productive parameters and performance of progenies of jersey and its crosses under farmers managed field condition of the selected dis tricts of central and wes tern development regions of Nepal Shiva Nath Mahato, Mana Raj Kollachapti, Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Niranjan Bhattarai, Khagendra Raj Sapkota ...........40

    Evaluation of different oat cultivars at various altitude of Nepal Kishor Kumar Shres tha, Sunita Sanjyal and Dinesh Pariyar.....56

    Effect of fertilization on seed yield of mature Stands of perennial fodder legume Ram Prasad Ghimire, Naba Raj Devkota, Chet Raj Upreti........67

    Growth performance of grazing intact male kids supplemented with different levels protein diet under farmers' managed condition Madan Singh Dhami, Naba Raj Devkota, Sunita Sanjyal......79

    iii

  • Replacement effects of soybean meal (sbm) with different levels of sunflower meal (sfm) with or without enzyme on performance of cobb-500 broilers two different oils in feeds for broiler; effects on fat diges tion Hem Raj Dhakal, Ramashish Sah, Dainik Bahadur Nepali Karki, Jagat Lal Yadav............................................................89

    Two different oils in feeds for broiler; effects on fat diges tion Sagar Paudel, Netra Prasad Os ti and Sunita Sanjyal..........100

    Effect of heat treated soyabean cake feeding on growth performnce of growing female goats in fodder based basal diet Megh Raj Tiwari, Dipak Adhikary, Devi Prasad Adhikary, Ram Prasad Ghimire and Shiva Hari Ghimire.....................112

    Effect of substitution of soybean meal with full fat soybean on broiler performance Birendra Khanal, Maheshwor Sapkota,Chet Raj Upreti and Sunita Sanjyal........................................................................123

    Broodfish management status and rate of inbreeding in carp hatcheries in Nepal Suresh Kumar Wagle, Neeta Pradhan, Tek Bahadur Gurung, Surendra Prasad and Arjun Bahadur Thapa .......................132

    DNA marker based genetic variation of rohu (labeo rohita) populations from hatcheries and river of Nepal Neeta Pradhan, Suresh Kumar Wagle, Jitendra Maharjan, Suraj Sapkota2 and Ram Rokka ...........................................152

    Impact of community forest on farm fodder cultivation and livestock production system: a case of sudarbazar VDC, lamjung Kailash Prasad Timsina........................................................160

    Important socio-economic determinants and their effects to the buffalo farming system in mid-hills of Nepal Lok Nath Paude, ter Meulen, U. , Dahal,H. 1, Wollny, C.B.A. and Gauly M. .......................................................................176

    3

    Climate Smart Feeding Package to Improve on Milk Production with Lowering Methane Production through Urea Molasses

    Mineral Block (UMMB Supplementation to Dairy Diets

    Chet Raj Upreti, Doj Raj Khanal, Sunil Aryal, Rupa BastolaNepal Agricultural Research Council

    Kathmandu , NepalEmail crupreti55@gmail.com

    Abstract

    A study was carried out with the objectives to find out on the effect of UMMB to lower the methane level in the rumen, and effect on milk production of lactating cattle in stall-fed management system. The study was conducted during winter from February to April, 2011.for 90 days. Twelve lactating dairy cows of similar age and lactation stage were divided into two groups, each containing 6 lactating crossbred Jersey and Holstein Friesian cows. The animal were fed with green grass, rice straw, and compounded concentrate feed to fulfill the nutrient requirement as recommended by NRC 2001. The ration included UMMB as supplementary feeding at the rate of 450 gram per day per animal. Daily feed intake and milk yield were recorded. Milk sample was analyzed to determine the milk constituents, such as fat, SNF, protein at 15 days interval. Ruminal gas was collected from the experimental animal and was analyzed to detect the level of methane by using Gas Chromatography. UMMB supplemented group of cows recorded higher level of milk production of 5.11 0.63 (Range 4.10-7.2) vs 6.29 0.63 litters per day. Average total daily milk production per animal of treated group was 1.18 litters (43.30 %) per day. A higher level of milk production at treated groups, although the production level was not significantly higher could be due to the effect of UMMB supplementation in the diet with higher digestibility. Average total daily milk production per animal of treated group was 1.18 litters (43.30 %) per day. Average fat % was increased by 0.43 percent (4.69 0.25 vs 5.12 0.15), Solid Not Fat was almost similar in the both groups of animal ( 8.66 and 8.41 % control vs treatment group). Animal's udder was healthy in terms of mastitis infection as the average conductivity was recorded of 3.5 indicating to help to maintain the milk production and milk letdown. The UMMB supplementation was able to reduce methane level by more than threefold (6.097 vs 18.121%) in the rumen of dairy animal. The use of UMMB is environmentally friendly as the energy, protein and mineral supplementation was able to reduce methane level in the rumen. It has been concluded that the energy, protein and mineral supplementation increase on the digestibility of feedstuff and hence helps to increase milk production, milk composition and to mitigate the methane production in dairy cattle under the stall feeding management system.

    iv

  • 13

    Climate Smart Feeding Package to Improve on Milk Production with Lowering Methane Production through Urea Molasses

    Mineral Block (UMMB Supplementation to Dairy Diets

    Chet Raj Upreti, Doj Raj Khanal, Sunil Aryal, Rupa BastolaNepal Agricultural Research Council

    Kathmandu , NepalEmail crupreti55@gmail.com

    Abstract

    A study was carried out with the objectives to find out on the effect of UMMB to lower the methane level in the rumen, and effect on milk production of lactating cattle in stall-fed management system. The study was conducted during winter from February to April, 2011.for 90 days. Twelve lactating dairy cows of similar age and lactation stage were divided into two groups, each containing 6 lactating crossbred Jersey and Holstein Friesian cows. The animal were fed with green grass, rice straw, and compounded concentrate feed to fulfill the nutrient requirement as recommended by NRC 2001. The ration included UMMB as supplementary feeding at the rate of 450 gram per day per animal. Daily feed intake and milk yield were recorded. Milk sample was analyzed to determine the milk constituents, such as fat, SNF, protein at 15 days interval. Ruminal gas was collected from the experimental animal and was analyzed to detect the level of methane by using Gas Chromatography. UMMB supplemented group of cows recorded higher level of milk production of 5.11 0.63 (Range 4.10-7.2) vs 6.29 0.63 litters per day. Average total daily milk production per animal of treated group was 1.18 litters (43.30 %) per day. A higher level of milk production at treated groups, although the production level was not significantly higher could be due to the effect of UMMB supplementation in the diet with higher digestibility. Average total daily milk production per animal of treated group was 1.18 litters (43.30 %) per day. Average fat % was increased by 0.43 percent (4.69 0.25 vs 5.12 0.15), Solid Not Fat was almost similar in the both groups of animal ( 8.66 and 8.41 % control vs treatment group). Animal's udde