Network Topology Mapper

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  • NETWORK TOPOLOGY MAPPER

    SolarWinds Network Topology Mapper Administrator Guide

  • Copyright 1995-2013 SolarWinds Worldwide, LLC. All rights reserved worldwide. No part of this document may be reproduced by any means nor modified, decompiled, disassembled, published or distributed, in whole or in part, or translated to any electronic medium or other means without the written consent of SolarWinds. All right, title, and interest in and to the software and documentation are and shall remain the exclusive property of SolarWinds and its respective licensors. SOLARWINDS DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, CONDITIONS OR OTHER TERMS, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, ON SOFTWARE AND DOCUMENTATION FURNISHED HEREUNDER INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION THE WARRANTIES OF DESIGN, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL SOLARWINDS, ITS SUPPLIERS, NOR ITS LICENSORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES, WHETHER ARISING IN TORT, CONTRACT OR ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY EVEN IF SOLARWINDS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. The SolarWinds, the SolarWinds & Design, ipMonitor, LANsurveyor, Orion, and other SolarWinds marks, identified on the SolarWinds website, as updated from SolarWinds from time to time and incorporated herein, are registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and may be registered or pending registration in other countries. All other SolarWinds trademarks may be common law marks or registered or pending registration in the United States or in other countries. All other trademarks or registered trademarks contained and/or mentioned herein are used for identification purposes only and may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies. Microsoft, Windows, and SQL Server are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. SolarWinds Network Topology Mapper 10.10.13, version 2.0

  • SolarWinds Network Topology Mapper Administrator Guide

    Contents iii

    About SolarWinds

    SolarWinds, Inc develops and markets an array of network management, monitoring, and discovery tools to meet the diverse requirements of todays network management and consulting professionals. SolarWinds products continue to set benchmarks for quality and performance and have positioned the company as the leader in network management and discovery technology. The SolarWinds customer base includes over 45 percent of the Fortune 500 and customers from over 90 countries. Our global business partner distributor network exceeds 100 distributors and resellers.

    Contacting SolarWinds

    You can contact SolarWinds in a number of ways, including the following:

    Team Contact Information

    Sales

    sales@solarwinds.com www.solarwinds.com

    1.866.530.8100

    +353.21.5002900

    Technical Support www.solarwinds.com/support

    User Forums http://thwack.solarwinds.com/

    Conventions

    The documentation uses consistent conventions to help you identify items throughout the printed and online library.

    Convention Specifying

    Bold Window items, including buttons and fields.

    Italics Book and CD titles, variable names, new terms

    Fixed font File and directory names, commands and code examples, text typed by you

    Straight brackets, as in [value]

    Optional command parameters

    Curly braces, as in {value}

    Required command parameters

    Logical OR, as in value1|value2

    Exclusive command parameters where only one of the options can be specified

  • iv Contents

    Contents

    About SolarWinds ........................................................................................... iii

    Contacting SolarWinds .................................................................................... iii

    Conventions .................................................................................................... iii

    Chapter 1

    Introduction ................................................................................................... 1

    Benefits Of Network Topology Mapper ........................................................... 1

    Scheduled Topology Discovery .................................................................. 2 Virtual Device Connectivity ......................................................................... 2 Shareable and Printable Maps ................................................................... 2 View Switched and Routed Connectivity .................................................... 2 Map Encryption ........................................................................................... 2 IPv6 Support ............................................................................................... 3

    How NTM Works ............................................................................................. 3

    Missing Connections ................................................................................... 4

    Chapter 2

    Installing NTM ................................................................................................ 7 NTM Installation Requirements .................................................................. 7 Network Device Requirements ................................................................... 8

    Installing NTM ................................................................................................. 8

    Chapter 3

    Discovering Devices and Topologies ....................................................... 11

    Discovery Credentials ................................................................................... 11

    Network Selection ......................................................................................... 14

    Specific IP Addresses ............................................................................... 15 IP Address Range ..................................................................................... 15 Subnets ..................................................................................................... 15

    Discovery Settings ........................................................................................ 16

    Discovery Scheduling .................................................................................... 17

    Discovery Results ......................................................................................... 19

    Rescanning an Existing Map ......................................................................... 20

    Chapter 4

  • SolarWinds Network Topology Mapper Administrator Guide

    Contents v

    Working with Maps ...................................................................................... 23

    Understanding Network Segment Nodes ...................................................... 23

    Using Map Navigator ..................................................................................... 24

    Additional Navigation Options ....................................................................... 25

    Viewing Connection Information .................................................................... 27

    Viewing and Editing Nodes and Node Details ............................................... 28

    Using Map Layouts ........................................................................................ 30

    Running External Diagnostic Tools on Map Nodes ....................................... 30

    Running Custom Tools .................................................................................. 31

    Export, Import and File Options ..................................................................... 32

    Exporting Maps ......................................................................................... 32 Importing Maps .......................................................................................... 34

    Using Custom Properties ............................................................................... 35

    Map Reports .................................................................................................. 36

    Using NTM for an Ad Hoc Compliance Report ......................................... 36

    Appendix A

    Network Discovery Options ........................................................................ 37

    General Discovery Options ............................................................................ 37

    About SNMP .............................................................................................. 37 About Subnets ........................................................................................... 39 Large Subnets and Discovery ................................................................... 39 What are Hops? ........................................................................................ 40 Windows Credentials (WMI) ...................................................................... 40 What are VMware Credentials? ................................................................ 41 Ignoring ICMP Only Nodes ....................................................................... 41 When not to use Bridge Tables ................................................................. 41 Map Encryption ......................................................................................... 42 Setting an initial encryption password ....................................................... 42 Changing the encryption password ........................................................... 42

    Network Selection Discovery Options ....................................................