Newscast: The Protestant Reformation & Counter ReformationsWith your group, you are going to create a newscast on the Protestant & Counter Reformations. (think 5 WsWho, What, When, Where, Why?)You need:Anchor(s)Interviewer(s) in the fieldGuest(s) to interviewWrite (at least) a 1-page dialogue for your newscast.Make sure every person has their own part recorded, so you can perform it easier. THIS WILL BE PERFORMED TODAY!Have fun with it
Example: NewscastAnchor Enter Name:From the studio, we are going to our Special Correspondent who is standing by with a protester! Mr. Varghese, please tell us about this protester!Mr. Varghese:Yes, Hello _______. Here I find myself on this cold, dark & dreary day, talking to none other than the man who started this whole thingMr. Martin Luther!Anchor:Oh, wow, so you are actually conversing with THE Martin Luther? Tell us what he has been doing today while protesting & what exactly is his motivation for protesting this seemingly holy organization of the Roman Catholic Church.Mr. Varghese:Mr. Luther, what is your motivation for protesting & how have you been protesting?Martin Luther:Greetings & God bless to everyone listening. Due to the corruption within the Roman Catholic Church & the wrongful leading of the innocent to the depths of hell, I find myself nailing my 95 Theses on the door here at the local church in Wittenberg, Germany.Mr. Varghese:And what response has the Church given you, Mr. Luther?.Oh, my goodness, Anchor _______, we have some angry people shouting at Mr. Luther..Wait.. I think my sound has been disconnected.hello?
BREAKING NEWS: The Counter Reformation is beginning!
Reformation Posters -Create a poster from either the Protestant Reformers perspective OR the perspective of the Catholic Church:Example:Choose a specific Protestant Reformer & show what they believed (Martin Luther, John Calvin, Zwingli, Henry VIII, Anabaptists etc.)
ORChoose a reason, the Roman Catholic Church thought the Protestant Reformers (groups) were radical & heretical.
Must(s): Use the entire piece of paper, with correct spelling, legible, neat, accurate & full of color!
WarmUp #4Complete the Map Analysis on pg. 468 & answer the corresponding questions.Read & answer the questions on the bottom of pgs. 470-471 regarding exploration & the diffusion of ideas.
Objective:The learner will be able to: examine the causes of European exploration & the effects on the native peoples they encounter.Guided InstructionActivityDiscussion
EXPLORATION OFTHE NEW WORLD
Europeans on the movethroughout high Middle Ages & Renaissance, Europeans became more wealthy because of tradefascinated by the Far East (Marco Polo) most conflicts had settled down & kings had now consolidated powernew inventions/ideas from the East: astrolabe, compass, deep-draft ships, caravel etchelp with navigation!The 3 Gs of European expansion: God, glory, gold!conversion of the heathen for Godglory for the nation & monarchgold for merchants & adventurers
Civilizations in the Americas
Mayan Civilization (~300-900 AD)Central Americalarge cities centered around pyramids with shrines to the godscity-states with hereditary rulers, nobles, artisans/merchants, peasants & slavespolytheistic: used human sacrifice to appease gods & celebrate events sophisticated calendar used both solar calendar (365 days) & sacred calendarcause of decline unknown?
Aztec Civilization (~1100s-1500s AD)Mexico: capital at Tenochtitlanpowerful warriorsbelieved in human sacrificescientific: calculated movement of many planetsbelieved sign of arrow through a tree (Spanish cross) meant the gods were returningconquistador: Spanish military leader who fought against the Native AmericansHernan Cortes landed in 1519 AD & was welcomed by Montezuma (king) but soon took him hostage & destroyed the Aztec Civilization
Incan Civilization (~1400-1535 AD)Peru/Chile areaused llamas to transport goodsgreat builders: roads & bridges & monuments without mortar (Machu Picchu)no written languagekept records with knotted rope (quipu)Francisco Pizarro landed in 1531 & defeated the Incas after their leader Atahualpa would not convertIncas & Aztecs were defeated by disease (smallpox) as much as by the use of weapons
Portugal (Portuguese)Prince Henry the Navigator financed expeditions down the western coast of Africadiscovered gold & African slaves1488 Bartholomeu Dias rounded tip of Africa (Cape of Good Hope)1498 Vasco da Gama went around the Cape of Good Hope to India & backset up trading posts throughout South & Southeast Asiacontrolled spice trade1519-1522 Magellan circumnavigated the entire world
Colonies in the Americas, 1700pg. 477
Answer both questions
Spain (Spanish)Christopher Columbus (Italian) was convinced Earth was not very bigcould reach Asia by sailing west from Europejourney financed by Ferdinand & IsabellaAnna, Pinta & Santa Maria reached Hispaniola (Haiti/Dominican Republic): October 1492
Spain & Portugal: main exploring nationsTreaty of Tordesillas (1494): line of demarcation: the East was controlled by Portugal & the West by Spain
Portuguese & Spanish
England & FranceCabot: coast of CanadaDrake: Pacific NorthwestHudson: New England for EnglandAmerigo Vespucci: explorer/mapmaker/cartographer journals of the New World (the Americas)French explored St. Lawrence Seawaytraders > settlers (worked with the Native Americans)English settled into colonies (mercantilism)Roanoke, Jamestown, Plymouth Baydistrusted the Native Americansthe English expanded & came into conflict with the French, as well as, the Native Americans
Read & answer the following questions from these pages:1. Explorers and their Routes, pg. 4732. An Explorers Journal, pg. 4743. The Treatment of Native Americans, pg. 478