Newspaper Organisation

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Text of Newspaper Organisation

Mass Communication ProjectBy:Aqsa Javed Mehak Liaqat Ali Noor-ul-Ain Pasha Roma Ejaz Zainab Zameer Zalnashta Khawar Zara Usmani

Introduction to newspaper

What is a newspaper: A newspaper is a regularly published print product containing information vital to the function of the market it serves. Features in Newspaper includes: Editorial opinions, op-eds Obituaries Comic strips, crosswords, sudoku and horoscopes Weather , forecasts Advice, gossip, food, Critical Reviews. Classified ads Display ads

Origins of Newspaper

First printed Newspaper appeared in GERMANY in late 1400s in the forms of Pamphlets The Weekly News 1622 -- the first successively published title 1640s-1650s news book format Pre-History: Earliest variation on a newspaper was a daily sheet published in 59 BC in Rome called Acta Diurna(Daily events) by Julius Caesar Late-History: * Printing press invented by Johann Gutenberg in 1447 * Manuscript newssheets were products of European Countries in 1665 * In 1700s development of newspaper was encourage * First daily newspaper was The Daily Courant in London, 1702 * Frances first daily newspaper appears in 1777, Journal de Paris * United state first daily was Pennsylvania Packet in 1784

Origins of Newspaper

English Newspapers in Indian Subcontinent First newspaper sent was by British man William Bolts in 1766 In 1780 another man James Augustus Hickey Published named Bengal Gazette/General Calcutta Adviser In November 1781 another newspaper named Indian Gazette was introduced which was pro Government and against Hickey Invention of Telegraph The invention of the telegraph in 1844 transformed print media 1890 to 1920 Golden age or Print media Between 1940 to 1990 newspaper circulation dropped

Organization of The Newspaper

Editorial PageEditorial page is the most important and major page in the news paper. It is also known as the opinion page. It is the page reserved in newspaper and magazines for publications editorial Contents of Editorial page 1. Editorial note: The note of editor or the team of editors 2. Columns: They are the writings and thoughts on some specific topics contributed by well-known writer 3. Letters to the editors: It is the feedback to the newspaper 4. Editorial cartoons These are not so much common. They are not published in each and every paperPurposes of Editorial Page

Organization of The Newspaper

Newspaper needs a whole team to work together. The team works in an organized manner to compile and publish a whole newspaper Parts Of Newspaper Organization The newspaper organization have many different parts of team and department. Initially they are three in number 1) Editorial Section 2) Administrative Section 3) Printing Section Editorial section -- The editorial section is pre-divided into four parts 1)Reporting Section 2)News Section 3)Magazine Section 4)Editorial Section

Organization of The Newspaper

The reporting Section:It is the most important section of the newspaper It includes: Reports about business, Showbiz etc Chief Reporter is the head of the department, he Examines the information and give approval Centralized department Information can be about the popularity of any person among the adults, men and women The repots can be of any rules and regulations passed by the government in symbolic form

Organization of The Newspaper

The News sectionIt is a broad section, each of the important headings or topics has different pages, like showbiz will be published on separate page, metro section will be publish on separate Page Chief Editor is the in charge of this section People working under him known as sub-editor Or news editor, The senior most experience person are known as senior editors Different editors have different teams e.g. Sports page. Women page & International page Different geographical are given to different sections in a new company, these are mainly known as DESK also known as cabins and rooms

Organization of The Newspaper

Desk of the News Section 1. Main Desk: Deals with Front and Back Pages 2. Foreign Desk: Deals with foreign news and information 3. Local Desk: Deals with compiling and publishing of local news 4. Monitoring Desk: Obtains information and news from other media 5. Sports desk: Collect and compile news about the sports events 6. Business desk: Deals with commercial news 7. Entertainment desk: Compiles the information for showbiz page 8. Internet desk: Usually foreign news are received here

Organization of The Newspaper

The Magazine SectionMagazines, is a publications, generally published on a regular basis, containing a variety of articles, entertainment, fashion, home and garden decoration information, showbiz, business, health, politics world news, photos, videos, tech views, science and entertainment news. Different types of Magazines:1. 2. 3.

General interest magazines: Sensational magazines: Scholarly Magazines:

Two Kinds of Magazines:

Mid-week Magazines Weekly Magazines

Organization of The Newspaper

Mid-week Magazines A magazines which comes sometime in between the week

Weekly Magazines It is issued on weekly basis example Jang, Sunday magazine, Weekly Family magazine, economist, Time, Discover

Organization of The Newspaper

Editorial section* Opinion page, * It is reserved in a newspaper or magazine for publications editorial * Chief Editor is the one who decides that what is to be written and how the news is to be printed in a newspaper * Major Page of Newspaper, middle page of the newspaper * Editorials are short, persuasive essays that express the opinions of the editors or editors of a publication It have for basic parts: The questions The proof A conclusion Reader action

Organization of The Newspaper

Columns and cartoons are also included in Editorial Section * Columns: Educated People like Hamid Meer, Syed Mohammad Ali, Rasul Bakhsh Rais writes these Columns * Cartoons Cartoons contains following components to convey their intended meaning: Stereotype Caricature Exaggeration Symbolism Fact Opinion Fantasy

Organization of The Newspaper

Administrative section:Administration in an organization helps in the proper running of the organization in all aspects In charge of this is a Managing Director, besides him there is a General manager * General manager: He works with four other officials of the staff * Administrator: Deals with maintenance of offices and records * Chief Accountant: Responsible for supervision and control of the general accounting area, and for financial statement and report preparation * Business management: His primary mission is to develop and increase revenue for the newspaper through co-op advertising * Circulation Management: Responsible for sales, service, distribution and collections in assigned geographic district

Organization of The Newspaper

Printing Section* Types of printing - Woodblock printing: Widely used by east Asian It originated in China in antiquity as a method of printing of textiles and later on Paper Methods of printing on cloth earliest surviving examples from China and Egypt in 220 and 4th century respectively - Movable printing: System of printing and typography using movable pieces of metal made by casting from matrices struck by letter punches - Rotary printing press Invented by Richard March Hoe In 1847 It uses impressions curved around a cylinder to print on long continuous rolls of paper Lately Significantly improved by William Bullock

Organization of The Newspaper

Modern Printing Technology* Offset Printing widely used printing technique where inked image is transferred (or offset) from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface Currently, most books and newspapers are printed using The technique of offset lithography Some other techniques -> Flexography -> Dye transfer -> Ink jet -> Pad printing -> Relief Printing -> Rotogravure -> Screen printing * Gravure It is an intaglio printing technique, where the image to be printed is made up of small depressions in the surface of the printing plate.

Organization of The Newspaper

Impact of invention of printing * Religious impact It was concerning that print allowed Readers, eventually including those from all classes of society, to study religious texts and politically sensitive issues by themselves, instead of thinking mediated by the religious and political authorities * Social impact Print created a sustained and uniform reference for knowledge as well as allowing for comparison between incompatible views Asa Briggs and Peter Burke identify 5 kinds of development due to introduction of print 1. Critical Reading 2. Dangerous Reading 3. Creative Reading 4. Extensive Reading 5. Private Reading Global Village