No Compromise with Sin: The Radicalization of American Anti-Slavery

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    05-Jan-2016

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  • No Compromise with Sin: The Radicalization of American Anti-Slavery

  • I. Brief History American Anti-SlaveryNo prob. majority history18th: 1) Enlightenment 2) 1st GA3) ARBy 1810: Dying out N1810-1830: ColonizationSouth: examplesNorth: democracy

  • II. William Lloyd Garrison1805: Newbury, MACome-outer Baptist mother; father alcoholicPrinters apprentice journalist1820s: Demon Rum1828: Ben Lundy (The Genius) colonizationMillennialism purer ChyJohn Noyes (founder Oneida commune): perfectionism sinfulness = slavery universal emancipation:Christian anarchism

  • III. Radical Abolition: A House on FireA. Immediatism1 Jan. 1831: Liberator : I am in earnestI will not retreat an inchand I will be heard.Slavery: 1) Sin: lie of racial inequality2) Crime: anti-ARStrategy of conversion + revivalismNo compromise w/sin

  • 1833 Am Anti-Slavery Society propaganda violence + political suppressionGag rule (1836)1834-8: mob violence: 1835 WLG symbolically, 1837 Lovejoy actuallyChange in tactics split gradualists + immediatists

  • B. Abolitionism and Womens Rights1) Non-resistance: no compromise w/sin2) Womens rights: auxiliary groups violation Victorian ideals: racial equality fears of miscegenation, political activityWomen lecturers: promiscuous audiencesCatalyst: Angelina + Sarah Grimk lecture tourDivision w/in movement: 1) conservatives vs. Garrisonians over womens rightsEven more: 2) 1840s: non-resistance calls for northern secession

  • IV. Proslavery ArgumentRage over Garrison positive good1) Aristotle: mudsill2) Bible: Old and New Testament3) King Cotton: economic determinism4) Science of racism (multiple creations?)5) Fiction writers: moonlight + magnolias6) George Fitzhugh

  • V. Fitzhugh and the Attack on Free SocietySociology for the South, or The Failure of Free Society (1854); Cannibals All!, or Slaves Without Masters (1857)Slavery = servile labor of any formChattel slavery kinder than wage: 1st modern welfare stateSlavery survive only if capitalist world market destroyed: southern values could not survive competition + bourgeois individualismWriting at same time as Marx in Europe, unclear if F read M

  • Free labor class conflict + violenceSlavery solves: master class combines interest w/sentiment security for masses (paternalism)Whole world must be all slave or all freeCompare Lincoln House Divided speechFitzhugh took argument farthest, but basic ideas common in South

  • VI. ConclusionHeated anti- or pro-slavery sentiment was a minority position before 1850sUncle Toms Cabin, Bleeding Kansas, John Brown would change that on both sides

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