Nota Sains Peta Minda

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Nota sains Tahun 6

Text of Nota Sains Peta Minda

  • Mind Maps

    Science-018

    UPSR 2011

  • SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar

    - 2 -

    Basic Needs of Human

    Keperluan Asas Manusia

    Food / Makanan

    Air / Udara

    Give energy / Beri tenaga

    Grow / Membesar

    Stay healthy / Sihat

    1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas

    Water / Air

    Drinks / Minuman

    Grow / Membesar

    Stay healthy / Sihat

    Shelter / Tempat perlindungan

    To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada - danger / bahaya - extreme weather / cuaca melampau

    -sun & rain / matahari dan hujan

    To breathe / Bernafas

    MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN TAHUN 4

  • Basic Needs of Animals Keperluan Asas Haiwan

    Food / Makanan

    Shelter / Tempat Perlindungan

    Air / Udara

    Water / Air

    To breathe / Bernafas

    To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada - danger / bahaya - extreme weather / cuaca melampau - sun & rain / matahari dan hujan

    Give energy / Beri tenaga

    Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar

    Stay healthy / Sihat

    Drinks / Minuman

    Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat

    1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas

    Types / Jenis : - holes / lubang - cave / gua - nest / sarang - beehive / sarang lebah

  • Plants Have Basic Needs Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan Asas

    Air / Udara

    Sunlight / Cahaya matahari

    Water / Air

    With water / Ada air : - grow healthy / tumbuh dengan sihat - grow well / tumbuh dengan baik - not wilted / tidak layu

    Without water / Tanpa air: - wilted / layu - turn yellow / menjadi kuning - die / mati

    1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai keperluan asas

  • 2.1 Analysing life processes in humans Analisa proses hidup manusia

    Life Processes of Humans

    Proses Hidup Dilalui Manusia

    Respond To Stimuli

    Bergerak balas Terhadap

    Ransangan

    Breathing Pernafasan

    Reproduce Membiak

    Organs Organ

    Inhale take in air Tarik nafas ambil udara

    Exhale give out air Hembus nafas- keluarkan udara

    Nose/Mouth Wind-pipe Lungs Hidung/Mulut Trakea Paru-paru

    A process to produce their young or offspring Proses untuk menghasilkan anak

    Rate of breath Kadar pernafasan

    Number of chest movement in a period of time Bilangan pergerakan dada dalam sesuatu masa

    Organs Organ

    Eyes Sight Mata - Melihat

    Nose Smell Hidung - Menghidu

    Tongue Taste Lidah - Merasa

    Ears Sound Telinga - Mendengar bunyi Skin Touch Kulit - Sentuhan

    Excrete Berkumuh

    Defecate Bernyahtinja

    Kidney ( urine + mineral salt ) Ginjal ( air kencing + garam mineral )

    Faeces Najis

    Purpose / Tujuan : - avoid danger elak bahaya - avoid getting hurt elak dapat luka - avoid getting injured elak dapat cedera - to survive untuk terus hidup

    Lungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Paru-paru ( Karbon dioksida + wap air )

    Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt ) Kulit ( peluh + garam mineral )

  • 2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu proses hidup

    Smoking / Merokok

    Drinking Alcohol / Minum Alkohol

    Effects / Kesan - Lung cancer Kanser paru-paru - Coughing Batuk

    Effects / Kesan - Delay respond to stimuli Lambatkan ransangan terhadap ransangan

    - Lose ability to walk in straight line

    Hilang keupayaan berjalan dengan lurus - Can cause accidents Menyebabkan kemalangan

    How to avoid / Bagaimana untuk hindari

    Participate in a campaign Ambil bahagian dalam kempen

    Advise from their peers Nasihat daripada rakan sebaya

    Occupied time with beneficial activities Memenuhi masa dengan aktiviti berfaedah

    Behaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes Perlakuan yang boleh mengganggu proses hidup

    Taking Drug / Mengambil Dadah

  • 2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals

    Analisa proses hidup haiwan

    Animals Life Processes/Proses Hidup Haiwan

    Breathing / Bernafas

    Excrete / Perkumuhan

    Reproduce / Membiak

    Lay Eggs / Bertelur

    Give Birth / Lahirkan anak Organs /

    Organ

    Lungs/ Paru-paru - monkey monyet - bird burung - whale paus

    Gills/Insang - fish ikan - prawn udang

    Lungs-book - crab ketam

    Moist skin/Kulit lembap - frog katak - earthworm cacing tanah

    Trachea Structre/Sistem Trakea - insects serangga

    Defecate / Bernyahtinja

    To get rid of waste product from their bodies

    Untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan dari badan

    cat kucing tiger harimau bat kelawar whale paus

    butterfly rama-rama

    bird burung

  • Life processes

    plants undergo

    Proses hidup tumbuhan

    plants respond to stimuli. water, sunlight, touch, gravity. tumbuhan bergerak balas terhadap ransangan air,cahaya matahari,sentuhan,graviti

    2.4 Understanding the life processes in plants

    Memahami proses hidup tumbuhan

    the part of plant that responds to gravity. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap graviti roots akar

    the part of plant that responds to water bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap ransangan roots akar

    the part of plant that responds to sunlight. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap cahaya matahari shoot pucuk Permul

    aaan eksperimen

    Akhir eksperimen

    plants reproduce. tumbuhan membiak

    Seeds balsam, corn, durian Biji benih-keembung, jagung,durian

    Spores fern, mushroom Spora-paku-pakis,cendawan Suckers banana, pineapple Anak pokok-pisang,nenas Stem cutting hibiscus, rose, tapioca Keratan batang- bunga raya,mawar,ubi kayu Leaves bryophyllum, begonia Daun-setawar,begonia

    Stem potato, onion, ginger Batang-kentang,bawang,halia

    various ways plants reproduce throughseeds, spores, suckers, stem cutting, leaves, underground stem. berbagai cara tumbuhan membiak melalui.bji benih, spora, anak pokok,keratan batang, daun, batang bawah tanah

    the part of plant that responds to touch. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap sentuhan

    why plants need to reproduce to ensure the survival of the species. mengapa tumbuhan perlu membiak

    untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya

  • Specific characteristics and behaviour Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas

    Sharp claws ( tiger, cat ) Kuku tajam ( harimau, kucing )

    Thick and hard skin ( rhinoceros )

    Kulit tebal dan keras ( badak sumbu )

    Spines ( porcupine ) Berduri ( landak )

    Hard scales ( pangolin, crocodiles )

    Sisik keras ( tenggiling,buaya )

    Hard shell ( tortoise, snails ) Cengkerang keras ( kura-kura,

    siput )

    Horns ( buffalo, seladang ) Tanduk ( kerbau, seladang )

    Pretend to be dead ( beetle, ) Berpura-pura mati ( kumbang )

    Camouflage ( cameleon ) Menyamar ( sumpah-sumpah )

    Poisonous sting or fang ( centipede, snake )

    Sengat atau taring berbisa ( kala jengking, ular )

    Spray black ink ( squid ) Mengeluarkan dakwat hitam

    ( sotong )

    Special characteristics Ciri-ciri khas

    Special behaviour Tingkah-laku khas

    3.1 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from danger Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai ciri dan perlakuan khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada bahaya

  • Specific characteristics and behavior Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas

    Hot weather Cuaca panas

    Cold weather Cuaca sejuk

    Wrinkled Skin (Elephant ,hippopotamuses

    and buffaloes) Kulit berkedut

    (Gajah. badak sumbu, kerbau)

    Wallowing (Elephant, hippopotamuses

    and buffaloes) Berkubang

    (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau)

    Humps (Camel) Bonggol (Unta)

    Thick Fur (Polar bears) Berbulu tebal

    (Beruang kutub)

    Fat Layers Under The Skins (Penguins, seals, and whales) Lapisan lemak di bawah kulit

    (Penguin, anjng laut, ikan paus)

    Small Ears (Seals and Walruses)

    Telinga kecil (Anjing laut, singa laut)

    Hibernate (Polar bears) Berhibenasi

    (Beruang kutub)

    3.2/3.3 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from extreme weather Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas untuk melindungi diri daripada cuaca melampau

  • The specific characteristics

    Sifat-sifat khas

    Have thorns Berduri

    Poisonous Beracun

    Have fine hairs Berbulu halus

    Produces latex Keluarkan getah

    Close leaflets when touch Daun tertutup bila disentuh

    3.4 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from enemies

    Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri